Category Archives: England

Period Costumes and Fashion from England, Regency, Empire, Georgian, Directory, Victorian and Tudor dresses.

Élégantes. Les modes du second empire 1852 a 1870.

Second Empire Gowns.Victorian Fashion History. 19th century fashion. Crinoline costumes.

Gowns.Élégantes.

Gowns. The modes of the second empire. 1852 to 1870.

L’histoire du costume féminin français. Les modes du second empire 1852 a 1870. Élégantes – Planche 1.
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James Marquis of Hamilton 1624

James Marquis of Hamilton. England 17th century clothing. Baroque costume.

James Marquis of Hamilton 1624

James Marquis of Hamilton 1624

James Hamilton (1589-1625) was a Scottish nobleman and 2nd Marquess of Hamilton, son of John Hamilton, 1st Marquess of Hamilton and his wife Margaret Lyon. He has served since 1621, the office of Lord High Commissioner to the Parliament in Scotland and from 1624 to 1625 he was Lord Steward of the Household. At times, there was speculation about a marriage between James Hamilton and the Princess Elizabeth. The death of the Marquess to be rumored due to poisoning.

Mary Sidney. Countess of Pembroke 1621.

Mary Sidney. Countess of Pembroke. England 17th century clothing. Baroque costume. Headdress

Mary Sidney. Countess of Pembroke 1621.

Mary Sidney. Countess of Pembroke 1621.

Mary Sidney Herbert, Countess of Pembroke (1561-1621) was a scholar noble English writer in Elizabethan time and the center of an artist circle. She enjoyed a humanist education: French, Italian (by an Italian woman), Greek and Latin, as well as music lessons, playing lute, virginal, possibly violin and sang. Her brothers were the poet Sir Philip Sidney, Henry Sidney, Earl of Leicester and Sir Robert Sidney. The parents were Sir Henry Sidney (1529-1586), the Lord Deputy of Ireland was three, and Mary Sidney, daughter of John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland and under Edward VI. High Protector of England. In her country estate, she gained over 20 years in a circle of poets and musicians around (“Wilton Circle”), including Edmund Spenser (he dedicated his “Ruines of Time”), Michael Drayton, Sir John Davies, who was also her secretary , and Samuel Daniel. Like her brother, she tried in her circle to promote the English language and refine, in particular by translations of the Bible. She herself was well versed and active in the Calvinist theology in the help for Huguenot refugees. 1577 she married the much older Henry Herbert, 2nd Earl of Pembroke (1534-1601), lived with on the family seat of Pembroke at Wilton House in Salisbury (Wiltshire) and in London in Baynard’s Castle. It is assumed that Christopher Marlowe the Latin dedication to Thomas Watson Amintæ Gaudia Mary Herbert, Countess of Pembroke wrote.

James, Duke of Hamilton in 1649. English 17th century nobility.

James, Duke of Hamilton in Armor. England 17th century nobility. Baroque costume.

James, Duke of Hamilton 1649

James, Duke of Hamilton in 1649.

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William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke 1630.

William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke 1630. England 17th century Tudor clothing. Baroque costume.

William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke 1630.

William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke 1630.

William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1423-1469), also known as Black William, was the son of William ap Thomas, founder of Raglan Castle, and grandson of Dafydd Gam, a follower of King Henry V of England. He founded the Herbert family. Like his father, Herbert was a supporter of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and stood during the War of the Roses to the House of York. Herbert was rewarded by King Edward IV in 1461 with the title of Lord Herbert of Raglan. Herbert was executed by the Lancastrianern (The House of Lancaster is a side branch of the House of Plantagenet and an English royal dynasty), now under the leadership of Warwick, after the battle of Edgecote Moor, near Banbury.

Frances Howard, Duchess of Richmond 1639

Frances Howard, Duchess of Richmond. England 17th century clothing. Baroque Turdor costume.

Frances Howard, Duchess of Richmond 1639

Frances Howard, Duchess of Richmond 1639.

