Category Archives: Carolingian

Life-size warrior figures in full armor and equipment.


Roman legionary, Gallic warrior, Greek Hoplite Warrior, Knight of the 12th Century. Carolingian Frankish knights. Merovingian warriors

Life-size warrior figures

Life-size warrior figures in full armor and equipment.

Life-size warrior figures in full costume and equipment using individual original pieces. The reconstructions of the Gimbelschen weapons collection (Karl Gimbel) appeared in 1902 with illustrations and descriptions at Mittler and Son Berlin.
Head and limbs of the figures are carved from wood, movable part, each piece is up to them removable. The main purpose is to show the different armor types.

Source: Karl Gimbel: The Reconstruction of the Gimbel’s collection of weapons, Berlin 1902.

  1. Roman Legionary by the reliefs of Trajan’s column, Rome.
  2. Gallic warrior of about 400-200 BC.
  3. Greek Hoplite Warrior ca 600 BC.
  4. Knight of the 12th Century in the leather strip armor.
  5. Carolingian Frankish knight 9th-10th Century.
  6. Merovingian Frankish warrior about 600 AD.

Karl Gimbel: Die Reconstructionen der Gimbel’schen Waffensammlung. Mittler-Verlag, Berlin 1902.

1. Römischer Legionär nach den Reliefs der Trajans Säule Rom.
2. Gallischer Krieger von ca. 400-200 vor Christi Geburt.
3. Griechischer Krieger Hoplite ca. 600 vor Christi Geburt.
4. Ritter aus dem 12. Jahrhundert im lederstreifigen Harnisch.
5. Karolingisch fränkischer Ritter 9.-10. Jahrhundert.
6. Merowingisch fränkischer Krieger ca 600 nach Christi Geburt.

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Gallery: On the history of costumes. From Ancient to the 19th century.

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Medieval women costume in the reign of Charles the Bald.


Carolingian costumes. Medieval woman costume. Middle ages clothing.

Carolingian women in 9th century.

Carolingian Costume of a Women in the reign of Charles the Bald.

Charles the Bald (823-877), from the noble family of the Carolingian was from 843 to 877 West Frankish king and from 875 to 877 King of Italy and Roman Emperor.

Source: “Modes et Costumes Historiques“.  Edited by Hippolyte Louis Emile and Polidor Jean Charles Pauquet. Published by Cassell, Petter & Galpin London, 1864

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Gallery: On the history of costumes. From Ancient to the 19th century.

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Carolingian queen and king costumes. 10th century.

Carolingian queen costumes. Carolingian King clothing. Medieval fashion..

French Queen and King Xth century

French carolingian queen and king 10th century. Ceremonial robes.

Source: “Modes et Costumes Historiques“. Drawing by Xavier Willemin. Edited and steel engraving by Hippolyte Louis Emile and Polidor Jean Charles Pauquet. Published by Cassell, Petter & Galpin London, 1864

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Gallery: On the history of costumes. From Ancient to the 19th century.

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Medieval Merovingian Frankish Queen

Merovingian costumes. Medieval clothing. 5th century dress. Saint Clotilde Chrodechild

Saint Clotilde woman of King Clovis I.

Medieval Merovingian Frankish Queen

Clotilde or Chrodechild (475–545), princess of Burgundy, was the second wife of Merovingian Frankish king Clovis I  (Salian Frankish dynasty), and by this marriage, Queen of the Franks. She confessed to Catholicism and contributed to the decision in Clovis, also accept this form of Christianity.
After the death of Clovis in 511 Clotilde founded monasteries and churches. She became, like her husband and her daughter buried in the Church of the Apostles in Paris, the later church of Sainte-Geneviève.
Saint Clothilde as she is honored as patroness of women and notaries. She is often represented with a model of the church and a book, donating the poor. Her celebration is the 3rd June. Clotilde is revered as sacred by the Church.

Source: Modes et Costumes Historiques.  Edited by Hippolyte Louis Emile and Polidor Jean Charles Pauquet. Published by Cassell, Petter & Galpin London, 1864

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Gallery: On the history of costumes. From Ancient to the 19th century.

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Coronation mantle, Dalmatica of German Emperor Henry II.

Coronation mantle, Dalmatica of German Emperor Henry II. Middle ages costumes.

Dalmatica of Emperor Henry II.

Coronation mantle, Dalmatica of German Emperor Henry II.

Dalmatica. Coronation mantle of Emperor Henry II. 973-1024. King of the East Frankish kingdom (Regnum Francorum Orientalium), Roman-German Emperor. Medieval Ecclesiastical Dress. 

Source: Cathedral Treasure of Bamberg.

10th century clothing. Medieval Nobility Costumes. German Emperor Henry II

German Emperor Henry II between two bishops in Seeoner Pontifical. Bamberg, State Library,

Associated with: 

  1. Coronation Robes of the German Emperors.
  2. Byzantine costume history. 
  3. Frankish Merovingian costume history.
  4. Costumes of the Carolingian Period from 752-987. Reign of Charlemagne.
  5. On the history of costumes. From Ancient to the 19th century.
  6. The First Crusade. The Knights Hospitallers. Knights of Malta.
  7. The Knights of the Teutonic Order of Knighthood.
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Carolingian Queen, Noblewoman and Prophetess.

Middle Ages costumes. 10th century clothing. Carolingian Queen. Byzantine court dress.

Carolingian Queen, Noblewoman and Prophetess

Medieval clothing 751-987.  Carolingian Queen, Noblewoman and Prophetess.

