Category Archives: Nobility

Charles Howard, First Earl of Nottingham 1624

Charles Howard, First Earl of Nottingham. England 17th century Tudor clothing. Baroque costume. Headdress

Charles Howard, First Earl of Nottingham 1624

Charles Howard, First Earl of Nottingham 1624.

Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham (1536-1624) was an English statesman and admiral. He was the son of William Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Effingham and Margaret Gamage, a daughter of Sir Thomas Gamage. His great-grandfather was Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk. He was since 1575 Knight of the Garter. On 8 July 1585 Howard was appointed Lord High Admiral. A year later he was involved in the trial of Mary Stuart. 1587 he was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the British fleet, which was arrayed against the Spanish Armada, appointed, although he was then not directly involved in the fight against the Spanish Armada. His flagship was the Ark Royal. In 1596 he commanded together with Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, the expedition that pillaged Cádiz. In July 1597 he became Chief Justice in Eyre south of the Trent. In 1601 he was responsible for the crackdown on the Essex Rebellion. Howard died in 1624 at the age of 88 years. The title of Earl of Nottingham became extinct with the death of his younger son Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Nottingham, in the year 1681.

Henry Prince of Wales, 1612.

Henry Prince of Wales in Armor. England 17th century clothing. Baroque costume.

Henry Prince of Wales, 1612.

Henry Prince of Wales, 1612.

Henry Frederick Stuart, Prince of Wales (1594-1612) was the eldest son of King James I and Anne of Denmark. He was born in Stirling Castle and named at his birth on Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick and Lord of the Isles. After his father had also mounted the English throne in 1603, he was appointed Duke of Cornwall, in 1610 the Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (these two titles are from the 14th century traditionally the inheritance contenders to the English and the Scottish throne reserved).

Henry was the great hope not only of his parents, his death at the age of only 18 years was considered a disaster for the nation. Henry was buried in Westminster Abbey.

George Digby, Earl of Bristol in 1677. English 17th century nobility.

George Digby, Earl of Bristol. England 17th century nobility. Tudor clothing. Baroque costume.

George Digby, Earl of Bristol 1677

George Digby, Earl of Bristol in 1677.

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French medieval male dress in the 13th century

Medieval male dress, 13th century. Middle ages clothing

Fig. 1. French male dress, 13th century

French medieval male dress in the 13th century.

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Philip Herbert. Earl of Pembroke & Montgomery 1650

Philip Herbert. Earl of Pembroke & Montgomery. England 17th century Tudor clothing. Baroque costume.

Philip Herbert. Earl of Pembroke & Montgomery 1650

Philip Herbert. Earl of Pembroke & Montgomery 1650.

Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke and 1st Earl of Montgomery (1584-1650) was an English courtier and politician active during the reigns of James I and Charles I. Philip and his older brother William were the ‘incomparable pair of brethren’ to whom the First Folio of Shakespeare’s collected works was dedicated in 1623.

The German Royal Costume. Coronation Robes of the German Emperors

Medieval Coronation Robes. The German Royal Costume.

German Royal Costume. 11th century clothing. Medieval emperor coronation robes. Middle ages costumes.

Fig.1. German Royal Costume

The robes with which the German kings were invested at their coronation in Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle), and from 1711 onward in Frankfort-on-the-Main, and which, together with crown, sceptre, and orb, etc., composed the Imperial regalia (Fig. 1.), are as follows: Continue reading

Henry Howard, Earl of Northampton

Henry Howard, Earl of Northampton. England 17th century clothing. Tudor costume. Headdress.

Henry Howard, Earl of Northampton 1614

Henry Howard, Earl of Northampton.

Henry Howard, 1st Earl of Northampton (1540 – 1614) was a significant English aristocrat and courtier. He built Northumberland House in London and superintended the construction of the fine house of Audley End. He founded and planned several hospitals. He was the second son of the famous Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey (1516-1547) at the Tower of London) was an English nobleman and poet. The Earl of Surrey was the eldest son of Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, and his second wife, Lady Elizabeth Stafford, daughter of Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham. In 1546 he was arrested with his father and unjustly accused of treason. On 19 January 1547 Howard, Earl of Surrey was beheaded. Howard’s poems appeared in 1557 along with those of Thomas Wyatt. At Henry’s famous relatives were among his cousins ​​Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard, the second and fifth wife of Henry VIII, both of which were executed by her royal husband in the years 1536 or 1542.

