Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham (1536-1624) was an English statesman and admiral. He was the son of William Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Effingham and Margaret Gamage, a daughter of Sir Thomas Gamage. His great-grandfather was Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk. He was since 1575 Knight of the Garter. On 8 July 1585 Howard was appointed Lord High Admiral. A year later he was involved in the trial of Mary Stuart. 1587 he was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the British fleet, which was arrayed against the Spanish Armada, appointed, although he was then not directly involved in the fight against the Spanish Armada. His flagship was the Ark Royal. In 1596 he commanded together with Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, the expedition that pillaged Cádiz. In July 1597 he became Chief Justice in Eyre south of the Trent. In 1601 he was responsible for the crackdown on the Essex Rebellion. Howard died in 1624 at the age of 88 years. The title of Earl of Nottingham became extinct with the death of his younger son Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Nottingham, in the year 1681.
Philip Herbert. Earl of Pembroke & Montgomery 1650
Philip Herbert. Earl of Pembroke & Montgomery 1650.
Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke and 1st Earl of Montgomery (1584-1650) was an English courtier and politician active during the reigns of James I and Charles I. Philip and his older brother William were the ‘incomparable pair of brethren’ to whom the First Folio of Shakespeare’s collected works was dedicated in 1623.
Henry Howard, 1st Earl of Northampton (1540 – 1614) was a significant English aristocrat and courtier. He built Northumberland House in London and superintended the construction of the fine house of Audley End. He founded and planned several hospitals. He was the second son of the famous Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey (1516-1547) at the Tower of London) was an English nobleman and poet. The Earl of Surrey was the eldest son of Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, and his second wife, Lady Elizabeth Stafford, daughter of Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham. In 1546 he was arrested with his father and unjustly accused of treason. On 19 January 1547 Howard, Earl of Surrey was beheaded. Howard’s poems appeared in 1557 along with those of Thomas Wyatt. At Henry’s famous relatives were among his cousins Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard, the second and fifth wife of Henry VIII, both of which were executed by her royal husband in the years 1536 or 1542.
Related: Louis XIII. Ancien Régime. Renaissance, Baroque, Tudor fashion era.
Elisabeth, Queen of Bohemia, Daughter of James the First, 1662.
Elisabeth Queen of Bohemia, Daughter of James the First, 1662.
Elizabeth Stuart (1596 – 1662) was Princess of England and Scotland, and by her marriage to Frederick V of the Palatinate, the Winter King, 1613-1623 Electoral Princess Palatine and Queen of Bohemia from 1619 to 1620. Because Frederick V was able to assert itself as a Bohemian king for a year, Elizabeth had to go with him into exile in 1621 in the Netherlands, where she lived for 40 years. Become a widow in 1632, she struggled in particular, that her eldest surviving son, Charles Louis, the Palatinate got back. But it was only in 1648, he received it on a reduced scale. After the restoration of the Stuarts in 1661 she could return to home, where she died the following year. The picture presents her as Bohemian queen. It was probably in 1635, made in the Dutch exile after the death of her husband.
Free eBook: Memoirs of Elizabeth Stuart, queen of Bohemia, daughter of King James the First. Including sketches of the state of society in Holland and Germany, in the 17th century.
Top row left to right: Anna, Countess of Chesterfield 1640. Gentleman of the court of Charles II 1665. Duke of Newcastle 1646. Right: William Villiers Viscont of Grandison 1640. Royalist soldier 1649. Nobleman 1649. Bottom row left: Slingsby Bethel, Sheriff of London 1680. Cavalier under Charles II 1680. Duchess of Cleveland 1675. Right: James Marquis of Hamilton 1620. English citizens 1645. Francis Duchess of Richmond 1620. Palace Guard 1625. Baroque period, Galante Conduite.
Top row left: court dress of Françoise Marie de Bourbon, Duchess of Orleans, 1702. Palace Guard, called la manche, under Louis XV. of France, 1724. Right: Marie Anna of Bavaria as Crown Princess of France. Court costume 1679. Young elegant man in 1670. Bottom row left: Hedwig Sophie, Princess of Sweden, Duchess of Holstein in 1700. Elisabeth of Brunswick 1707. Right: Duchess of Portsmouth 1694. (Miss of Keroul). Maria Anna of Bavaria 1694. French palace guard in 1670.
Top row left: Women from Strasbourg and Basel 1644. Right: Women from Munich, Nuremberg and Vienna. Bottom row left: Women from Frankfurt am Main from the Palatinate. Woman from Swabia in 1644. Right: maids clothes. Middle-class woman from Cologne. Matron.
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