Category Archives: 14th Century

Fashion and Costumes during the 14th century. The transition from the late Middle Ages to the Renaissance was slow and in the various countries of Europe at different times. An assignment of the Gothic within a set time span varies within the European countries and depends on various factors such as architecture, painting, sculpture. The Gothic is a period of European art and architecture of the Middle Ages. It originated in 1140 in Île-de-France (Paris region) and lasted north of the Alps to about 1500-1550. The previously dominant architectural and artistic style known as Romanesque, Renaissance style as following: Early Gothic ca 1175 to 1250. High Gothic 1250 to 1350; Late Gothic 1350 to 1550 (in Germany); Early Renaissance (Quattrocento) about 1425 to 1550 (Cinquecento in Italy) 
; Renaissance in Germany about 1500 to 1600.
The 14th century can be described with enormous changes in the clothing. Available materials for textile production for the lower classes there was linen, hemp, nettle (these three in particular for use in underwear) and wool (this especially for outerwear). The Nobility and rich bourgeoisie could additionally rely on expensive imported silks and used generally better textile qualities and refined fabrics. Dress codes according to the social status has been adopted.

Middle Ages hats. 12th to 15th century fashion history.

Middle Ages hats fashion. 12th to 15th century fashion history.

Middle Ages hats fashion.

Middle Ages hats. 12th to 15th century fashion history.

L’histoire du costume féminin français. Les modes du Moyen Age, de l’an 1037 à l’an 1461. Chapeaux. – Planche 5.

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Isabeau de Baviere in French medieval court dress

Isabeau de Baviere. French medieval court dress. Middle ages clothing. Burgundy costume.

Isabeau de Bavière (1370-1435)

 Isabella of Valois. French medieval court dress. Middle ages clothing. Burgundy costume.

Isabelle de Valois (1389–1409)

Isabeau de Baviere in French medieval court dress

Isabeau de Bavière  (1370-1435) was the wife of Charles VI. (1368-1422) “the Beloved or the madman” was 1380-1422 king of France. With her he had twelve children, eight of whom survived to adulthood. One of them, the daughter Isabelle of Valois (1389-1409) married in childhood standing, from 1396 to 1399 as the second wife of Richard II. and became Queen of England. Following the murder of her husband, she returned to France and married in 1406 her eleven years old cousin, the future Duke Charles d’Orléans. She died at the birth of her only daughter Johanna in childbirth.

Read more: Queen of France as the wife of King Charles VI.



Marie of Hainaut. French medieval fashion.

Marie of Hainaut. French medieval fashion. Nobility gown. Queens costume. Middle ages clothing

Marie de Hainaut (1280 – 1354)

Marie de Hainaut (1280 – 1354). French medieval fashion. 14th century nobility.

Marie de Hainaut also known as Mary of Avesnes daughter of John II, Count of Holland and Philippa of Luxembourg was married with Louis I, Duke of Bourbon.

Louis Marie Lanté b. 1789. Galerie Française de femmes célèbres 1827 (Gallery of famous French women).

Medieval fashion history. Reign of Charles VI and Charles VII


Medieval costumes, Middle ages fashion history, 14th, 15th century fashion. Burgundian, Burgundy clothing, Hennin.

French Fashion 1380-1461

Reign of Charles VI and Charles VII. 1380 to 1461.

Table of Content

Taste in dress becomes purer – Heartshaped head-covering, the “cornette,” and the “hennin ” in the reign of Charles VI – Husbands complain – Preachers denounce – Thomas Connecte declaims against the diabolic invention – Brother Richard tries to reform it – The “hennin” gains the victory – Costume of Jeanne de Bourbon – “Escoffion” – An absurd figure – Gravouère – Isabeau de Bavière – Gorgiasetès – Tripes – Splendour of the court – Agnes Sorel – “Coiffe adournée”; diamonds; the carcan – Walkingsticks. Continue reading

The Duchesse. French nobility fashion 14th century.

The Duchesse. Nobility Court dress. Middle ages clothing. 15th century costumes. Burgundian costume

The Duchesse 1400

The Duchesse. French nobility fashion 14th century.

The woman wears a tight-fitting bodice that laced at the front. Among a long-sleeved dress with deep lower neckline whose sleeves cover the hands. Furthermore the pleated Chiopa with wide cap sleeves. The high hairline is highlighted by a richly decorated horns cap.

