Category Archives: 12th Century

Middle ages costumes in 12th Century

Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of Gloucester

Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, Medieval knight, Middle Ages, Armor, Henry Shaw, Tewkesbury Abbey Church.

Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Clare. From Tewkesbury Abbey Church. Date about 1340.

Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester

Gilbert de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford, 5th Earl of Gloucester, 1st Lord of Glamorgan, 7th Lord of Clare (1180 – 25 October 1230).

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English kings Henry I and King John. 12th century costumes.

english kings, John, henry, 12th century, costumes, fashion, middle ages, medieval,

Henry I (c. 1068 – 1236) and king John (1167 – 1216).

English kings Henry I and King John.

initial letter, middle ages, decoration, Jenson, Pliny, manuscriptIN one of the Cottonian manuscripts (Julius, E. IV.), a brief metrical chronicle of the kings of England, which has been attributed to John Lidgate (1), and which was composed soon after the 10th Hen. VI., is illustrated by a series of singular and bold drawings of the monarchs whose reigns it commemorates. Two of these figures are given on the accompanying plate, which were intended to represent Henry the First and King John. The costume of King John is rather remarkable, particularly the high clogs which he has on his feet.

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Ladies fashion of the 12th century.

Ladies fashion, Virgin Mary, 12th century, fashion, costumes, England, middle ages,

Virgin Mary on her way to Egypt. Cottonian Manuscript Nero C. IV.

LADIES FASHION OF THE TWELFTH CENTURY.

 12th century, illuminated manuscript, Bible, middle ages,

Initial letter T. MS. Harl. No. 2800. 12th century

THE figures on the present plate are taken from different illuminations in the Cottonian Manuscript Nero C. IV. executed, probably, before the middle of the twelfth century.

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Ecclesiastics of the 12th century. Bishop, monks costumes.

Ecclesiastics, clergy, Bishop, monks, norman,middle ages, 12th century, dress,pastoral, staff, Henry Shaw, fashion

Ecclesiastics, Bishop, monks, 12th century

ECCLESIASTICS OF THE TWELFTH CENTURY.

Initial letter, drop-cap, manuscript,12th century,middle ages,medieval, illumination,Henry Shaw

Initial letter N

NO class of figures occurs so frequently in the illuminations of our earlier manuscripts, as those of ecclesiastics of different grades; and as the older illuminators were almost exclusively monks, we are justified in concluding that none are represented more accurately with regard to their costume and other characteristics.

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Spanish warriors, jongleurs, minstrels in the 11th century.

Spanish warriors,armour, 11th century,middle ages,medieval,illustration,Henry Shaw,Anglo-Norman soldiers

Spanish warriors in armour, 11th century.

Spanish warriors from a MS. of the end of the eleventh century

ornamented initial letters, E,Drop-cap, Medieval manuscript, 10th century, Anglo-Saxon, Norman

Ornamented initial letter E

EVERY step which we trace back in the history of the nations of Europe brings us nearer to a uniformity of costume. Fashions in dress did not begin to go through that quick vicissitude of change which characterizes modern times, till towards the thirteenth century. We can trace little variation in the dress of the Anglo-Saxons during the whole period of their history, and not much between that of the Anglo-Saxons and the Franks.

As people became more distinctly separated from each other by national jealousies, and long and obstinate wars, the new fashions adopted in one country were more slowly communicated to another, and thus the similarity of costume becomes separated by distance of date; while some countries became so entirely estranged from each other during a long period, that the resemblance of costume and the simultaneous variation was altogether lost.

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William Longespée, 1st Earl of Salisbury.

Effigy, William Longespée, 1st Earl of Salisbury, Knight, 13th century, costume, dress, armour, middle ages, crusader

Effigy of William Longespée, 1st Earl of Salisbury, son of Henry II ‘Curtmantle’ d’Anjou, King of England and Ida de Tosny.

William Longespée, 1st Earl of Salisbury (1167-1226, also William I Longespée or Lungespée).

dropcap, Inkunabel, Initial, middle ages. 13th century, illuminated manuscript, Henry Shaw

Initial letter from MS. Arundel, No. 91. Known as Psalter and Book of Hours (the ‘Howard Psalter and Hours’), 14th century. Attributed to John of Metz ‘De Lisle Psalter’

MUCH of romantic interest is attached to the name of Longuespee. The first of the name, who is represented in our plate, was the son of King Henry II. by his celebrated mistress, Fair Rosamond.

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Knights in combat. England 13th century

Knights fighting, England 13th century, Middle ages, combat,Henry Shaw, armour

Medieval knights in combat. MS. Reg. 20 D, I.

KNIGHTS FIGHTING.

Q- dropcap, Inkunabel, Initial, middle ages. 13th century, illuminated manuscript, Henry Shaw

Q- dropcap. Royal Library, Paris 13th century.

QUIETNESS and peace were not among the most prominent characteristics of those ages, in which, unfettered by the sage power of judicious and efficient laws, people were taught to seek justice rather by their own strength, than by the intermediation of others. At that period, the songs which sounded most musical to the ears of the iron-cased barons were the romances that told of hard blows and doughty adventures, and the pictures most beautiful to their eyes were such as those which we here give in ouer plate.

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King and Knight. Dresses of ceremony.

Costumes, Middle ages, Knight, England King, 12th century, Henry shaw

King and Knight.

King and Knight. England 12th century.

Initial letter, middle ages manuscript

D-Intial Letter. MS. Arundel, No. 91

DRESSES of ceremony for solemn occasions, particularly with persons in exalted stations, suffer fewer changes in the course of time, than those in common use. Our plate represents a king- of the latter end of the twelfth century, dressed in his robes of state; but we may probably take it as a good example of the regal costume during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.

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Fashion history of medieval England. 12th, 13th c.

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Richard I, medieval England, King, middle ages, 12th century fashion

RICHARD I., 1189-1199. (also “Richard the Lionheart”, “Richard Plantagenêt”, “Richard Ier Cœur de Lion”.)

Fashion history of medieval England from 1154 to 1216.

Anjou-Plantagenêt ruling dynasty.

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The Norman fashion period. England 1066-1154.

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Empress Matilda, female regent, England, history, Middle ages, 12th century, costumes

The Lady of the English on her visit to Winchester on 3rd March 1141. Matilda was given a formal welcome to Winchester and handed the keys to the treasury.
Empress Matilda (also Empress Maude 1102 – 1167) was the first female regent of the kingdom of England, but was not crowned.

The Norman Period

William the Conqueror, 1066-1087.

by Mrs. Charles H. Ashdown.

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