Antigone and Ismene. Greek mythology.

Antigone, Ismene, Greek, Mythology,

Antigone and Ismene

Antigone and Ismene.

ANTIGONE (ancient Greek Ἀντιγόνη), daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta (in Homer’s work, Iokaste is called Epikaste.) was a noble Greek maiden, with a heroic attachment to her father and brothers. When Oedipus had blinded himself and was obliged to quit Thebes, Antigone accompanied him and remained with him till his death, when she returned to Thebes.

Creon, the king, had forbidden anyone to bury Polynices, her brother who had been slain by his elder brother in battle; but Antigone, in defiance of the prohibition, buried the dead body, and Creon shut her up in a vault under ground, where she killed herself. When her disobedience was discovered, her sister Ismene insisted upon declaring herself Antigone’s equal in guilt, and upon sharing her punishment.

The artist has marked the difference between the courageous, almost severe nature of Antigone, and the clinging, gentler character of Ismene, who could not brave Creon’s anger to give her brother burial, but would accuse herself of the crime and die with her sister, sooner than live without her. Antigone’s heroism has formed the basis of one of Sophocles’ finest tragedies and of a tradegy by Vittorio Alfieri (1749-1803).

Emil Teschendorff, Artist. M. Weber, Engraver

Source: Character sketches of romance, fiction and the drama by Rev. Ebenezer Cobham Brewer, 1892. A revised American edition of the readers handbook. Edited by Marion Harland.

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(Ancient Egypt, Greek, Minoan, Mesopotamia, Roman, British, Levante fashion history)




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  1. Culture and fashion of Mesopotamia. Assyria, Babylonia and Sumer.
  2. Egyptian costume history.
  3. Ancient Greek fashion and costume history
  4. Minoan costume history. Ancient Greek, Crete.
  5. The Amazons. Female warrior.
  6. Ancient Roman costume history. B.C. 53 to A.D. 450..
  7. Costume history of the Persians and other Asiatics.
  8. Ancient British period. Fashion history of England. Bronze age.
  9. The Byzantine Fashion History 5th to 6th century.
  10. Collection of ancient costumes Egyptian, Greek, Roman and others.
  11. The Roman Tunica or Greek Chiton.
  12. The Roman Paenula. The cowl or hood.
  13. On the origin of the pants by Max Marcuse
  14. The Toga and the manner of wearing it.
  15. The Gallic and Gallo-Roman costume period.
  16. The shields of the Gauls. Clans in the Roman Empire.
  17. The Barbarian Invasions. The Migration Period in Europe, 395-527 A. D.
  18. Roman legionary in full armor.
  19. Roman Britain. Maps, Places, Tribes. Historical atlas.
  20. Celt and Roman. History of England 43 BC to 440 AD.
  21. Gallic and Gallo-Roman helmets of Celtic warriors.
  22. Britannia Saxonica. Chronology of the Anglo-Saxons.
  23. The Roman Paenula. The cowl or hood.
  24. Roman, Greece and Egypt. The Corset and the Crinolin fashion history.
  25. Frankish Merovingian costume history. 4th and 5th century.
  26. Byzantine costume history. 5th to 6th century.
  27. The Carolingian fashion period 752-987. Reign of Charlemagne.
  28. The Carolingian Fashion Period 987 to 1270.
  29. Europe in the time of Charles the Great 768 – 814. Maps and Places.
  30. Alfred the Great. The first English king.
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  32. Monachism. Monastic costumes history.
  33. History of costumes from ancient until 19th century