Frankish Merovingian costume history 4th and 5th century.
Costume of the Early Franks.
Fig. 99. Frankish warrior 4th century
Our earliest knowledge of the Franks after their settlement in Gaul is gained from the historian Sidonius Apollinaris (430-488). He describes them as “monsters,” and “from the top of their red skulls descends their hair, knotted on the front and shaved in the nape of the neck. Their chins are shaven, and instead of a beard they have locks of hair arranged with the comb” (moustaches) (see Fig. 99). He relates that they had large strong limbs, and wore a tight-fitting tunica to the knee, with a wide girdle round their “lean stomachs.” To hurl their two-edged axes, turn their shields round and round, and to bear down the enemy before their spears was child’s play to them.
Medieval Coronation Robes. The German Royal Costume.
Fig.1. German Royal Costume
The robes with which the German kings were invested at their coronation in Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle), and from 1711 onward in Frankfort-on-the-Main, and which, together with crown, sceptre, and orb, etc., composed the Imperial regalia (Fig. 1.), are as follows: Continue reading →
Top row left: Frankish king and queen. Right: Frankish noble ladies. Bottom row left to right: King Charles the Bald with Empire insignia. Page and court scribe. Right: Emperor Henry II and Frankish bishop.
Top row left: warriors in armor, helmet, shield, swords and lances of the Eastern Roman Empire, Byzantium. Right: Clothing Frankish noble ladies. Emperor Charles the Great and Empress. Bottom row left: Carolingian Frankish court costumes. Right: Pre-Christian time. Clothing of the old Egyptians. Egyptian warrior. Egyptian King (Pharaoh) in war dress. Egyptian charioteer. (From Charlemagne survives no contemporary portrait. One of the oldest representations of Charles found in the Sacramentary of Charles the Bald from around 870, which shows him in the Carolingian clothing and thus provides a representative view of a high nobleman of the Carolingian period)
Medieval Clothes of the Carolingians in the 7th and 8 Century.
Top row left: Maid of honor to the Empress. Carolingian queen. Prophetess. Right: Carolingian knights in armor and armament. Bishop and nobleman. Bottom row left: Troubadour, minstrel. Carolingian duke and knight in armor and armament. Right: Carolingian king, General in armor and field banner. Carolingian peasants.
Life-size warrior figures in full armor and equipment.
Life-size warrior figures in full costume and equipment using individual original pieces. The reconstructions of the Gimbelschen weapons collection (Karl Gimbel) appeared in 1902 with illustrations and descriptions at Mittler and Son Berlin. Head and limbs of the figures are carved from wood, movable part, each piece is up to them removable. The main purpose is to show the different armor types.
Source: Karl Gimbel: The Reconstruction of the Gimbel’s collection of weapons, Berlin 1902.
Roman Legionary by the reliefs of Trajan’s column, Rome.
Gallic warrior of about 400-200 BC.
Greek Hoplite Warrior ca 600 BC.
Knight of the 12th Century in the leather strip armor.
Carolingian Frankish knight 9th-10th Century.
Merovingian Frankish warrior about 600 AD.
Karl Gimbel: Die Reconstructionen der Gimbel’schen Waffensammlung. Mittler-Verlag, Berlin 1902.
1. Römischer Legionär nach den Reliefs der Trajans Säule Rom. 2. Gallischer Krieger von ca. 400-200 vor Christi Geburt. 3. Griechischer Krieger Hoplite ca. 600 vor Christi Geburt. 4. Ritter aus dem 12. Jahrhundert im lederstreifigen Harnisch. 5. Karolingisch fränkischer Ritter 9.-10. Jahrhundert. 6. Merowingisch fränkischer Krieger ca 600 nach Christi Geburt.