From the book: Costumes historiques pour travestissements par Paul Gavarni (Guillaume Sulpice Chevalier 1804-1866)

Associated to:

  1. Fashion in the Reigns of John and of Charles V. 1350 to 1380.
  2. Fashion in the Reigns of Charles VI. and Charles VII. 1380 to 1461.
  3. The Hennin. Headdresses of the 15th century.
  4. The Lady of Tournament.
  5. The Romance of the Rose. 
  6. Christine de Pizan and Queen Isabeau of Bavaria.
  7. Margaret of Anjou Queen of Henry VI. and her court.
  8. The Limerick Mitre.
  9. Pyrrhus Receiving the Honor of Knighthood.

Medieval gothic costumes. German princess and maid of honor, 1350.

German princess and maid of honor. German middle ages clothing. 14th century costumes. Cotehardie

German princess and maid of honor, 1350

German princess and maid of honor, 1350

Fashion German nobility 14tes century, Middle Ages costumes, Gothic period costumes.

The clothing of the 12th and 13 Century emphasized the shape of the body, which was wrapped with care since ancient times.
The Vertical accented human Shiloette. As in architecture, gothic, painting or sculpture It is the time in the establishment of the great cathedral at Reims and Cologne, the days of knights and courtly love, L’Amour courtois, secretly welcomed the languishing knight Feignaire, the troubadours. The profound influence of women on habits and fashions, starting from southwestern Europe, the courts of Spain, southern France Aquitaine caused a feminization in the manners of men. They ran her hair grow that was sometimes even decorated with flowers, wearing curls and shaved her face smooth.
In the present illustration, a drawing from the period around 1870, published in Munich as illustrated fashion images, the well-known artists of the time participated (Wilhelm Busch) the clothing of a German princess and her maid of honor is shown. The full dress was called the robe.
The princess wears a one-piece, front buttoned dress Cotehardie called, with long tight sleeves and wide neckline (front and rear). Buttons presented at that time a novelty, instead of the lateral lacing allowed a figure-hugging dresses section. Previously buttons were mostly used as decorative elements. The hem of the dress is decorated with embroidery. Furthermore, she wears a Nusch mantle (cape-like coat in the 14th and 15th centuries, which was held together in front with a “Nusche” barrette or brooch kind of a safety pin). Of semi-circular section of the decorated side with two brooches and depict the coat of arms of the royal house The lining of the jacket of the casing is held in the contrasting color. The fabric is made of heavy brocade that is intricately embroidered at the edges. Her head is covered by a veil on the crown sits.
The lady wears the tight dress with wide neckline, has a point lying on the waist belt of the only decorative. Her dress is adorned with Zaddeln.

Fashion in the Middle Ages, 14th Century.

Medieval Burgundian clothing. French fashion in the middle ages. Mid-century gothic costume ideas

French Fashion 1350 to 1380.

French Fashion in the Middle Ages. Reigns of John II and of Charles V. 1350 to 1380.

Table of Content

The States of Languedoc – A young French lady in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries – Low dresses – Saying of a mercer – Damoiselles – Garnaches and garde-corps – Le Parement des dames – Social distinctions – High character is worth more than gilded belt – Precious stones – The castles and other dwellings of the middle ages – Splendid furniture – Humble abodes of the poor – Evening assemblies.
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The Carolingian Fashion Period 987 to 1270.

Middle Ages, dress, costumes, Queen, Charlemagne, Carolingian, fashion,medieval,

French queens costumes 10th to 11th century

The Carolingian Fashion Period 987 to 1270.

Table of content

Earliest times of the Carolingian period — Variety of costume in the provinces — Fashions in the Duchy of France — French taste dating from the eleventh century — Luxury increases with each generation — The dominical —The “bliaud” — Canes of apple-wood — Women in the twelfth century — Headdresses — “Afiche” — Serpent-tails — Pelisses — The thirteenth century — “Greves” and veils are in fashion — The “couvre-chef” in the fourteenth century — The skirt, or “cotte-hardie,” surcoat, or overall, or overskirt, cape, trained skirt, and “gauze” — Accessories — Emblazoned gowns — Various kinds of stuffs.
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