Frances Howard (1590-1632) was an English noblewoman. The procedure for cancellation her marriage to Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex with the aim of Robert Carr, to marry the 1st Earl of Somerset, caused a public scandal. Once it became clear that she was responsible for a murder in connection with the marriage plans with the Earl of Somerset, this sparked one of the greatest scandals of England in the Stuart time. Because James I pardoned her, she escaped the execution. The couple remained imprisoned in the Tower until 1622. After the release she lived withdrawn. Return to the court they were not allowed.

King Charles the First 1648. From the House of Stuart.

English King Charles I. England 17th century clothing. Baroque costume.

King Charles the First 1648

King Charles the First 1648.

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Lady Arabella Stuart, 1615.

Lady Arabella Stuart, 1615. England 17th century clothing. Tutor, Baroque costume.

Lady Arabella Stuart, 1615.

Lady Arabella Stuart, 1615.

Arbella Stuart (also Arabella, Arbelle) (1575 – 1615 at the Tower of London) was an English noblewoman, niece of Queen Mary Stuart, cousin of King James I., and a maid of honor to his wife, Queen Anne. About her grandmother Margaret Douglas, she was a great-granddaughter of English princess and Scottish queen Margaret Tudor and thus a distant relative of Queen Elizabeth. In Elizabeth’s last years, Arbella was regarded at home and abroad for a long time as a possible heir to the throne, as she was in contrast to Jacob of English birth. It was, therefore, on the orders of Elizabeth until her 27th age under the strict supervision of her Maternal grandmother, Bess of Hardwick held.

After her death was Arbellas name was equated with the pursuit of freedom and even democracy, mainly due to Jacob’s increasing unpopularity. Perhaps their destiny William Shakespeare Inspired to his play Cymbeline. The German dramatist Rudolf von Gottschall edited Arbellas life in 1877 in his play Arabella Stuart. Tragedy in five acts.

Charles Howard, First Earl of Nottingham 1624

Charles Howard, First Earl of Nottingham. England 17th century Tudor clothing. Baroque costume. Headdress

Charles Howard, First Earl of Nottingham 1624

Charles Howard, First Earl of Nottingham 1624.

Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham (1536-1624) was an English statesman and admiral. He was the son of William Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Effingham and Margaret Gamage, a daughter of Sir Thomas Gamage. His great-grandfather was Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk. He was since 1575 Knight of the Garter. On 8 July 1585 Howard was appointed Lord High Admiral. A year later he was involved in the trial of Mary Stuart. 1587 he was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the British fleet, which was arrayed against the Spanish Armada, appointed, although he was then not directly involved in the fight against the Spanish Armada. His flagship was the Ark Royal. In 1596 he commanded together with Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, the expedition that pillaged Cádiz. In July 1597 he became Chief Justice in Eyre south of the Trent. In 1601 he was responsible for the crackdown on the Essex Rebellion. Howard died in 1624 at the age of 88 years. The title of Earl of Nottingham became extinct with the death of his younger son Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Nottingham, in the year 1681.

Henry Prince of Wales, 1612.

Henry Prince of Wales in Armor. England 17th century clothing. Baroque costume.

Henry Prince of Wales, 1612.

Henry Prince of Wales, 1612.

Henry Frederick Stuart, Prince of Wales (1594-1612) was the eldest son of King James I and Anne of Denmark. He was born in Stirling Castle and named at his birth on Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick and Lord of the Isles. After his father had also mounted the English throne in 1603, he was appointed Duke of Cornwall, in 1610 the Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (these two titles are from the 14th century traditionally the inheritance contenders to the English and the Scottish throne reserved).

Henry was the great hope not only of his parents, his death at the age of only 18 years was considered a disaster for the nation. Henry was buried in Westminster Abbey.

George Digby, Earl of Bristol in 1677. English 17th century nobility.

George Digby, Earl of Bristol. England 17th century nobility. Tudor clothing. Baroque costume.

George Digby, Earl of Bristol 1677

George Digby, Earl of Bristol in 1677.

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