Category Archives: 14th Century

Fashion and Costumes during the 14th century. The transition from the late Middle Ages to the Renaissance was slow and in the various countries of Europe at different times. An assignment of the Gothic within a set time span varies within the European countries and depends on various factors such as architecture, painting, sculpture. The Gothic is a period of European art and architecture of the Middle Ages. It originated in 1140 in Île-de-France (Paris region) and lasted north of the Alps to about 1500-1550. The previously dominant architectural and artistic style known as Romanesque, Renaissance style as following: Early Gothic ca 1175 to 1250. High Gothic 1250 to 1350; Late Gothic 1350 to 1550 (in Germany); Early Renaissance (Quattrocento) about 1425 to 1550 (Cinquecento in Italy) 
; Renaissance in Germany about 1500 to 1600.
The 14th century can be described with enormous changes in the clothing. Available materials for textile production for the lower classes there was linen, hemp, nettle (these three in particular for use in underwear) and wool (this especially for outerwear). The Nobility and rich bourgeoisie could additionally rely on expensive imported silks and used generally better textile qualities and refined fabrics. Dress codes according to the social status has been adopted.

Headdresses 15th century. The Reticulated Headdress.

Gothic Medieval costumes 15th century. Fashion Burgundy court dresses. Hennin. Headdresses

Plate XXII. Isabelle of Portugal 1428-1496 Queen of Castile and Philippe le Bon 1396-1467 Duke of Burgundy.

Headdresses 15th century. The Reticulated Headdress (Latin, Reticulum = a net).

At the hall door take off thy hood and gloves. Observe in Curtseie to take A rule of decent kind, Bend not thy body too far forth, Nor backe thy leg behind.

Curtesy came from Heaven when Gabriel greeted Our Lady. All virtues are included in it.

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14th century medieval pointed toe shoe style.

14th century medieval pointed toe shoe style. Shoe of German Emperor Frederick III.

Shoe of German Emperor Frederick III., XIV Century

Shoe of German Emperor Frederick III.

14th century medieval pointed toe shoe style (Crackowes).

Chaussure avec patin de Frédéric III, Empereur d’Italie ou d’Allemagne (1400).
D’après un tableau du temps, conserve à Sienne. Histoire des cordonniers : précédée de l’histoire de la chaussure depuis les temps les plus recules jusq’a nos jours. Paris : Sere, 1852. Author: P. L.  Jacob, (1806-1884).

Medieval shoe of King John II. of France.

Medieval Shoe of King John II. of France. 14th century pointed toe style shoe

Shoe of King John II. of France. 14th century.

Medieval shoe of King John II. of France (Jean le Bon). 14th century.

Chaussure avec patin du Roi Jean (1440). From Histoire des cordonniers : précédée de l’histoire de la chaussure depuis les temps les plus recules jusq’a nos jours. Paris : Sere, 1852. Author: P. L.  Jacob, (1806-1884).

(In the original source the year is 1440. We suspect a problem because at this time the shoe fashion was much shorter. In addition, there was no king in 1440 with the name Jean in France.)

A Stately Measure by Averil Mary Burleigh

Averil Mary Burleigh. British Artist. Burgundy court dresses. Medieval costumes. Gothic fashion.

” A Stately Measure ” by Averil Mary Burleigh

Averil Mary Burleigh. British Artist. Burgundy court dresses. Medieval costumes. Gothic fashion.

“His Majesty” by Averil Mary Burleigh

The Peacock Festival. Burgundy medieval costumes. Averil Mary Burleigh. British artist. Gothic fashion

” The Festival.” Watercolor drawing by Averil M. Burleigh.

” A Stately Measure, His Majesty and The Festival.” Drawings by Averil Mary Burleigh (1883-1949) 

Medieval Burgundy court dresses during the 14th century. Published in the International Studio in 1913.

Courtly fantasy scene by Mary Young Hunter.

Mary Young Hunter. Courtly fantasy high dame court costume. Middle Ages fashion

The duke`s high dame ” by Mary Y. Hunter.

Here a courtly fantasy scene of the Middle Ages, 14-15th century is shown. The clothing shows the fitting design of Gothic and is based on the trend-setting, Burgundian court wealth and luxury. At the Burgundian court in Dijon chivalric culture once again enjoyed a late peak. The Burgundian court ceremonial (the import of the Habsburgs in Spain and was called from then on Spanish court ceremonial) remained in the following centuries model for all absolutist princely courts.

