Anne de Bretagne (1477-1514)
Duchess of Brittany, Queen of France.
Anne de Bretagne (1477-1514) was from 1489 to 1491 and from 1498 until her death Duchess of Brittany. She was through her marriages also Archduchess of Austria (1490-1491), Queen of France (1491-1498), Queen of Sicily and Jerusalem, and again Queen of France (1499-1514) and Duchess of Milan.
Anne was the eldest daughter of Duke Francis II. of Brittany (1435-1488) and his second wife Margaret of Foix, Princess of Navarre (1449-1486). Anne’s education was placed in the care of Françoise de Dinan. Under her supervision Anne was educated in Latin, Greek, French, Breton and Hebrew. At the age of twelve years, Anne was officially named the Duchess of Brittany. On February 10, 1489 Anne was enthroned as the Duchess of Brittany in Rennes Cathedral. In December 1490 joined the then Roman-German King and later Emperor Maximilian I, a 31-year-old widower, with the nearly 14-year-old orphaned Anne the marriage by procurationem.
On 19 December 1490 the wedding took place at the Cathedral of Rennes. Representative of Maximilian was Freiherr von Wolfgang Polheim on the side of Anne. Charles VIII. protested against this marriage because she was not in conformity. As Anne’s marriage had never been consummated with Maximilian and her husband sent her no money or troops to defend herself against the superior forces of France, Anne agreed to meet with Charles VIII., to negotiate her marriage to Maximilian. Just three days after the meeting between Anne and Charles VIII., on 19 November 1491 found her secret engagement held at the Cathedral of Rennes. With this wedding was Anne Queen of France and Brittany lost its independence. On February 8, 1492 Anne was crowned in the cathedral of St. Denis to the French queen.
Byzantine, Medieval, Gothic, Burgundian, Renaisance, Ancien Régime fashion history
- The Barbarian Invasions. The Migration Period. (Historical Atlas)
- The Gallic and Gallo-Roman costume period. 3rd to 4th century
- Byzantine costume history. 5th to 6th century.
- Frankish Merovingian costume history. 4th and 5th century
- Carolingian Period 752-987. Reign of Charlemagne.
- The Carolingian Fashion Period 987 to 1270.
- Europe in the time of Charles the Great 768 – 814. (Maps, Places).
- The Corset and the Crinolin. Fashion history from Ancient until 19th century.
- 11th to 13th century. French fashion history.
- 11th to 13th century. German fashion history.
- 11th to 15th century. Caps and Hoods fashion.
- 13th century. French male fashion history.
- 14th century. German fashion history.
- 15th century. German male fashion history.
- 15th century. German female fashion history.
- 14th, 15th century. Italian fashion history.
- Eleanor of Aquitaine, Medieval Queen in the 12th century. Fashion history.
- Eleanor of Castile first wife of King Edward I. England 13th century
- Reigns of John and of Charles V. 1350 to 1380. (Medieval, Byzantine, Gothic)
- Reigns of Charles VI. and Charles VII. 1380 to 1461. (Medieval, Gothic, Burgundy)
- Headdresses of the 14th Century.
- Headdresses of the 15th century. The Hennin.
- Headdresses 15th century. The Reticulated Headdress.
- The Influence of the Crusaders to the French clothing. 13th to 14th century.
- The Knights Hospitallers. The First Crusade. 11th century.
- The Knights of the Teutonic Order of Knighthood. History of German Crusaders 12th century.
- The Crusades. The Knights Templar. Medieval military religious order. 12th century.
- Syria during the period of the crusades. Maps, Names, Places. Historical Atlas.
- Life-size warrior figures in full armor and equipment. Greek, Roman, Gallic, Merovingian, Carolingian.
- Armor in England from the 10th to the 18th century
- The Rise of Monachism. Monastic costumes history.
- The Romance of the Rose. The Art of courtly love.
- The Lady of Tournament delivering the Price.
- On the history of costumes. From Ancient until the 19th century.