Fashion under the French Revolution & Directoire Period 1789 to 1802.
Table of content.
1789 Fashion in Paris before the taking of the Bastille – Mademoiselle Berthin – 1791 Fashion under the French Revolution – 1794 Fashion reverts to the Greek and Roman period – Disappearance of Louis XVI costumes – Paleness in vogue – Beauties à la Psyche – Varieties of hair-dressing at the commencement of the Directoire – Perruques came into fashion – The painter David, the revolutionary painter apostate – Debate on reformation costume – The Cothurn – The “Merveilleuses” – Greek robes – Roman dresses – Copé, the noted shoemaker
Reign of Napoleon I. 1804 to 1814.
French First Empire fashion. (England Regency, Georgian fashion period)
German and French Empire fashion. Regency period. First third of the 19th Century.
Top row left to right: German and French fashion. Costumes of 1809 bis 1812. Right: German and French fashion. Costumes of the years 1802 1803 and 1804.
Bottom row left to right: German and French fashion. Costumes of 1802 bis 1804. Right: German and French fashion. Costumes of 1808 and 1809. Empire style.
On the history of costumes. Münchener Bilderbogen. Edited by Braun and Schneider 1860.
Greco Roman Classical Antiquity.
Antique Greco Roman Culture
Coiffure Fantaisie Empire. Madame Lebrun. 19th century fashion.
French empire hairstyle.
„Album de coiffures histories“ by E. Nissy. Published 1890 by Albert Brunet.
Marie Louise Élisabeth Vigée-Lebrun 1755 -1842 was a French painter of classicism. She is said to have been one of the most beautiful women of Paris at a young age. At 15 she earned her money through professional portraits. 1778, she made a portrait of Marie Antoinette, deeply impressed by her knowledge, placed an order for more portraits of the royal family.
1783, she became a member of the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture against fierce resistance on the part of the male members. Only by order of Louis XVI. they were forced to after Marie-Antoinette had asked him to. During the French Revolution, on the night of the 6th Oktober 1789 they fled first to Italy, then to Austria and finally exiled to Russia. In each of these countries, they quickly found access to the local nobility and courtyards. She produced numerous portraits which earned her a stately income. In 1802, after 12 years, she returned to Paris.
Read online: Memoirs of Madame Vigée Lebrun by Elisabeth Vigée Le Brun
Free Ebooks: Memoirs of Madame Vigée Lebrun / translated by Lionel Strachey; illustrated with reproductions of paintings by the authoress (1903)
Souvenirs de Madame Louise-Élisabeth Vigée-Lebrun Volume 1 Volume 2 (French)
Heroines of French society in the court, the revolution, the empire and the restoration – Bearne, Catherine Mary Charlton, d. 1923.
I. Madame Vigée Le Brun.–II. La marquise de Montagu.–III. Madame Tallieu.–IV. Madame de Genlis