COURTIERS OF THE TIME OF RICHARD II.
Anjou-Plantagenêt ruling dynasty
ABOVE all other periods in the history of England, that of the weak Richard II. was remarkable for the variety and gaiety of its fashions. The satirists and reformers of the day were zealous and loud in their outcries against the extravagance of the higher classes.
Was an English writer and poet who became famous as the author of the Canterbury Tales. He was born around 1342 in London and died probably on 25th October 1400 in London. Continue reading
LADIES FASHION OF THE TWELFTH CENTURY.
THE figures on the present plate are taken from different illuminations in the Cottonian Manuscript Nero C. IV. executed, probably, before the middle of the twelfth century.
Coronation spoon of English monarchs.
ECCLESIASTICS OF THE TWELFTH CENTURY.
NO class of figures occurs so frequently in the illuminations of our earlier manuscripts, as those of ecclesiastics of different grades; and as the older illuminators were almost exclusively monks, we are justified in concluding that none are represented more accurately with regard to their costume and other characteristics.
FIGURES OF ECCLESIASTICS.
FROM THE SCULPTURES OF THE CATHEDRAL OF CHARTRES.
CHARTRES is one of the most ancient and interesting towns in France. Popular traditions carry the date of the foundation of the city back to the times of the deluge; and it has been pretended by some of the old antiquaries that its splendid cathedral stands on the site of an ancient Druidical temple.
Spanish warriors from a MS. of the end of the eleventh century
EVERY step which we trace back in the history of the nations of Europe brings us nearer to a uniformity of costume. Fashions in dress did not begin to go through that quick vicissitude of change which characterizes modern times, till towards the thirteenth century. We can trace little variation in the dress of the Anglo-Saxons during the whole period of their history, and not much between that of the Anglo-Saxons and the Franks.
As people became more distinctly separated from each other by national jealousies, and long and obstinate wars, the new fashions adopted in one country were more slowly communicated to another, and thus the similarity of costume becomes separated by distance of date; while some countries became so entirely estranged from each other during a long period, that the resemblance of costume and the simultaneous variation was altogether lost.
ILLUSTRATIONS OF PRUDENTIUS.
Aurelius Prudentius Clemens, (* 348; – after 405) was a late antique Christian poet.
The Black Prince.
Member of the French-born ruling dynasty Anjou-Plantagenêt which stood from 1154 to 1399 in direct line and until 1485 in the side lines Lancaster and York the kings of England.
William Longespée, 1st Earl of Salisbury (1167-1226, also William I Longespée or Lungespée).
MUCH of romantic interest is attached to the name of Longuespee. The first of the name, who is represented in our plate, was the son of King Henry II. by his celebrated mistress, Fair Rosamond.