Category Archives: Carolingian

French middle ages costumes. Charles II the Bald. Carolingian period.

French middle ages costumes. Medieval clothing. Carolingian period fashion. 9th century clothing.

Charles II the Bald

French middle ages costumes. Carolingian period 751-987.

Medieval costumes of Charles II the Bald  (823 –877 Holy Roman Emperor Charles II, King of West Francia), Military Leader, Knight in armor, Musician, Troubador.

Costumes Carolingian Period 752-987. Reign of Charlemagne.

Costumes Carolingian period. Middle Ages France Queens Dresses. French Medieval clothing.

France Queens in 752-987

THE CAROLINGIAN PERIOD 752-987. Medieval fashion history.

Table of content

Reign of Charlemagne – The women of the tenth century wear two tunics – Judith’s belt – A veil is obligatory – Miniatures in the Mazarin Library- Charles the Bald’s Bible Shoes – Dress of Queen Lutgarde – Dress of Rotrude and Bertha – Gisla and other kings women of the Emperor – The Successors of Charlemagne – Cannes – Adelaide of Vermandois – The dress of widows.  

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Medieval nobility clothing. Emperor Henry II. with bishop.

Medieval nobility clothing. Byzantine costume. 10th century dresses.

Emperor Henry II. with Frankish bishop

Medieval nobility clothing. Emperor Henry II., 1000 A.C.

Figure of Frankish King Henry II., 973-1024, called the saints and a Frankish bishop. 1004 Henry II. became king, and 1014 he was appointed emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. Crowned king of the Lombards in Italy. 1014 Henry II. was crowned emperor by Pope Benedict.

Charles II. the Bald. Carolingian 9th century clothing.

9th century clothing. Carolingian costumes. Medieval fashion dresses

Charles II. the Bald with two pages

King Charles II the Bald, with two pages. Medieval Carolingian clothing.

Charles II the Bald (born 823 † 877), was from the noble family of the Carolingians, West Frankish king and 875-877 King of Italy and Roman Emperor. Carolingian Period 751-987.

Medieval clothing 900 A.C. Frankish Noblewomen and Queen.

Frankish Queen 9th century clothing. Carolingian costumes. Medieval Noblewomen fashion dresses

Frankish Noblewomen and Queen

Medieval clothing 900 A.C. Frankish Noblewomen and Queen.

The dress of the women was strongly influenced by the Byzantine clothing. The Roman era in women’s clothing was based on ancient greece models.
The costumes were inspired by the tunic, which was decorated very expensive (nobility). It was worn without a belt and reached to the ankles. The women in the picture wearing the tunic as the upper and lower garment, the garment is shorter and ends with wide sleeves called a tablion. They were called cap sleeves, because the tip reached to the knees. It covers the entire arm. The noble women wore flat bonnets on a “Byzantine” is cloth that characterized the woman as being married. Unmarried women wore her hair loose, as a braid or a simple knot.






This headscarf played an important role and has been carefully designed. It was fixed by a headband, and on the breast with a brooch held together tightly so that it flowed around the chin. Until well into the 12th century, it remained fixed part of the female wardrobe. The decorative art of the Frankish, Germanic peoples at that time was already highly developed. Correspondingly was the jewelry such as earrings, bracelets and very valuable work for the nobility often artfully crafted from gold and precious stones. In this feudal era marked the position of the clothes the people. The material generally used linen and wool. The farmers were required by law as a dark fabrics, as written in the Chronicle Charlemagne the Great, is now evident that they differ from the nobles. At high levels, such as the nobility, the clothing was next to linen and wool, silk and brocade.

The manufacture of clothing was still in the house itself. Only with the rise of craft production in Germany joined together for the craftsmen’ guilds, the manufacture of clothing to the new guild of tailors was passed.
Until then, there were separate rooms in a stately home where the lady of the house, the servants in the manufacture of clothing, wool spinning, weaving of fabrics, to the embroidering of the sewn clothes, supervised.

Medieval clothing 10th century. German King and Queen.

Byzantine dresses. 10th century costumes. Medieval kings and queens clothing

German King and Queen of the Franks

Medieval Clothing, 10th century. Figure of a King and Queen of the Franks, about 900 AC.

In the Carolingian period, had the clothes on significant regional differences. This was because the connection between the nations was still trained very rudimentary. The exceptions were mostly traders and military feuds.
The Medieval clothing was still strongly influenced by Rome and Byzantium, and in male clothes, they also mingled with Germanic clothing. The robes was worn strictly according to the respective registry. A peasant or the rural population was, as the nobility immediately recognizable by his attire. While the ordinary people in addition to the skin cause wool, linen, hemp and nettle used, the upper classes used expensive imported fabrics such as silk and precious brocades.
The dominant part of male clothing was the swivel, a rectangular cloak that reached to the calves and the front was held together with a brooch. The normal population was the swivel up to the knees.
Including a woolen coat which was usually worn belt and a vest. A kind of underpants, the Brouche, which consisted mostly of linen. The legs were wrapped with towels, sewn to leather shoes. The Kings coronation Mantle, from Roman Paludamentum (General’s cloak), pictured here is studded with a precious lace.

The Carolingian Fashion Period 987 to 1270.

Middle Ages costumes. French queens clothing. Charlemagne Carolingian fashion.

French queens costumes 10th to 11th century

The Carolingian Fashion Period 987 to 1270.

Table of content

Earliest times of the Carolingian period — Variety of costume in the provinces — Fashions in the Duchy of France — French taste dating from the eleventh century — Luxury increases with each generation — The dominical —The “bliaud” — Canes of apple-wood — Women in the twelfth century — Headdresses — “Afiche” — Serpent-tails — Pelisses — The thirteenth century — “Greves” and veils are in fashion — The “couvre-chef” in the fourteenth century — The skirt, or “cotte-hardie,” surcoat, or overall, or overskirt, cape, trained skirt, and “gauze” — Accessories — Emblazoned gowns — Various kinds of stuffs.
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Carolingian Costumes. Frankish King, Military Leader, Knight.

Middle Ages costumes. 9th century clothing. Charlemagne Carolingian King, Knight in armor.

Carolingian King, Military Leader, Knight in armor, Citizen

Carolingian Costumes. Carolingian King, Military Leader, Knight in armor and Citizen. Carolingian Period 751-987

From this period are hardly get clothes. Conclusions are usually obtained by illumination or sculptures. The picture shows a Carolingian king with his sovereign regalia. He wears a crown and holding a stick as a scepter in his hand. Next to him stands a Carolingian military commander in armor and the commander’s staff. Ahead of them are ordinary citizens. The citizens demand that the king is a require arbitration of a contested matter.
The Carolingian fashion of the nobility is still strongly influenced by the Roman fashion, mixed with Germanic and Byzantine styles. The farmers or citizens wear a simple tunic which is belted at the waist. To wear Germanic trousers (Beinlinge) and boots. Leg warmers (Beinlinge) are a leg garment consisting of two legs, not connected. Leg wear are the predecessors of today’s trousers. It is a type of sock or pair of single legs. The leggings are held by ribbons or straps on a belt.
The commander wears armor, a helmet, a half-length trousers, a tunic and boots.The king wears the typical Romanic semicircular cloak over a belted tunic. He wears trousers and lacing shoes.