Category Archives: Carolingian

Charles the Fat encamped under the walls of Paris


Carolingian king Charles III. 9th century clothing. Viking Battle.

Charles the Fat encamped under the walls of Paris, 9th century.

Charles the Fat encamped under the walls of Paris, 9th century.

Charles the Fat, Charles III, Carolingian Emperor encamped under the walls of Paris without daring to fight the Normans preferred to buy their retirement with money.

Charles le gros campa sous les murs de Paris sans oser combattre les Normands préférant acheter leur retraite à prix d’argent.

Charles III. (839-888) from the noble family of the Carolingian was 876-887 East Frankish king, 879-887 King of Italy, from 882 rulers in Bavaria, Franconia and Saxony, 885-888 West Frankish king and 881-888 Roman Emperor. The non-contemporary nickname of thickness he wore according to present knowledge wrongly. In the German rulers lists he is known as the third, but not in French lists. Charles applicable in the science of history as a “weak” sovereign, but this may also be related to his illness; probably he suffered from epilepsy.

From the book: Paris à travers les siècles. Histoire nationale de Paris et des Parisiens depuis la fondation de Lutèce jusqu’à nos jours, by Nicolas Jules Henri Gourdon de Genouillac. Published 1879.

Associated to:

  1. The Byzantine Varangian Guards. Viking Chiefs of the 5th Century.
  2. Alfred the Great. The first English king.
  3. King Harold II. Last Anglo-Saxon king of England.
  4. The Carolingian Period 752-987. Reign of Charlemagne.
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Woman of the Carolingian Period about 890 to 900.


Carolingian costume history. Middle ages costumes

Woman of the Carolingian Period. 890 to 900

Woman of the Carolingian Period about 890 to 900.

Reign of Louis II. 846 – 879 (Louis the Stammerer. French: Louis le Bègue) eldest son of Charles the Bald. Charles III 879 – 929 (Called the Simple or the Straightforward).

Femme de l’Époque Carolingienne vers 890 a 900.

From the book: Costumes civils et militaires des Français à travers les siècles. 1883. Author: Jean Baptiste Marie Augustin Challamel. Engraver: Meunier, Jean-Baptiste. Ouvrage couronné par l’Académie francaise.

Associated to:

  1. The Gallic and Gallo-Roman costume period.
  2. Frankish Merovingian costume history 4th and 5th century.
  3. Byzantine costume history. 5th to 6th century.
  4. Carolingian Period 752-987.
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Carolingian Lord going to hunt with bird. 7th century.

Carolingian Lord, Slave, Servants costumes. 7th century

Carolingian Lord going to hunt with bird.

Carolingian Lord going to hunt with bird. 7th century.

Slaves, Servants of Culture. Reign of Louis I. 778-840 called Louis the Pious, son of Charlemagne.

Laboureurs des champs. Seigneur allant à la chasse à l’oiseau. Esclaves, Serviteurs de Culture. (Du Ve au VIIe siècle, d’après une miniature de la Bibliotèque nationale.)

From the book: Costumes civils et militaires des Français à travers les siècles. 1883. Author: Jean Baptiste Marie Augustin Challamel. Engraver: Meunier, Jean-Baptiste. Ouvrage couronné par l’Académie francaise.

Illustration by Augustin Challamel

Associated to:

  1. The Gallic and Gallo-Roman costume period.
  2. Frankish Merovingian costume history 4th and 5th century.
  3. Byzantine costume history. 5th to 6th century.
  4. Carolingian Period 752-987.
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Capetian noblewoman costume 12th century

Capetian dynasty. Noblewoman costume. French Middle ages fashion.

Capetian noblewoman 12th century.

Capetian noblewoman costume around 1190 to 1180, 12th century.

Noble Capétienne, Vers 1180 A 1190. From the book: Costumes civils et militaires des Français à travers les siècles. 1883. Author: Jean Baptiste Marie Augustin Challamel. Engraver: Meunier, Jean-Baptiste. Ouvrage couronné par l’Académie francaise.

Associated to:

  1. The Carolingian Period 987 to 1270.
  2. Fashion of the Middle Ages from 1037 to 1461.
  3. Frankish Fashions. The Ladies of Old France.
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Merovingian queen costume from the 5th to the 8th century.

Merovingian queen costume. Middle ages clothing.

Merovingian queen from the fifth to the eighth century.

Merovingian queen costume from the fifth to the eighth century.

