Official Swiss garb of a teacher in the Baroque period, 17th century.
The man is dressed in a justaucorps (Souquenille), a waistcoat, Rhinegraves pants (vaste rhingrave), buckled shoes, the Spanish collar, on the side a rapier, the sleeves of the shirt are fringed with lace, an allonge wig and tricorn hat.
Related Gallery: Costumes suisses des 22 cantons. Dessinés d’apres nature et lithographiés et coloriées, par Yves Grether. Paris chez Wild, Èditeur 1860.
Swiss suit or traditional costume of a bridesmaid in the Baroque period 1680.
Françoise d’Aubigné, marquise de Maintenon, briefly called Madame de Maintenon was the last mistress and in morganatic marriage, the second wife of Louis XIV of France.
After the death of his wife, Queen Maria Theresa of Austria in October 1683, Louis XIV went to the Maintenon secretly a left-handed marriage (The right hand is the oath hand, the hand of the marriage alliance. The left-handed marriage granted the wife in the aristocratic society not full marriage rights, but was merely a special form of concubinage. Not a full legally binding marriage, morganatic marriage, not befitting). Until his death, he lived with her and visited her every day in their rooms. The unclear relationship to the outside of the two and the fact that she was a little older than him, led to some talk on the court and in Europe.
In 1685 founded Madame de Maintenon in the town of Saint-Cyr-l’École (Arrondissement Versailles) a boarding school, Maison royale de Saint-Louis, for 300 daughters of impoverished noblemen – the Maison Royale de Saint-Louis. There she retired after the death of the king in 1715, without ever having to leave the place again. The tomb of Madame de Maintenon lies in the Chapel.
Élisabeth de Bourbon (Spanish Isabel de Borbón y Médicis; 1602-1644) was a princess of France and the first woman of the Hapsburg Philip IV 1621-1644 Queen of Spain and 1621 to 1640 queen of Portugal. Elizabeth was the eldest daughter of Henry IV. Of France and his second wife, Maria de ‘Medici. As the oldest princess, she received the traditional honorary title Madame Royale at court. In her new home Élisabeth was designated the Spanish form of her name, Isabel,. Her brother Louis XIII. should be see never again. She is considered as great patron of the Spanish literature in its golden age.
From the book: “Album de coiffures histories“ by E. Nissy. Published 1890 by Albert Brunet.
Gallery of “Album de coiffures histories“
French Ancien Régime, Rococo era. „Album de coiffures histories“ by E. Nissy. Published 1890 by Albert Brunet.
Historic French renaissance hairstyles. Marie de’ Medici, Queen of France 1575-1642.
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