Frances Howard (1590-1632) was an English noblewoman. The procedure for cancellation her marriage to Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex with the aim of Robert Carr, to marry the 1st Earl of Somerset, caused a public scandal. Once it became clear that she was responsible for a murder in connection with the marriage plans with the Earl of Somerset, this sparked one of the greatest scandals of England in the Stuart time. Because James I pardoned her, she escaped the execution. The couple remained imprisoned in the Tower until 1622. After the release she lived withdrawn. Return to the court they were not allowed.
Arbella Stuart (also Arabella, Arbelle) (1575 – 1615 at the Tower of London) was an English noblewoman, niece of Queen Mary Stuart, cousin of King James I., and a maid of honor to his wife, Queen Anne. About her grandmother Margaret Douglas, she was a great-granddaughter of English princess and Scottish queen Margaret Tudor and thus a distant relative of Queen Elizabeth. In Elizabeth’s last years, Arbella was regarded at home and abroad for a long time as a possible heir to the throne, as she was in contrast to Jacob of English birth. It was, therefore, on the orders of Elizabeth until her 27th age under the strict supervision of her Maternal grandmother, Bess of Hardwick held.
After her death was Arbellas name was equated with the pursuit of freedom and even democracy, mainly due to Jacob’s increasing unpopularity. Perhaps their destiny William Shakespeare Inspired to his play Cymbeline. The German dramatist Rudolf von Gottschall edited Arbellas life in 1877 in his play Arabella Stuart. Tragedy in five acts.
Henry Frederick Stuart, Prince of Wales (1594-1612) was the eldest son of King James I and Anne of Denmark. He was born in Stirling Castle and named at his birth on Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick and Lord of the Isles. After his father had also mounted the English throne in 1603, he was appointed Duke of Cornwall, in 1610 the Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (these two titles are from the 14th century traditionally the inheritance contenders to the English and the Scottish throne reserved).
Henry was the great hope not only of his parents, his death at the age of only 18 years was considered a disaster for the nation. Henry was buried in Westminster Abbey.
Philip Herbert. Earl of Pembroke & Montgomery 1650
Philip Herbert. Earl of Pembroke & Montgomery 1650.
Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke and 1st Earl of Montgomery (1584-1650) was an English courtier and politician active during the reigns of James I and Charles I. Philip and his older brother William were the ‘incomparable pair of brethren’ to whom the First Folio of Shakespeare’s collected works was dedicated in 1623.
Medieval Coronation Robes. The German Royal Costume.
Fig.1. German Royal Costume
The robes with which the German kings were invested at their coronation in Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle), and from 1711 onward in Frankfort-on-the-Main, and which, together with crown, sceptre, and orb, etc., composed the Imperial regalia (Fig. 1.), are as follows: Continue reading →
Henry Howard, 1st Earl of Northampton (1540 – 1614) was a significant English aristocrat and courtier. He built Northumberland House in London and superintended the construction of the fine house of Audley End. He founded and planned several hospitals. He was the second son of the famous Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey (1516-1547) at the Tower of London) was an English nobleman and poet. The Earl of Surrey was the eldest son of Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, and his second wife, Lady Elizabeth Stafford, daughter of Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham. In 1546 he was arrested with his father and unjustly accused of treason. On 19 January 1547 Howard, Earl of Surrey was beheaded. Howard’s poems appeared in 1557 along with those of Thomas Wyatt. At Henry’s famous relatives were among his cousins Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard, the second and fifth wife of Henry VIII, both of which were executed by her royal husband in the years 1536 or 1542.
Related: Louis XIII. Ancien Régime. Renaissance, Baroque, Tudor fashion era.
Elisabeth, Queen of Bohemia, Daughter of James the First, 1662.
Elisabeth Queen of Bohemia, Daughter of James the First, 1662.
Elizabeth Stuart (1596 – 1662) was Princess of England and Scotland, and by her marriage to Frederick V of the Palatinate, the Winter King, 1613-1623 Electoral Princess Palatine and Queen of Bohemia from 1619 to 1620. Because Frederick V was able to assert itself as a Bohemian king for a year, Elizabeth had to go with him into exile in 1621 in the Netherlands, where she lived for 40 years. Become a widow in 1632, she struggled in particular, that her eldest surviving son, Charles Louis, the Palatinate got back. But it was only in 1648, he received it on a reduced scale. After the restoration of the Stuarts in 1661 she could return to home, where she died the following year. The picture presents her as Bohemian queen. It was probably in 1635, made in the Dutch exile after the death of her husband.
Free eBook: Memoirs of Elizabeth Stuart, queen of Bohemia, daughter of King James the First. Including sketches of the state of society in Holland and Germany, in the 17th century.