Category Archives: 18th Century

Costume and Fashion History during the 18th Century. Clothing of the Late Baroque, Rococo, Louis XV, Louis XVI, Rose Bertin Minister of Fashion at the court of Marie Antoinette. The French Revolution fashion period of Incroyables and Merveilleuses. The Georgians and Regency period.

Marie Leczinska 1725-1768. Coiffure Rococo period.

Queen of France. Marie Leczinska. French Ancien Régime fashion. Coiffure Rococo period.

Marie Leczinska

Marie Leczinska 1725-1768. Coiffure Louis XV period.

Maria Karolina Zofia Felicja Leszczyńska from the polish noble Leszczynski was by marriage to Louis XV. Queen of France. Mary was a very devout Catholic, of good health and was considered a good-natured and undemanding. She is described as not just beautiful, most handsome and as short stature but because of their dignified education, she was also quite witty. The wedding with Louis XV. was on 5 September 1725 celebrated in Fontainebleau. Many French and foreign princes attended the magnificent ceremony in which the bride wore a violet velvet, jeweled royal robe, a diadem and an eleven-meter-long train, carried by three noble ladies. Louis XV. and Maria got in the first twelve years of marriage ten children, three of whom have died in infancy.

„Album de coiffures histories“ by E. Nissy. Published 1890 by Albert Brunet.

German citizen woman with child in 1710.

Women and child dresses.

German citizen woman with child

German citizen woman with child in 1710, early 18th century.

Citizen woman with child in city clothes of the German Rococo, Baroque period. A style mix of different eras. The clear rigor of Spanish fashion in combination of Renaissance elements of the farthingale and finally the Gothic headgear.

Comtesse du Barry 1743-1793.

Marie Jeanne, comtesse du Barry. French Ancien Régime fashion. Coiffure Rococo period.

Marie Jeanne, comtesse du Barry. Coiffure Louis XV.

Marie Jeanne, comtesse du Barry (Marie Jeanne Bécu) 1743-1793.

Mistress of the French King Louis XV. Marie-Jeanne Bécu came from a poor family. She was the illegitimate daughter of a seamstress Anne Bécu and the Franciscan Jean Baptiste Casimir Gomard de Vaubernier. Under the name of Mademoiselle Lange, she worked in the establishment of Madame Gourdan. There she noticed to Count Jean-Baptiste du Barry on. By marrying his brother Guillaume du Barry they tried to hide their origins. This was planned by Count Jean-Baptiste du Barry, who intended to convey the 18-year-old as the aging king’s mistress, to increase its own influence in the court.

Portrait Comtesse du Barry. French Revolution History. Directoire costume

Jeanne Bécu, comtesse du Barry 1743-1793. Victim of the Reign of Terror.

The influence of Madame du Barry at the court of France was limited more or less to personal intrigue. On his deathbed, the king ordered in 1774 to ban them in a monastery, although Madame du Barry had until recently kept him sacrificing. The Countess was brought to the Abbey Pont-aux-Dames in Couilly, where she lived more than a year before she was allowed to move in October 1775 in her home in Saint-Vrain (Essonne). 1776, they returned to royal command again to her palace Louveciennes (Château de Madame du Barry) at Versailles back. After the outbreak of the French Revolution was robbed her castle in January 1791. Marie-Jeanne du Barry was on 8 December 1793 on the Place de la Révolution executed by the guillotine. In contrast to Louis XVI. and Marie Antoinette her execution was unusually humiliating. Many artists were inspired by the life of Madame du Barry and immortalized them in her novels, paintings, films and music.

Comtesse du Barry French Rococo costume. France 18th century clothing. Louis XV Ancien Régime fashion. Court Dress in Versailles

Comtesse du Barry 1770

Terracotta bust Madame du Barry. Augustin Pajou. French school. Marquis Alfred Lau d'Allemans.

Madame du Barry bust

Terra cotta bust of Madame du Barry by Augustin Pajou.

XVIII Century. French school. (Louis XV.) Collection of Marquis Alfred Lau d’Allemans (from 1833 to 1919). Bust of Mme Du Barry. Terra cotta by Augustin Pajou 1730-1809.

Every one knows madame Du Barry`s history, but every few are acquaunted with her bust sculpted by Pajou. Before executing in marple the bust to be seen in the Louvre, this artist modelled one in terra cota, and exposed it at the Exhibition of the Fine arts, in 1771. It is this very bust wich we have drwan and engraved. It is one of infinite delicacy, sprightly and pleasant to the eye. At the sight of it, one feels that its likeness is perfect, and is rather tempted to excuse the infatuation of old king Lous XV.
The sculptors of the XVIIIth. century, wanding in real grandness, were not, at least, deficient in intelligence. They promptly perceived how much the clay was ready to give a shape to their wildest fancies; and nearly every one of them has left nice busts nicely execudet. This one of the most remarkable, and one that gives a sufficient explanation of the strange fortune of the lively model.

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Morning and Afternoon dresses july 1796. Heideloff`s Gallery of Fashion.

Afternoon dresses july 1796. Heideloff Gallery of Fashion. England Georgian period clothes. Regency costumes.

Morning and Afternoon dresses July 1796.

Morning and Afternoon dresses july 1796. Heideloff`s Gallery of Fashion.


The front and side hair combed straight; the hind hair in ringlets.
Foundling cap of clear muslin, trimmed with rose-coloured riband in small round puffs; large bow-in the front, and a small one behind. Round gown of light green muslin, trimmed with an apple-green riband. Short full puckered sleeves. Sash of apple-green riband. Straw-coloured gloves. Narrow white lace ruff round the neck. Large hoop gold ear-rings. Light yellow shoes.


The toupee in small curls; the hind hair turned up in four small loops. the ends returned in ringlets, crossed in two parts with a silver riband, and looped with a large diamond pin; a wreath and bouquet of flowers ‘in the toupee. Round gown of white clear muslin; chemise sleeves, festooned with lace, and tied with riband; braided back, bound round the neck with
a broad white riband, and a plaiting of lace. White silk shoes. Diamond ear-rings.

Gallery of Fashion Vol. 3, 1795-1796. Published by Nicolaus Wilhelm von Heideloff, London.