French carolingian queen and king 10th century. Ceremonial robes.
Source: “Modes et Costumes Historiques“. Drawing by Xavier Willemin. Edited and steel engraving by Hippolyte Louis Emile and Polidor Jean Charles Pauquet. Published by Cassell, Petter & Galpin London, 1864
Clotilde or Chrodechild (475–545), princess of Burgundy, was the second wife of Merovingian Frankish king Clovis I (Salian Frankish dynasty), and by this marriage, Queen of the Franks. She confessed to Catholicism and contributed to the decision in Clovis, also accept this form of Christianity. After the death of Clovis in 511 Clotilde founded monasteries and churches. She became, like her husband and her daughter buried in the Church of the Apostles in Paris, the later church of Sainte-Geneviève. Saint Clothilde as she is honored as patroness of women and notaries. She is often represented with a model of the church and a book, donating the poor. Her celebration is the 3rd June. Clotilde is revered as sacred by the Church.
Source: “Modes et Costumes Historiques“. Edited by Hippolyte Louis Emile and Polidor Jean Charles Pauquet. Published by Cassell, Petter & Galpin London, 1864
THE CAROLINGIAN PERIOD 752-987. Medieval fashion history.
Table of content
Reign of Charlemagne – The women of the tenth century wear two tunics – Judith’s belt – A veil is obligatory – Miniatures in the Mazarin Library- Charles the Bald’s Bible Shoes – Dress of Queen Lutgarde – Dress of Rotrude and Bertha – Gisla and other kings women of the Emperor – The Successors of Charlemagne – Cannes – Adelaide of Vermandois – The dress of widows. Continue reading →
Medieval nobility clothing. Emperor Henry II., 1000 A.C.
Figure of Frankish King Henry II., 973-1024, called the saints and a Frankish bishop. 1004 Henry II. became king, and 1014 he was appointed emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. Crowned king of the Lombards in Italy. 1014 Henry II. was crowned emperor by Pope Benedict.
Medieval clothing 900 A.C. Frankish Noblewomen and Queen.
The dress of the women was strongly influenced by the Byzantine clothing. The Roman era in women’s clothing was based on ancient greece models. The costumes were inspired by the tunic, which was decorated very expensive (nobility). It was worn without a belt and reached to the ankles. The women in the picture wearing the tunic as the upper and lower garment, the garment is shorter and ends with wide sleeves called a tablion. They were called cap sleeves, because the tip reached to the knees. It covers the entire arm. The noble women wore flat bonnets on a “Byzantine” is cloth that characterized the woman as being married. Unmarried women wore her hair loose, as a braid or a simple knot.
This headscarf played an important role and has been carefully designed. It was fixed by a headband, and on the breast with a brooch held together tightly so that it flowed around the chin. Until well into the 12th century, it remained fixed part of the female wardrobe. The decorative art of the Frankish, Germanic peoples at that time was already highly developed. Correspondingly was the jewelry such as earrings, bracelets and very valuable work for the nobility often artfully crafted from gold and precious stones. In this feudal era marked the position of the clothes the people. The material generally used linen and wool. The farmers were required by law as a dark fabrics, as written in the Chronicle Charlemagne the Great, is now evident that they differ from the nobles. At high levels, such as the nobility, the clothing was next to linen and wool, silk and brocade.
The manufacture of clothing was still in the house itself. Only with the rise of craft production in Germany joined together for the craftsmen’ guilds, the manufacture of clothing to the new guild of tailors was passed. Until then, there were separate rooms in a stately home where the lady of the house, the servants in the manufacture of clothing, wool spinning, weaving of fabrics, to the embroidering of the sewn clothes, supervised.
Medieval Clothing, 10th century. Figure of a King and Queen of the Franks, about 900 AC.
In the Carolingian period, had the clothes on significant regional differences. This was because the connection between the nations was still trained very rudimentary. The exceptions were mostly traders and military feuds. The Medieval clothing was still strongly influenced by Rome and Byzantium, and in male clothes, they also mingled with Germanic clothing. The robes was worn strictly according to the respective registry. A peasant or the rural population was, as the nobility immediately recognizable by his attire. While the ordinary people in addition to the skin cause wool, linen, hemp and nettle used, the upper classes used expensive imported fabrics such as silk and precious brocades. The dominant part of male clothing was the swivel, a rectangular cloak that reached to the calves and the front was held together with a brooch. The normal population was the swivel up to the knees. Including a woolen coat which was usually worn belt and a vest. A kind of underpants, the Brouche, which consisted mostly of linen. The legs were wrapped with towels, sewn to leather shoes. The Kings coronation Mantle, from Roman Paludamentum (General’s cloak), pictured here is studded with a precious lace.
The Carolingian Period 987 to 1270. French Fashion History.
Table of content
Earliest times of the Carolingian period — Variety of costume in the provinces — Fashions in the Duchy of France — French taste dating from the eleventh century — Luxury increases with each generation — The dominical —The “bliaud” — Canes of apple-wood — Women in the twelfth century — Headdresses — “Afiche” — Serpent-tails — Pelisses — The thirteenth century — “Greves” and veils are in fashion — The “couvre-chef” in the fourteenth century — The skirt, or “cotte-hardie,” surcoat, or overall, or overskirt, cape, trained skirt, and “gauze” — Accessories — Emblazoned gowns — Various kinds of stuffs. Continue reading →
Carolingian King, Military Leader, Knight in armor, Citizen
Carolingian Costumes. Carolingian King, Military Leader, Knight in armor and Citizen. Carolingian Period 751-987
From this period are hardly get clothes. Conclusions are usually obtained by illumination or sculptures. The picture shows a Carolingian king with his sovereign regalia. He wears a crown and holding a stick as a scepter in his hand. Next to him stands a Carolingian military commander in armor and the commander’s staff. Ahead of them are ordinary citizens. The citizens demand that the king is a require arbitration of a contested matter. The Carolingian fashion of the nobility is still strongly influenced by the Roman fashion, mixed with Germanic and Byzantine styles. The farmers or citizens wear a simple tunic which is belted at the waist, Germanic trousers (Beinlinge) and boots. Leg warmers (Beinlinge) are a leg garment consisting of two legs, not connected. Leg wear are the predecessors of today’s trousers. It is a type of sock or pair of single legs. The leggings are held by ribbons or straps on a belt. The commander wears armor, a helmet, half-length trousers, a tunic and boots.The king wears the typical Romanic semicircular cloak over a belted tunic. He wears trousers and lacing shoes.