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Gallery: On the history of costumes. From Ancient to the 19th century.

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French middle ages costumes. Charles II the Bald.

French middle ages costumes. Medieval clothing. Carolingian period fashion. 9th century clothing.

Charles II the Bald

French middle ages costumes. Carolingian period 751-987.

Medieval costumes of Charles II the Bald  (823 – 877 Holy Roman Emperor Charles II, King of West Francia), Military Leader, Knight in armor, Musician, Troubador.

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Gallery: On the history of costumes. From Ancient to the 19th century.

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Carolingian Period 752-987. Reign of Charlemagne.

Costumes Carolingian period. Middle Ages France Queens Dresses. French Medieval clothing.

France Queens in 752-987

THE CAROLINGIAN PERIOD 752-987. Medieval fashion history.

Table of content

Reign of Charlemagne – The women of the tenth century wear two tunics – Judith’s belt – A veil is obligatory – Miniatures in the Mazarin Library- Charles the Bald’s Bible Shoes – Dress of Queen Lutgarde – Dress of Rotrude and Bertha – Gisla and other kings women of the Emperor – The Successors of Charlemagne – Cannes – Adelaide of Vermandois – The dress of widows.

7th Century clothing. Noble family costumes.

Noble family and their architect. 7th Century.

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Medieval nobility clothing. Emperor Henry II. with bishop.

Emperor Henry II. . Medieval clothing. Byzantine costume. 10th century dresses.

Emperor Henry II. with Frankish bishop

Medieval nobility clothing. Emperor Henry II., 1000 A.C.

Figure of Frankish King Henry II., 973-1024, called the saints and a Frankish bishop. 1004 Henry II. became king, and 1014 he was appointed emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. Crowned king of the Lombards in Italy. 1014 Henry II. was crowned emperor by Pope Benedict.

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Gallery: On the history of costumes. From Ancient to the 19th century.

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Charles II. the Bald. Carolingian 9th century clothing.

9th century clothing. Carolingian costumes. Medieval fashion dresses

Charles II. the Bald with two pages

King Charles II the Bald, with two pages. Medieval Carolingian clothing.

Charles II the Bald (born 823 † 877), was from the noble family of the Carolingians, West Frankish king and 875-877 King of Italy and Roman Emperor. Carolingian Period 751-987.

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Medieval clothing 900 A.C. Frankish Noblewomen and Queen.

Frankish Queen 9th century clothing. Carolingian costumes. Medieval Noblewomen fashion dresses

Frankish Noblewomen and Queen

Medieval clothing 900 A.C. Frankish Noblewomen and Queen.

The dress of the women was strongly influenced by the Byzantine clothing. The Roman era in women’s clothing was based on ancient greece models.
The costumes were inspired by the tunic, which was decorated very expensive (nobility). It was worn without a belt and reached to the ankles. The women in the picture wearing the tunic as the upper and lower garment, the garment is shorter and ends with wide sleeves called a tablion. They were called cap sleeves, because the tip reached to the knees. It covers the entire arm. The noble women wore flat bonnets on a “Byzantine” is cloth that characterized the woman as being married. Unmarried women wore her hair loose, as a braid or a simple knot.

This headscarf played an important role and has been carefully designed. It was fixed by a headband, and on the breast with a brooch held together tightly so that it flowed around the chin. Until well into the 12th century, it remained fixed part of the female wardrobe. The decorative art of the Frankish, Germanic peoples at that time was already highly developed. Correspondingly was the jewelry such as earrings, bracelets and very valuable work for the nobility often artfully crafted from gold and precious stones. In this feudal era marked the position of the clothes the people. The material generally used linen and wool. The farmers were required by law as a dark fabrics, as written in the Chronicle Charlemagne the Great, is now evident that they differ from the nobles. At high levels, such as the nobility, the clothing was next to linen and wool, silk and brocade.

The manufacture of clothing was still in the house itself. Only with the rise of craft production in Germany joined together for the craftsmen’ guilds, the manufacture of clothing to the new guild of tailors was passed.
Until then, there were separate rooms in a stately home where the lady of the house, the servants in the manufacture of clothing, wool spinning, weaving of fabrics, to the embroidering of the sewn clothes, supervised.

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Gallery: On the history of costumes. From Ancient to the 19th century.

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Medieval clothing 10th century. German King and Queen.

Byzantine costumes. 10th century nobility fashion. Medieval kings and queens clothing

German King and Queen of the Franks

Medieval Clothing, 10th century. Figure of a King and Queen of the Franks, about 900 AC.

In the Carolingian period, had the clothes on significant regional differences. This was because the connection between the nations was still trained very rudimentary. The exceptions were mostly traders and military feuds.
The Medieval clothing was still strongly influenced by Rome and Byzantium, and in male clothes, they also mingled with Germanic clothing. The robes was worn strictly according to the respective registry. A peasant or the rural population was, as the nobility immediately recognizable by his attire. While the ordinary people in addition to the skin cause wool, linen, hemp and nettle used, the upper classes used expensive imported fabrics such as silk and precious brocades.
The dominant part of male clothing was the swivel, a rectangular cloak that reached to the calves and the front was held together with a brooch. The normal population was the swivel up to the knees.
Including a woolen coat which was usually worn belt and a vest. A kind of underpants, the Brouche, which consisted mostly of linen. The legs were wrapped with towels, sewn to leather shoes. The Kings coronation Mantle, from Roman Paludamentum (General’s cloak), pictured here is studded with a precious lace.

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Gallery: On the history of costumes. From Ancient to the 19th century.

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