FIGURES OF ECCLESIASTICS. FROM THE SCULPTURES OF THE CATHEDRAL OF CHARTRES.
Initial letter C
CHARTRES is one of the most ancient and interesting towns in France. Popular traditions carry the date of the foundation of the city back to the times of the deluge; and it has been pretended by some of the old antiquaries that its splendid cathedral stands on the site of an ancient Druidical temple.
Byzantine Cross. Mount Athos. Monastery of Caracalla
CROSS FROM MOUNT ATHOS.
Initial letter B, Manuscript 10th century.
BEFORE the Christian era, Mount Athos was celebrated for the length of its shadow (ingenti tellurem proximus umbra vestit. Stat.), which was said to reach as far as the isle of Lemnos, for the multitude of its hares (quot lepores in Atho. Ovid.), and for having been the scene of one of the most wonderful exploits of Xerxes, who in his invasion of Greece is said to have cut a passage for his ships through the lower part of this vast mass of mountains.
The Lady of the English on her visit to Winchester on 3rd March 1141. Matilda was given a formal welcome to Winchester and handed the keys to the treasury. Empress Matilda (also Empress Maude 1102 – 1167) was the first female regent of the kingdom of England, but was not crowned.
The Saxon Head-gear.— Banded Phrygian cap. Cloak.— Of blue cloth embroidered. Tunica.— Green cloth embroidered. Stockings.— Red cloth cross-gartered yellow. (Photographed direct from examples used in the Author’s lecture upon Mediaeval Costumes and Head-dresses.
At the end of the tenth century the Varangian Guard, an Imperial bodyguard, were a conspicuous, picturesque, and useful adjunct to the Byzantine Court. They were recruited from the most perfect specimens of manhood found in Scandinavia.
Nicholas Roerich. Guests from Overseas, 1901 (Vangarians in Rus’)
Top row left: Frankish king and queen. Right: Frankish noble ladies. Bottom row left to right: King Charles the Bald with Empire insignia. Page and court scribe. Right: Emperor Henry II and Frankish bishop.