Category Archives: 14th Century

Fashion and Costumes during the 14th century. The transition from the late Middle Ages to the Renaissance was slow and in the various countries of Europe at different times. An assignment of the Gothic within a set time span varies within the European countries and depends on various factors such as architecture, painting, sculpture. The Gothic is a period of European art and architecture of the Middle Ages. It originated in 1140 in Île-de-France (Paris region) and lasted north of the Alps to about 1500-1550. The previously dominant architectural and artistic style known as Romanesque, Renaissance style as following: Early Gothic ca 1175 to 1250. High Gothic 1250 to 1350; Late Gothic 1350 to 1550 (in Germany); Early Renaissance (Quattrocento) about 1425 to 1550 (Cinquecento in Italy) 
; Renaissance in Germany about 1500 to 1600.
The 14th century can be described with enormous changes in the clothing. Available materials for textile production for the lower classes there was linen, hemp, nettle (these three in particular for use in underwear) and wool (this especially for outerwear). The Nobility and rich bourgeoisie could additionally rely on expensive imported silks and used generally better textile qualities and refined fabrics. Dress codes according to the social status has been adopted.

Tannhäuser. Elizabeth, the Landgravine. Richard Wagner.

Opera Tannhäuser. Elizabeth, the Landgravine. Richard Wagner. German composer.

Elizabeth, the Landgravine.

Tannhäuser. Elizabeth, the Landgravine.

ELIZABETH is kneeling at the shrine in prayer for Tannhäuser, when she hears the chorus of the band of returning pilgrims, of whom he was one. Continue reading

Wealthy bourgeoisie family. 14th century clothing.

Wealthy, bourgeoisie, family, French, Jailor,middle ages,medieval,costume,dress,history,14th century,fashion

Wealthy bourgeoisie family. Parisian costumes. 14th century.

Wealthy bourgeoisie family. 14th century clothing.

Famille bourgeoisie aisée. Costumes parisiens.
Manuscrit Charles VI, Froissard, No 2644. (Bibliothèque nationale) XIVe siècle. Dessinateur et graveur: Gerlier et A. Renard. Continue reading

Italian craftsmen in 1350. Medieval clothing.

Italian craftsmen. Medieval clothing. Middle ages 14t century habits

Italian craftsmen in 1350. Medieval clothing.

Italian craftsmen in 1350. Medieval clothing.

Vicino, Calzolaio, Beccaio, Molinaro, Segatore di fieno, Salinaro, Agricoltore, Muratore, Boscaiuolo, Raccoglitore d’olive, Taglialegna, Falegname, Falconiere, Orefice, Fabbro, Pescivendolo.

Dallo Statuto di Trieste del 1350

From the book: Il Trecento a Trieste. Con illustrazioni policrome by Caprin, Giuseppe.

Jacques de Molay. Grand Master of the Knights Templar.

Jacques de Molay. Grand Master of the Knights Templar. Middle ages knight.

Jacques de Molay. Grand Master of the Knights Templar

Jacques de Molay. Grand Master of the Knights Templar.

Jacques de Molay, also Jacob de Molay and Jacobus of Molay (1244-1250 -1314) was the twenty-third and last Grand Master of the Knights Templar. In his time as Grand Master of the Order the destruction by the King of France, Philip the Fair falls.

From thé book: Paris à travers les siècles. Histoire nationale de Paris et des Parisiens depuis la fondation de Lutèce jusqu’à nos jours, by Nicolas Jules Henri Gourdon de Genouillac. Published 1879.

Associated to:

John Wycliffe and the Dawn of the Reformation.

John Wycliffe. English Scholastic philosopher. 14th century

John Wycliffe on his sick bed assailed by the friars at Oxford in 1375. From the picture by George Thomas.

John Wycliffe (1330-1384) and the Dawn of the Reformation.

During the reign of Edward III., a silent alteration had been wrought in the condition of the lower classes. Feudalism was beginnings its slow decline, the divisions in the state made by contending parties, the divisions in the church made by contending popes, and a general upheaving of society, followed or preceded those political agitations, which, though they appeared to be confined to the barons and chiefs of houses, yet involved the common people, and still more the burgesses, who had already attained to some political power in parliament. Continue reading

Roger Mortimer, 1. Earl of March.

Roger de Mortimer. England History. Middle ages costumes

The seizure of Roger de Mortimer in Nottingham Castle October 19th 1330.

Roger Mortimer, 1. Earl of March, 1287-1330.

The name of this man is inscribed on one of the darkest pages of English history, and though it is associated with the great house of Lancaster, which afterwards long maintained its power over the English throne, it can only be regarded as equalling in infamy that of the wicked and ignoble king whose neglected queen chose the great noble for her paramour. Continue reading

Capetian queens costume 1380. 14th century fashion.

Capetian queens costume History. 4th century fashion. Middle ages fashion. Renaissance costumes

Capetian queen in 1380.

Capetian queens costume 1380. 14th century fashion.

Reine capétienne en 1360: (Portail de la cathédrale de Chartres.) From the book: Costumes civils et militaires des Français à travers les siècles. 1883. Author: Jean Baptiste Marie Augustin Challamel. Engraver: Meunier, Jean-Baptiste. Ouvrage couronné par l’Académie francaise.

Associated to:

  1. The Carolingian Period 987 to 1270.
  2. Fashion of the Middle Ages from 1037 to 1461.
  3. Frankish Fashions. The Ladies of Old France.
  4. Reigns of Charles VI. and Charles VII. 1380 to 1461.
  5. Reigns of Louis XI, Charles VIII, and Louis XII. 1461 to 1515
  6. Gallery: Renaissance Fashion under the Reign of Francis I. 1461 to 1574.