Reine Mérovingienne, Du Ve Au Viiie Siècle. “D’après les sculptures de la cathédrale de Chartres.” From the book: Costumes civils et militaires des Français à travers les siècles. 1883. Author: Jean Baptiste Marie Augustin Challamel. Engraver: Meunier, Jean-Baptiste. Ouvrage couronné par l’Académie francaise.

Associated to:

  1. Frankish Merovingian costume history 4th and 5th century.
  2. Byzantine costume history. 5th to 6th century.
  3. Costumes of Carolingians in the 7th and 8 Century.
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Byzantine silk fabric by the mantle of St. Fridolin

Sassanid pattern. Byzantine period silk fabric. Carolingian clothing.

Byzantine period with Sassanid pattern

Byzantine silk fabric by the mantle of St. Fridolin 4th to 8th century.

Silk fabric multicolored stronger in body formation. Pattern opposite, orderly rows of large circles. Each of them is formed by an ornamental band, white with colored flowers and leaves.
In every circle on red background two Amazons warriors on horseback shooting backwards turned on a panther. The circles are occupied at the contact points with small rosette fields.

The spandrels between the circles contained on purple blue Basically a yellow diamond pattern with red flowers. The fabric comes from the church to Säckingen and is considered Coat of Saint Fridolin, the other residues are the same there blended and used in new garments of splendor. In every circle on a red background two Amazons are shown.

The pattern shows a transformation of a Sassanid pattern of VI-VII. Century. The fabric itself belongs to the Byzantine period of the VII.-VIII. Century.

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Gallery: On the history of costumes. From Ancient to the 19th century.

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Frankish Merovingian costume history 4th and 5th century

Clotilde Frankish queen. Merovingian costume history 5th century.

Saint Clotilde woman of King Clovis I.

Frankish Merovingian costume history 4th and 5th century.

Costume of the Early Franks.

Costume Merovingian Frankish warrior 4th century.

Fig. 99. Frankish warrior 4th century

Our earliest knowledge of the Franks after their settlement in Gaul is gained from the historian Sidonius Apollinaris (430-488). He describes them as “monsters,” and “from the top of their red skulls descends their hair, knotted on the front and shaved in the nape of the neck. Their chins are shaven, and instead of a beard they have locks of hair arranged with the comb” (moustaches) (see Fig. 99). He relates that they had large strong limbs, and wore a tight-fitting tunica to the knee, with a wide girdle round their “lean stomachs.” To hurl their two-edged axes, turn their shields round and round, and to bear down the enemy before their spears was child’s play to them.

Merovingian warrior costume

Merovingian warrior c. 600 A.D.

Merovingian warrior costume

Merovingian warrior c. 600 A.D.

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Middle Ages Shoes Fashion 10th to 15th century

Middle Ages Shoes Fashion 10th to 15th century. Medieval costumes. Carolingian dresses

Shoes 10th to 15th century

Middle Ages Shoes Fashion 10th to 15th century.  French Fashion History.

L’HISTOIRE DU COSTUME FÉMININ FRANÇAIS. CHAUSSURES. MOYEN-AGE. – Planche 11.

  1. Patin retenu par des courroies, et chaussure basse fin du XIe siecle,
  2. Poulaine à pointe flexible attachée par des chaînettes. La corne dite pigasse est terminée par un grelot ou une fleur (1420).
  3. Chaussure a la poulaine reposant sur patin de bois retenu par une bride brodée (1422).
  4. Soulier du frère de saint Louis en 1245. Tissu bleu brodé de rosettes d’or.
  5. Botte avec poulaine et patin, dame de la noblesse (1420).
  6. Chaussure du Xe siècle, entourée d’un ruban, ornée d’orfèvrerie.
  7. Ordre de la Jarretière (1349). Edouard III et comtesse de Salisbury.
  8. Chausse de drap, Femme de Henry de Mez (1265), recouverte de galon de cuir,
  9. Chausse de drap bleu recouverte de galons de cuir (XI- siècle),
  10. Jupe drapée sur le côté (1322), ornée de langues de chat.
  11. ]upe d’Alix de Norsy (1300), double jupe drapée doublée d’hermine.
  12. Sceptre de Charlemagne.
  13. Jupe formant tunique, ornée de galons brodés (1149).
  14. Bannière des Maîtres Cordonniers, bleu-jaune.

Gallery: The Modes of the Middle Ages. The History of Female French Costume by Paul Louis Victor de Giafferri.

