Fashion and Costumes during the 14th century. The transition from the late Middle Ages to the Renaissance was slow and in the various countries of Europe at different times. An assignment of the Gothic within a set time span varies within the European countries and depends on various factors such as architecture, painting, sculpture. The Gothic is a period of European art and architecture of the Middle Ages. It originated in 1140 in Île-de-France (Paris region) and lasted north of the Alps to about 1500-1550. The previously dominant architectural and artistic style known as Romanesque, Renaissance style as following: Early Gothic ca 1175 to 1250. High Gothic 1250 to 1350; Late Gothic 1350 to 1550 (in Germany); Early Renaissance (Quattrocento) about 1425 to 1550 (Cinquecento in Italy) ; Renaissance in Germany about 1500 to 1600.
The 14th century can be described with enormous changes in the clothing. Available materials for textile production for the lower classes there was linen, hemp, nettle (these three in particular for use in underwear) and wool (this especially for outerwear). The Nobility and rich bourgeoisie could additionally rely on expensive imported silks and used generally better textile qualities and refined fabrics. Dress codes according to the social status has been adopted.
Dame Noble (1364, Charles V).
From the book: Costumes civils et militaires des Français à travers les siècles. 1883. Author: Jean Baptiste Marie Augustin Challamel. Engraver: Meunier, Jean-Baptiste. Ouvrage couronné par l’Académie francaise.
Arnold Winkelried in the Medieval Battle scene at Sempach Switzerland at July 9, 1386.
Arnold Winkelried or Arnold from Winkelried († allegedly July 9, 1386 in Sempach) is a mythical figure, which plays a role in the history of Switzerland. The Battle of Sempach (Canton Lucerne) took place July 9 1386. It applies in the history of Switzerland as the culmination of the conflict between the Habsburgs and the Swiss during the Swiss Habsburg wars and was an important event for the independence of the Confederation. The battle is considered as exemplary of the medieval order of battle of the Pike square. It is also the birth of the legend of the hero Arnold von Winkelried, which is sung in the Battle of Sempach song. Then he should have thrown themselves into the spears of the enemy to make a breach for the federal attack.
Here is a monogrome variation of the battle scene which still appears more expressive than the above-colored illustration.
Shoe of German Emperor Frederick III., XIV Century
Shoe of German Emperor Frederick III.
14th century medieval pointed toe shoe style (Crackowes).
Chaussure avec patin de Frédéric III, Empereur d’Italie ou d’Allemagne (1400). D’après un tableau du temps, conserve à Sienne. Histoire des cordonniers : précédée de l’histoire de la chaussure depuis les temps les plus recules jusq’a nos jours. Paris : Sere, 1852. Author: P. L. Jacob, (1806-1884).
Medieval shoe of King John II. of France (Jean le Bon). 14th century.
Chaussure avec patin du Roi Jean (1440). From Histoire des cordonniers : précédée de l’histoire de la chaussure depuis les temps les plus recules jusq’a nos jours. Paris : Sere, 1852. Author: P. L. Jacob, (1806-1884).
(In the original source the year is 1440. We suspect a problem because at this time the shoe fashion was much shorter. In addition, there was no king in 1440 with the name Jean in France.)
Here a courtly fantasy scene of the Middle Ages, 14-15th century is shown. The clothing shows the fitting design of Gothic and is based on the trend-setting, Burgundian court wealth and luxury. At the Burgundian court in Dijon chivalric culture once again enjoyed a late peak. The Burgundian court ceremonial (the import of the Habsburgs in Spain and was called from then on Spanish court ceremonial) remained in the following centuries model for all absolutist princely courts.
Mary Young Hunter. Edwardian Pre-Raphaelite Painter.
Mary Young Hunter (1872-1947) born in Napier, New Zealand. After the death of her father Edward Towgood in 1882, she moved with her mother Edith Towgood and her three siblings back to England. She studied painting in Newlyn, Cornwall, and at the Royal Academy, where she met John Young-Hunter (1874-1955). His father was Colin Hunter, a well-known marine painter and member of the Royal Academy of London, his mother was Isabella Young Rattre an excellent and important pianist. John received a chosen high aristocratic education, visited Clifton College and the University of London, studied under John Singer Sargent at the Royal Academy of Arts . Mary and John were married in 1899 and spent eight months in Italy to travel back through Germany and Belgium to England. They belonged to the higher London society, Johns parents friends were John Singer Sargent and Lawrence Alma-Tadema. They made a name for himself as portrait painter.
” The Wanderer.” By Mary Young Hunter.
Exhibitions in the National Tate Gallery London and Luxembourg Museum in Paris (Paris Salon, Medal 1914) followed. From 1900 to 1913 they exhibited at the Royal Academy. Both are associated with the late Romantic art movement of the Edwardian Pre-Raphaelites. In 1906 their daughter Gabrielle was born. In 1915 they moved to the USA. From New York its first station they moved on to Taos, New Mexico. 1921 the couple separated and Mary Young Hunter moved to Berkley California where she died in 1947. John was fascinated by of the so-called Wild West since he had visited in London Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show. His painting had since his arrival in New Mexico, the landscape, the Native Americans and still life as a subject, as opposed to the society portraits of his English years. John died in 1955 in Taos.
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