Mary Young Hunter. Edwardian Pre-Raphaelite Painter.

Mary Young Hunter (1872-1947) born in Napier, New Zealand. After the death of her father Edward Towgood in 1882, she moved with her mother Edith Towgood and her three siblings back to England. She studied painting in Newlyn, Cornwall, and at the Royal Academy, where she met John Young-Hunter (1874-1955). His father was Colin Hunter, a well-known marine painter and member of the Royal Academy of London, his mother was Isabella Young Rattre an excellent and important pianist. John received a chosen high aristocratic education, visited Clifton College and the University of London, studied under John Singer Sargent at the Royal Academy of Arts . Mary and John were married in 1899 and spent eight months in Italy to travel back through Germany and Belgium to England. They belonged to the higher London society,  Johns parents friends were John Singer Sargent and Lawrence Alma-Tadema. They made a name for himself as portrait painter.

Mary Young Hunter. Burgundy fashion. Medieval high dame court costume. Edwardian Pre-Raphaelites Painting

” The Wanderer.” By Mary Young Hunter.

Exhibitions in the National Tate Gallery London and Luxembourg Museum in Paris (Paris Salon, Medal 1914) followed. From 1900 to 1913 they exhibited at the Royal Academy. Both are associated with the late Romantic art movement of the Edwardian Pre-Raphaelites. In 1906 their daughter Gabrielle was born. In 1915 they moved to the USA. From New York its first station they moved on to Taos, New Mexico. 1921 the couple separated and Mary Young Hunter moved to Berkley California where she died in 1947. John was fascinated by of the so-called Wild West since he had visited in London Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show. His painting had since his arrival in New Mexico, the landscape, the Native Americans and still life as a subject, as opposed to the society portraits of his English years. John died in 1955 in Taos.

Middle ages trinkets design. 12th to 15th century fashion history.

Middle ages trinkets design. 12th to 15th century fashion history.

Trinkets design. 12th to 15th century.

Middle ages trinkets design. 12th to 15th century fashion history.

L’histoire du costume féminin français. Les modes du Moyen Age, de l’an 1037 à l’an 1461. Colifichets. – Planche 12.

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Middle ages shoe design. 10th to 15th century fashion history.

Middle ages shoe design. 10th to 15th century fashion history.

Shoe design. 10th to 15th century.

Middle ages shoe design. 10th to 15th century fashion history.

L’histoire du costume féminin français. Les modes du Moyen Age, de l’an 1037 à l’an 1461. Chaussures. – Planche 11.
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Middle Ages Fabrics design. 12th to 15th century fashion history.

Middle Ages Fabrics design. 12th, 15th century fashion history.

Fabrics, Sacks 12th to 15th century

Middle Ages Fabrics design. 12th to 15th century fashion history.

L’histoire du costume féminin français. Les modes du Moyen Age, de l’an 1037 à l’an 1461. Étoffes, Sacs. – Planche 10.

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Middle Ages Embroidery & Lace design. 13th to 15th century.

Middle Ages Embroidery. Lace design. 13th to 15th century Fashion history

Embroidery & Lace design. 13th to 15th century.

Middle Ages Embroidery & Lace design. 13th to 15th century.

L’histoire du costume féminin français. Les modes du Moyen Age, de l’an 1037 à l’an 1461. Dentelles, Broderies. – Planche 9.

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Middle ages sleeve fashion design. 14th to 15th century.

Middle ages sleeve fashion design. 14th to 15th century costume history.

Sleeves 14th to 15th century

Middle ages sleeve fashion design. 14th to 15th century costume history.

L’histoire du costume féminin français. Les modes du Moyen Age, de l’an 1037 à l’an 1461. Manches. – Planche 8.

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Middle ages skirts fashion. 13th to 15th century.

Middle ages skirts fashion. 13th to 15th century costume history.

Skirts 13th to 15th century

Middle ages skirts fashion. 13th to 15th century.

L’histoire du costume féminin français. Les modes du Moyen Age, de l’an 1037 à l’an 1461. Jupes. – Planche 7.  Continue reading