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Gallery: On the history of costumes. From Ancient to the 19th century.

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Middle Age dresses 10th to 15th century.

Middle Age costume history. French Medieval fashion. Cotte hardie

Costumes 10th to 15th century

Middle Age dresses 10th to 15th century.

L’HISTOIRE DU COSTUME FÉMININ FRANÇAIS. ROBES. MOYEN-AGE. – Planche 2.

  1. Cotte hardie, Th. de Rousmer (1264). Larges emmanchures, Perse bleu foncé, boutons jaunes.
  2. Princesse (1000), robe verte, bordée d’un galon de passementerie or, la sous-jupe et la manche ajustée en brocart rouge ainsi que la coiffure également bordée d’un galon or, voile blanc.
  3. Dame noble (1100), robe rayée vert et rouge, ceinture d’or, sous-jupe violet avec motifs noirs. Voile châtaigne et pierreries.
  4. Houppelande avec chaperon (1372). Rouge, doublure gris perle. Robe bleue.
  5. Manteau d’Agnès de Méranie, gris doublé d’hermine, attache en cuir, robe violette (1223).
  6. Femme élégante sous Charles VIII (1483), franges de poil de chèvre comme garniture. Robe vert foncé.
  7. Pelicon, manteau d’après-midi Michelle Papelart, bourgeoise de Châlons (1258), teinte marron.
  8. Renaud de Saint – Vincent (1260). Manteau à panneau devant. Capulet bleu, manteau gris.
  9. Noble dame sous Charlemagne (768). Robe violet clair, ceinture de joaillerie, broderies de couleur. Bordure de fourrure au décolleté et aux manches.
  10. Robe (1142), rose, broderie or, en dessous chemise blanche.
  11. Barmière armoiriée de la Communauté des marchands tisserands de la Ville de Paris fond bleu cobalt, navette blanche et noire.

Gallery: The Modes of the Middle Ages. The History of Female French Costume by Paul Louis Victor de Giafferri.

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Gallery: On the history of costumes. From Ancient to the 19th century.

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The German Royal Costume. Coronation Robes of the German Emperors

Medieval Coronation Robes. The German Royal Costume.

German Royal Costume. 11th century clothing. Medieval emperor coronation robes. Middle ages costumes.

Fig.1. German Royal Costume

The robes with which the German kings were invested at their coronation in Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle), and from 1711 onward in Frankfort-on-the-Main, and which, together with crown, sceptre, and orb, etc., composed the Imperial regalia (Fig. 1.), are as follows:

The Dalmatica

(1) The dalmatica (Fig. 2.), a magnificent under-garment of violet colored material, closed all round and reaching to the knees. The neck has a border of braid, and can be made lower by means of a gold cord that passes round it. The sleeves are long, and cut very narrow in front; they are embroidered with leaf devices in gold and pearls. The hem has similar ornamentation.

German Emperors Coronation Robes Dalmatica. Medieval clothing. 11th century costume.

Fig. 2. Cut of the Dalmatica.

The Alba

(2) The alba (Fig. 3.), worn over the dalmatica. It takes its name from its color. It is of white silk material, a kind of thick taffeta of good quality. It is like a chorister’s surplice, and very wide at the foot. The sleeves are slightly pointed, and ornamented with broad stripes of gold and pearls on the shoulders, at the wrists, and in front at the neck, where there are two gold cords. At the foot is a very wide hem divided into five horizontal stripes. The first and fourth of these stripes have various lines, which look like moire. In the second and the lowest of the stripes is a Latin inscription, and in the middle stripe (the broadest) there is ornamental embroidery. From the inscription it appears that this robe was made in Palermo in the year 1181, in the fifteenth year of the reign of William II, King of Sicily, the son of King William I. Presumably it came to be part of the German Imperial treasures through the Emperor Henry VI, who married an aunt of William II, or through Henry’s son, Frederick II, who had become heir to the kingdom of Sicily.

German Emperors Coronation Robes. The Alba. 11th century clothing. Middle ages costume.

Fig.3. Cut of the Alba.

The Stola

(3) The stola, a long, narrow strip of violet silk richly studded with pearls and precious stones. From both ends depend three long tassels of gold. The king who was to be crowned had this stola put round his neck over the alba in the vestry. It was crossed over the breast and fastened with a girdle.

