Archimedes of Syracuse. Mathematician of antiquity.

Archimedes, Syracuse, Greek clothing, mathematician, physicist, engineer, Antique

Archimedes of Syracuse 287-212 BC

Archimedes of Syracuse

Archimedes of Syracuse (Greek χρχιμήδης Archimēdēs) born around 287 BC probably in Syracuse; Died in 212 BC, was a Greek mathematician, physicist and engineer. He is considered one of the most important mathematicians of antiquity. His works were also important in the development of higher analysis in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.

Archimedes the greatest mathematician of his age, was a Sicilian and a native of Syracuse. His knowledge extended to what was, for those times, proficiency in geometry, hydrostatics, optics, mechanics and astronomy. Nor was he a mere theorist. He put his learning to many practical uses, especially during the siege of Syracuse, when be invented engines of war against the enemy, and is reported to have set the Roman fleet on fire by means of reflecting mirrors. He also devised laborsaving arrangements of ropes and pulleys, and was wonderfully skilled in solving problems. He discovered the doctrine of specific gravity; also said to Hiero, King of Syracuse, that, if given a point upon which to rest a lever, be could move the world.

The illustration shows Archimedes in his study, at the time of the capture of Syracuse. He was absorbed in the solution of a problem when a Roman soldier burst into the room and ordered the mathematician to follow him to the Roman general. Marcellus. Archimedes refused to go until he had concluded his demonstration. The soldier, in his anger, killed him.

Nic. Barabino, Artist. M. Weber, Engraver

Source: Character sketches of romance, fiction and the drama by Rev. Ebenezer Cobham Brewer, 1892. A revised American edition of the readers handbook. Edited by Marion Harland.

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  1. Culture and fashion of Mesopotamia. Assyria, Babylonia and Sumer.
  2. Egyptian costume history.
  3. Ancient Greek fashion and costume history
  4. Minoan costume history. Ancient Greek, Crete.
  5. The Amazons. Female warrior.
  6. Ancient Roman costume history. B.C. 53 to A.D. 450..
  7. Costume history of the Persians and other Asiatics.
  8. Ancient British period. Fashion history of England. Bronze age.
  9. The Byzantine Fashion History 5th to 6th century.
  10. Collection of ancient costumes Egyptian, Greek, Roman and others.
  11. The Roman Tunica or Greek Chiton.
  12. The Roman Paenula. The cowl or hood.
  13. On the origin of the pants by Max Marcuse
  14. The Toga and the manner of wearing it.
  15. The Gallic and Gallo-Roman costume period.
  16. The shields of the Gauls. Clans in the Roman Empire.
  17. The Barbarian Invasions. The Migration Period in Europe, 395-527 A. D.
  18. Roman legionary in full armor.
  19. Roman Britain. Maps, Places, Tribes. Historical atlas.
  20. Celt and Roman. History of England 43 BC to 440 AD.
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  22. Britannia Saxonica. Chronology of the Anglo-Saxons.
  23. The Roman Paenula. The cowl or hood.
  24. Roman, Greece and Egypt. The Corset and the Crinolin fashion history.
  25. Frankish Merovingian costume history. 4th and 5th century.
  26. Byzantine costume history. 5th to 6th century.
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  29. Europe in the time of Charles the Great 768 – 814. Maps and Places.
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  32. Monachism. Monastic costumes history.
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