Maria Stuart 1542-1587 born as Mary Stewart, was on 14 December 1542 to the July 24, 1567 as Mary I Queen of Scotland and through her marriage to Francis II. from 1559 to 1560 Queen of France. Continue reading →
Lady Jane Grey declining the english crown by Robert Smirke.
Lady Jane Grey (c.1536 – 1554) was an English noblewoman and the de facto Queen of England for nine days. She was the eldest surviving daughter of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk, and his wife Frances Brandon. Her maternal grandmother was Mary Tudor Brandon, the younger sister of Henry VIII. Jane Grey is one of the most popular figures of the Tudor period. One reason for this is that there are no contemporary, clearly identified portraits of her. Also, there are no contemporary descriptions of Jane. Jane Grey claimed in 1553 for a short time the title of Queen of England. Since then, she has been dubbed The Nine Days’ Queen or The Thirteen Days’ Queen .
Engraved by William Bromley, from Hume’s The History of England, circa 1793.
It is the time of the late Renaissance, the Thirty Years War, marked by the Counter-Reformation, with the associated dominance of the Spanish Baroque. In view of the dominance of Spanish, captured the cool elegance of the Spanish court dress, European countries. It replaced the elegant and light fashion of the Renaissance, as the dissolute and proclaimed the modesty and chastity of the Catholic Church ran contrary. The man is wearing a waist-length jacket which was named after its final form “goose belly”. It was closed by a central row of buttons. It was padded and formed beads on the sleeves. The sleeves and the collar was completed by ruffles cuffs. The sleeves are long with fabric ribbons, which look like a throwback to the Burgundian fashion of Houppelande. The collars should develop during the course of the Spanish fashion to the so-called millstone ruffs. They restricted the movement a strong and looked like a statement said that the carrier or bearer in the most impossible positions attitude preserved. The pants had a high waist and was padded as well as the jacket and produced a wide hip. This he wears buckled shoes and stockings. The clothes of the woman meets the man’s. A stiff corset bodice with drop waist. The narrow sleeves and collar are also completed by ruffles cuffs. The hairstyle is, given the limited range of motion, carried high. The skirt is floor length and richly decorated. Forward it will be kept open so that the cone-shaped bottom skirt that was also decorated came forward. The aim of the clothing was the complete concealment of the body. The women wore under the long skirt the Kothurne, the shoes were made of wood or cork. The church was full of praise for the way these uncomfortable shoes because they prevented the dance and even the physical pleasures were opposed. They got the wearers, such shoes, the drain.
French nobleman and nobelwoman 1550. French Court Dress 16th century.
The nobleman wears a typical element of the Spanish fashion, the short, loose-fitting cloak, called the Spanish Cape. This was not buttoned and was loose over her shoulders. This he wears a waist-length, quilted jacket with a mandarin collar, which was called “goose belly”. It was closed by a central row of buttons. The sleeves are occupied by frill sleeves. Harem pants with a padded waist high set. Buckled shoes and stockings. On his head a little beret and a beard. A long iron spike completes the appearance. The nobel woman is in stiff corset bodice with drop waist. The narrow sleeves and collar are also completed by ruffles cuffs. The shoulders are padded bead. The style is worn high. The skirt is floor length and richly decorated. Forward it will be kept open so that the cone-shaped, stiff petticoat, which is also decorated emerges. This was the forerunner of the crinoline (Farthingale, Vertugado, Hoop skirt). A headdress she wears an ornate bead cap, called Escoffion. She wears under the long skirt the Kothurne that shoes are made of wood or cork. The folds of the dress are over with hot iron and wire into shape.
The Spanish fashion. Late Renaissance costumes in the transition to the Counter-Reformation, early Baroque period.
German Renaissance Costumes in 1550. German citizen fashion in the 16th century.
The man is wearing a beret, a sleeveless Schaube with wide collar (also called Zamora or Jerkin). Including a broad doublet reaching to the knees. A shirt with a small collar. These tights and cowmule shoes. The woman is wearing a beret adorned with feathers on his head. A tight top with a square neckline and puffed sleeves slit. To a pleated, floor length skirt under an equally colorful petticoat worn. The fashion is inspired by the mercenaries. The whole appearance of the people expressed a dignified bearing.
German citizen in 1550. 16th century renaissance costumes during the Reformation. Renaissance period.
The man and the woman wear a large beret adorned with lush feathers. The jerkin is belted. The clothes were slotted rich. Including mostly different colored shirts or skirts were worn by the slots differently colored bulging through. Accordingly, colorful was the appearance. He wears the typical of that cow foot shoes that had developed from the pointed shoes of the Gothic in this form. The woman has always been shrouded in a lot of material and was based in the fashion according to the man’s. The emphasis was on both genders in the sweeping shoulders.