Category Archives: England

Period Costumes and Fashion from England, Regency, Empire, Georgian, Directory, Victorian and Tudor dresses.

John Wycliffe and the Dawn of the Reformation.

John Wycliffe. English Scholastic philosopher. 14th century

John Wycliffe on his sick bed assailed by the friars at Oxford in 1375. From the picture by George Thomas.

John Wycliffe (1330-1384) and the Dawn of the Reformation.

During the reign of Edward III., a silent alteration had been wrought in the condition of the lower classes. Feudalism was beginnings its slow decline, the divisions in the state made by contending parties, the divisions in the church made by contending popes, and a general upheaving of society, followed or preceded those political agitations, which, though they appeared to be confined to the barons and chiefs of houses, yet involved the common people, and still more the burgesses, who had already attained to some political power in parliament. Continue reading

Roger Mortimer, 1. Earl of March.

Roger de Mortimer. England History. Middle ages costumes

The seizure of Roger de Mortimer in Nottingham Castle October 19th 1330.

Roger Mortimer, 1. Earl of March, 1287-1330.

The name of this man is inscribed on one of the darkest pages of English history, and though it is associated with the great house of Lancaster, which afterwards long maintained its power over the English throne, it can only be regarded as equalling in infamy that of the wicked and ignoble king whose neglected queen chose the great noble for her paramour. Continue reading

The shields of the Gauls. Clans in the Roman Empire.

Leather covered Highland Shield Target. Ancient Celtic shields. Gaul weapons

Above: Leather covered Highland Target. Below: Steel Target that belonged to the Earl of Mar, 1715.

Shield of Gallic, British, German and Iberian auxiliary Regiments. Clans in the Roman Empire.

The shield of the Gauls.

The shield of the Gauls, according to Strabo and Virgil, was usually long, and the Ligurians carried one of the same form. In sculpture, we perceive the Germans with an oval shaped buckler of ample dimensions. Tacitus admits it was large, but suited to the size of the bearer. Continue reading

Thomas Becket. Archbishop of Canterbury.

Saint Thomas Becket. England 12th century bishop

St. Thomas à Becket

Thomas Becket. Archbishop of Canterbury (1118-1170).

It is not a little remarkable that the only Romish shrine which has been publicly brought to notice in England during the last few years is that of à Becket, the representative of the unyielding supremacy of that church, which still demands not only spiritual but temporal power. Continue reading