Timeline of the French Revolution 1789 – 1799
Fashion under the French Revolution & Directoire Period 1789 to 1802.
Table of content.
1789 Fashion in Paris before the taking of the Bastille – Mademoiselle Berthin – 1791 Fashion under the French Revolution – 1794 Fashion reverts to the Greek and Roman period – Disappearance of Louis XVI costumes – Paleness in vogue – Beauties à la Psyche – Varieties of hair-dressing at the commencement of the Directoire – Perruques came into fashion – The painter David, the revolutionary painter apostate – Debate on reformation costume – The Cothurn – The “Merveilleuses” – Greek robes – Roman dresses – Copé, the noted shoemaker
Paul Barras 1755-1829. Member of the Executive Board.
Louis-Lazare Hoche 1768-1797. French Revolution History.
Louis-Lazare Hoche was a French general of the Revolutionary who was known for his level-headed actions in the suppression of the revolt in the Vendée in 1795 as the “pacificateur de la Vendée”. Hoche was the son of a former soldier and garde-chenil du roi (presumably. Overseer of the royal hunting dogs). After the early death of his mother, he was raised by an aunt who also paid him an education. A priest from Saint-Germain-en-Laye fell on his scholastic zeal and intelligence; he gave him lessons in Latin and aroused his interest in the ancient writers and philosophers. Hoche was 15 years old stable boy in the écuries de Versailles (royal. Stables) and entered the regiment of the Gardes Françaises-16-one. Its origin from very humble background was no obstacle for an amazing career in the revolutionary army. With 24 years (according to the Revolutionary calendar), he was already in the rank of general. Hoche is said to have survived two duels and two attacks. Hoche was 1797 – after centuries of feudal rule – the first civil government chief of the left of the Rhine parts of the country. His name is inscribed on the Arc de Triomphe in Paris in the third column. One of the great, leading to the Arc de Triomphe Paris streets, the Avenue Hoche.
Marquis de Lafayette 1757-1834. Aristocrat and military officer.
Marie-Joseph-Paul-Yves-Roch-Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de La Fayette or Lafayette was a French general and politician. He took part on the side of the colonists on the American Revolutionary War and played an important role in the French Revolution. La Fayette came from a noble family in Chavaniac. His father died in 1770 at the Battle of Minden (Seven Years War). After her mother’s death in 1770 he was already 13 years old orphan, but had in the following because of the large fortune of his family no material restrictions and was able to pursue his inclinations. After the declaration of independence of the British colonies La Fayette went with a self-recruited volunteer force in 1777 to America. There he fought for American independence and its affiliates with the Enlightenment ideals of equality, freedom and justice. When he returned to France, the people gave him a triumphant welcome and Louis XVI. received him into the Assembly of Notables. Even in the United States La Fayette was (written Lafayette) celebrated as a great war hero. Under La Fayette’s influence adopted Louis XVI. the Edict of 1787 (tolerance), which was especially good to the Huguenots. On 11 July 1789 he presented the Draft of the Declaration of Human Rights, which he had developed with the assistance of Thomas Jefferson. La Fayette was taken responsibility for ensuring that the king could try to escape on June 20, 1791. Three days after the second anniversary of the storming of the Bastille he had the open fire on an angry crowd. This massacre on the Champ de Mars with dozens dead cost him much of his popularity. La Fayette died on 20 May 1834 at the age of 76 years in Paris and was buried in the cemetery Cimetière de Picpus. His name is inscribed on the Arc de Triomphe in Paris in the third column.
French army of 1790. Swiss Guard, French Guard, Grenadier.
Armee Francaise de 1790. Garde Suisse, Garde Francaise, Grenadier.
After a drawing by F. Bastin. From a series: Armee Francaise 1804 a 1815. Paris Impr. Jules Rigo et Cie.
Jean Paul Marat 1743-1793. Portrait French Revolution History.
Jean Paul Marat was a physician, naturalist and author of scientific and political writings. During the French Revolution, he wrote the Ami du Peuple, Continue reading
The mysterious conversations. France Directory costumes c. 1790.
Costumes of a legislator. The French people’s representatives of the Directorate.
Costumes of a legislator, designed by Jacques-Louis David 1748-1825, for: Projet de costume civique – Habit de législateur. Le représentant du peuple François en function. Engraver Vivant Denon 1747-1825.
Louis XVI fashion 1790 – 1792. French Revolution costumes.
- 453. All blue male costume with shoulder sash in red, white and blue, 1790.
- 454. Dark blue masculine woman’s dress with red lapels and cravat, hat with cockade and ostrich Feathers, 1790.
- 455. White dress, jacket laced in front; in the hand, a yo-yo, 1791.
- 456. Grey-powdered hair with wreath of roses, red ribbon round neck, à la guillotine, 1791.
- 457. Grey-powdered hair, brown coat with high red collar, yellow knee-breeches, blue embroidered waistcoat, 1791.
- 458. Grey-powdered curled hair, small frilled hat, dress with stripes at hem, fichu, 1792.
- 459. Grey-powdered hair, straw hat with ribbon under chin, fichu and scarf, 1792.
« Histoire du costume » par Henry Harald Hansen. Dessins de Ebbe Susen, Mogens Bryder et Kaj Norregaard. Traduit du Danois par Jaqueline Puissant. Flammarion, Paris, 1954.