The Marquis of Montrose at the Place of Execution.
The Execution of James Graham, 1. Marquess of Montrose.
James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose, (born probably in 1612 in Montrose, executed on May 21, 1650 in Edinburgh) was a Scottish nobleman who fought from 1644 to 1650 in the English Civil War in Scotland for the royal side.
Marie Mancini mistress of the French King Louis XIV.
Marie Mancini (1639 -1715) was one of the Mazarinettes and mistress of the French King Louis XIV. Mary was the daughter of Michele Barone di Lorenzo Mancini, Geronima Mazarini and thus niece of Cardinal Mazarin Jules. When she was brought by her uncle from Italy to France, she first spent two years in the monastery. 1655 she went to the French court in the Louvre. She became the first love of Louis XIV., and had great influence on the young king. Marie and Louis thought of marriage, but Mazarin and the queen mother were still on the other hand. It has been said Louis prayed on his knees. 1661 married Marie the Great Constable of Naples, Lorenzo Onofrio Prince Colonna (1637-1689). In Rome, she introduced an unknown liberty for women. But the marriage was soon unhappy. 1672 she fled from him along with her sister Hortensia to France. From then on she wandered through half of Europe and lived in various monasteries. After the death of Colonna 1689 she moved again to Italy.
Marie Mancini died the same year as her childhood sweetheart, Louis XIV.
Philip Herbert. Earl of Pembroke & Montgomery 1650
Philip Herbert. Earl of Pembroke & Montgomery 1650.
Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke and 1st Earl of Montgomery (1584-1650) was an English courtier and politician active during the reigns of James I and Charles I. Philip and his older brother William were the ‘incomparable pair of brethren’ to whom the First Folio of Shakespeare’s collected works was dedicated in 1623.
Top row left to right: Anna, Countess of Chesterfield 1640. Gentleman of the court of Charles II 1665. Duke of Newcastle 1646. Right: William Villiers Viscont of Grandison 1640. Royalist soldier 1649. Nobleman 1649. Bottom row left: Slingsby Bethel, Sheriff of London 1680. Cavalier under Charles II 1680. Duchess of Cleveland 1675. Right: James Marquis of Hamilton 1620. English citizens 1645. Francis Duchess of Richmond 1620. Palace Guard 1625. Baroque period, Galante Conduite.
Second third of the 17th Century. Top row left: Citizens son. Wedding organizer. Citizen girl. Right: Swiss peasant costumes. Baroque period costumes. Bottom row left: Woman in church clothes. Waibel (Ushers). Runner. Right: Woman in mourning clothes. Great Waibel. Mayor.
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