The Pluviale or Pallium

(4) The pluviale, or pallium, is a mantle reaching to the feet, open in front, having at the top a golden clasp; it has a sash studded with stones and kept in place by a pin thrust through it. The mantle is made of red silk lined with taffeta. A tree-like decoration edged with diamonds divides it longitudinally into two halves. On each half is embroidered in pearls and gold a large lion, with a camel beneath it. The neck of the mantle is low, and has a hem of gold braid. The garment is so made that it has to be put on over the head. The braid, edged with stones and pearls, goes round the neck and down the front on both sides to the foot. In the angles formed by the braid at each side of the neck a rose is embroidered in small stones and surrounded by pearls. Along the foot of the mantle, between two double rows of pearls, an Arabic inscription is embroidered in gold lettering.
Probably this mantle was part of the spoil brought from the Holy Land by the Emperor Frederick I, or by his son Frederick, Duke of Swabia, afterward finding its way among the Sicilian royal treasures through the Emperor Henry VI, who in 1186 married Constantia, sister of William I, King of Sicily, and finally being added to the German treasures through the Emperor Frederick II, son of Henry VI. A large part of these treasures was lost in the year 1248, when the Parmese conquered the city of Vittoria.

German Emperors Coronation Mantle. Medieval clothing. Middle ages costume.

German Emperors Coronation Mantle

(5) The gloves are knitted in purple silk and decorated with pearls and precious stones.
(6) The stockings are of red silk, with a fairly broad stripe braided with gold at the top.
(7) The shoes are of dull satin, cornelian red, and embroidered with gold and pearls. The soles, inside and out, are covered with red saffian.

(8) Two girdles, which were used to lift the robes from the ground. One is of spun silk, cornelian red, made like galloon braid, with lettering in gold thread. The ends of this girdle are decorated with lion-heads stamped out of sheet gold and with five gold buttons hanging from five triple strings. Each of the lions has a pearl in his maw. The other girdle is made of silver-gilt thread, and has a buckle of gold.

See also: Coronation Dalmatica of German Emperor Henry II.

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Gallery: On the history of costumes. From Ancient to the 19th century.

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Medieval Franks dress of the 10th Century.

Middle ages costumes. Frankish King, Queen, Noble ladies, King Charles the Bald, Page, Court scribe, Emperor Henry II, Bishop.

Medieval Franks dress of the 10th Century.

Medieval Franks dress of the 10th Century.

Top row left: Frankish king and queen. Right: Frankish noble ladies.
Bottom row left to right: King Charles the Bald with Empire insignia. Page and court scribe. Right: Emperor Henry II and Frankish bishop.

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Gallery: On the history of costumes. From Ancient to the 19th century.

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Medieval Clothes in 5th to 10th Century.

Medieval Clothes. Warriors Eastern Roman Empire, Byzantium. Frankish noble ladies. Emperor Charles the Great and Empress. Frankish court costumes

Medieval Clothes in 5th to 10th Century.

Medieval Clothes in V to X. Century.

Top row left: warriors in armor, helmet, shield, swords and lances of the Eastern Roman Empire, Byzantium. Right: Clothing Frankish noble ladies. Emperor Charles the Great and Empress.
Bottom row left: Carolingian Frankish court costumes. Right: Pre-Christian time. Clothing of the old Egyptians. Egyptian warrior. Egyptian King (Pharaoh) in war dress. Egyptian charioteer. (From Charlemagne survives no contemporary portrait. One of the oldest representations of Charles found in the Sacramentary of Charles the Bald from around 870, which shows him in the Carolingian clothing and thus provides a representative view of a high nobleman of the Carolingian period)

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Gallery: On the history of costumes. From Ancient to the 19th century.

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Costumes of Carolingians in the 7th and 8 Century.

Carolingians costumes of Maid of honor, Prophetess. Knight in armor, Bishop, Nobleman, Troubadour, Minstrel, Duke, King, Queen, General, Peasants.

Carolingians in the 7th and 8th Century.

Medieval Clothes of the Carolingians in the 7th and 8 Century.

Top row left: Maid of honor to the Empress. Carolingian queen. Prophetess. Right: Carolingian knights in armor and armament. Bishop and nobleman.
Bottom row left: Troubadour, minstrel. Carolingian duke and knight in armor and armament. Right: Carolingian king, General in armor and field banner. Carolingian peasants.

Drawing by Carl von Häberlin.

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Gallery: On the history of costumes. From Ancient to the 19th century.

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