Category Archives: 18th Century

Costume and Fashion History during the 18th Century. Clothing of the Late Baroque, Rococo, Louis XV, Louis XVI, Rose Bertin Minister of Fashion at the court of Marie Antoinette. The French Revolution fashion period of Incroyables and Merveilleuses. The Georgians and Regency period.

An armed Tschutzkian with a Woman and Child.

Traditional russia folk costume. Edward Harding. Costume Tschutzkian woman and warrior

Armed Tschutzkian with a Woman and child

An armed Tschutzkian with a Woman and Child.

Un Tschoutzkien armé, avec une Femme et un Enfant.

THE Tschutski, dwelling in the interior, and in the vicinity of the wandering Koriaks, are rich in rein-deer; but those who inhabit the borders of the sea, and the two coasts of the Cape to which they have given their name, maintain none of those animals. It is principally the latter, who either construct their habitations under ground, or take up their abode in caverns formed by nature in the bosom of the mountains. They live by hunting the wild rein-deer, and by pursuing, in their canoes, the whale and other sea monsters.

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Circassian on horseback in complete armor.

Circassian warrior in armor. Asian knight with weapons. Traditional Russian costume

Circassian on horseback in complete armor

Circassian on horseback in complete armor 18th century.

THE opposite engraving represents a Circassian on horseback, in his complete armour, a description of which has been given in the preceding Plate. The Circassian clergy and learned men let the beard grow to its utmost length; the former generally wear a deep red turban, and scarlet breeches, somewhat longer than those of the latter. Although the Circassians are ignorant, and only nominal Mahometans, yet the few priests among them are highly respected. The Princes and Knights pursue no other occupation than war, pillage, and the amusements of the chase; they live a lordly life, wander about, assemble in drinking parties, and undertake military excursions. The Usdens, or Knights, keep the lower classes of people in proper subordination, pay no duties to the Prince, but are obliged to render personal services in war.

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Jean Paul Marat 1743-1793.

Jean Paul Marat. Portrait French Revolution History. Directoire costume

Jean Paul Marat 1743-1793. Radical journalist and politician during the French Revolution.

Jean Paul Marat 1743-1793. Portrait French Revolution History.

Jean Paul Marat was a physician, naturalist and author of scientific and political writings. During the French Revolution, he wrote the Ami du Peuple, Continue reading

Portrait of George IV as Prince of Wales.

Prince of Wales. George IV. King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Portrait French Revolution History

George IV as Prince of Wales. George Augustus Frederick; 1762–1830.

George IV as Prince of Wales 1762–1830.

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Portrait of James Harris, 1st Earl of Malmesbury.

James Harris, 1st, Earl, Malmesbury,English, diplomat, Portrait, French, Revolution, History

James Harris, 1st Earl of Malmesbury 1746–1820. English diplomat.

James Harris, 1st Earl of Malmesbury.

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William Huskisson 1770–1830. British statesman.

William Huskisson 1770–1830. British statesman. Portrait French Revolution History

William Huskisson 1770–1830. British statesman.

William Huskisson 1770–1830. British statesman.

The events of the French Revolution aroused his interest in politics. Huskisson was a member of the “Club of 1789”, whose members a transformation of France into a constitutional monarchy advocated. He became known as the first prominent deaths in a train accident when he was hit by the locomotive The Rocket and a few hours later succumbed to his injuries. On August 29, 1790, he delivered a widely acclaimed speech on the issue of assignats by the French government, which earned him the reputation of being a financial expert. From 1790 to 1792 he worked for the Marquess of Stafford, the then British Ambassador, and returned with him to London. In the UK, Huskisson soon received the support of two other influential politicians, Interior Minister Henry Dundas and Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger. Since Huskisson spoke fluent French, commissioned him Dundas in January 1793 with the enforcement of the Alien Act, which concerned mainly French refugees.

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George O’Brien Wyndham, 3rd Earl of Egremont 1751-1837.

Portrait George O'Brien Wyndham. French Revolution History. Directoire costume.

George O’Brien Wyndham, 3rd Earl of Egremont 1751-1837. British peer and a major landowner.

George O’Brien Wyndham, 3rd Earl of Egremont 1751-1837.

As a young man Wyndham was a playboy and had numerous affairs, including with Elizabeth Lamb. Especially known however, he was a patron, especially by William Turner. In 1802 he acquired a first paintings of Turner, which is known as Egremont Seapiece today. In the following years he acquired more images Turners, who was often a guest in Petworth House. Although with increasing age politically conservative, Wyndham was a close friend of the Whig opposition leader Charles James Fox and paid a portion of his gambling debts. Wyndham himself was politically not very active and rarely attended the meetings of the House of Lords. Wyndham was considered extremely generous and charitable. He supported the construction of hospitals, schools and the town hall of Petworth. He even put little value on status and titles, and often invited to eat simple peasant in his mansion one. For the people around Petworth he organized a grand celebration in his park, during which the largest in May 1834 6.000 people were boarded. The title Earl of Egremont inherited by his nephew George Francis Wyndham, but died without male heirs of 1845, so the title became extinct.

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Portrait of Grace Dalrymple Elliott (1754–1823).

Portrait Grace Dalrymple Elliott. French Revolution History. Directoire costume. Mistress.

Grace Dalrymple Elliott (1754–1823). Mistress of the Duke of Orléans.

Grace Dalrymple Elliott (1754–1823). Mistress of the Duke of Orléans.

Lady Grace Dalrymple Elliott born around 1754-1823, was a Scottish courtesan who witnessed the events of the French Revolution in France. She was the mistress of the Prince of Wales and later British King George IV., and of Louis-Philippe II. Joseph de Bourbon, duc d’Orléans.

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French Revolution street scene 1792

Directoire. French Revolution History. 18th century costumes

French Revolution street scene 1792

French Revolution street scene 1792.

Parisian citizen costumes during the reign of terror.

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Parisian women in Versailles. French Revolution History.

Women's March at 5th October 1789. French Revolution History. 18th century costumes

Louis XVI. receives parisian women in Versailles. Women’s March at 5th October 1789

Parisian women in Versailles. French Revolution History.

Louis XVI receives parisian women in Versailles. Women’s March at 5th October 1789.

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18th century regency shoe fastened by a ribbon tie.

Regency shoe fashion. Georgian Era. Jane Austen style.

Shoe fastened by a ribbon tie

18th century regency shoe from the Georgian Era.

PLATE XI.

THIS shoe is fastened by a ribbon tie, instead of the overlapping straps with ornamental buckle. It is made of plain black satin, with the silk binding that is usual at the present day. The heel is neatly shaped, and not of such extravagant height as that of other shoes of a corresponding date, probably about the middle or end of the last century ; toe pointed.

Gallery: Ladies’ old-fashioned shoes by T. Watson Greig 1885.