Related:
Louis XIII. Ancien Régime. Renaissance, Baroque, Tudor fashion era.




  1. Reigns of John and of Charles V. 1350 to 1380. (Medieval, Byzantine, Gothic)
  2. Reigns’ of Charles VI. and Charles VII. 1380 to 1461. (Medieval, Gothic, Burgundy)
  3. Reigns of Louis XI, Charles VIII, and Louis XII. 1461 to 1515 (Late Medieval, Burgundy, early Renaissance)
  4. Reign of Francis I. 1515 to 1545. (Renaissance, Tudor)
  5. Reign of Henry II. 1547 to 1558. (Tudor, Renaissance)
  6. Reign of Francis II. 1559 to 1560. (Tudor, Renaissance)
  7. Reign of Charles IX. 1560 to 1574. (Tudor, Renaissance, Spanish court dress)
  8. Reign of Henri III. 1574 to 1589. (Renaissance, early Baroque, Spanish court dress, Tudor)
  9. Reigns of Henri IV. and Louis XIII. 1589 to 1643. (Renaissance, Baroque)
  10. Reign of Louis XIV. 1643 to 1715. (Baroque)
  11. Reign of Louis XV. 1715 to 1774. (Rococo)
  12. Reign of Louis XVI. 1774 to 1780. (Late Rococo)
  13. Reign of Louis XVI. 1780 to 1789. Le Pouf. Fashion in the Ancien Régime.
  14. The Reticulated Headdress. 15th century. Medieval Burgundy era.
  15. The Hennin. Headdress 15th century. Medieval Burgundy era.
  16. Costumes de Noblesse du 14ème siècle. Histoire de la mode médiévale.
  17. Gabrielle d’Estrées, mistress of the French King Henry IV. 16th century, Renaissance fashion era.
  18. Henri de Lorraine, duc de Guise. France 16th century. Huguenot wars.
  19. Madame de Pompadour. Her political power and general influence to Louis XV. Rococo era.
  20. 15th century medieval room interior. The history of Tobit. Historia Scholastica.
  21. The Corset and the Crinoline. Introduction of Cottes-Hardies. The Ladies of Old France.
  22. Pictures and Royal Portraits Illustrative of English and Scottish History.
  23. Les Modes de la Renaissance de l’an 1461 à l’an 1574.
  24. Characters of The Commedia dell Arte. Italian Renaissance Theater.
  25. The Rise of Monachism. Monastic costumes history.
  26. On the history of costumes. Fashion gallery from ancient until the 19th century.
  27. King James I of England, son of Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots.
  28. The Gunpowder Plot. England history.
  29. Mary Queen of Scots
  30. The character of Henry VIII. Tudor King of England.
  31. The reign of Elizabeth. The days of Queen Bess.
  32. Tudor Queen. The offer of the crown to Lady Jane Grey.
  33. Queen Mary, the daughter of Henry VIII.
  34. Sir Francis Drake. England history.
  35. The english boy king Edward VI. England history.
  36. Relics associated with Queen Elisabeth. England history.
German lansquenet costumes 16th century.
16th Century • Germany • Middle Ages • Military • Renaissance
Münchener Bilderbogen • Renaissance fashion era
German lansquenet costumes 16th century. Top row left to right: German citizens costume. Right: G... Read more
French lady at the court of Marie Stuart.
1560 • 16th Century • Court dress • England • France • Renaissance • Tudor
Costumes historiques de ville ou de théatre • Renaissance fashion era • Tudor period
French lady at the court of Marie Stuart 1560. England Tudor fashion era. Renaissance period. ... Read more
Polish and Russian costumes 16th century.
16th Century • Nobility • Poland • Renaissance • Russia
Medieval costume • Münchener Bilderbogen • Renaissance fashion era
Polish and Russian costumes 16th century. Top row left: Polish lady and gentleman dressed in nati... Read more
Renaissance corsage fashion. Les modes de la renaissance.
16th Century • France • French fashion history • Renaissance
Paul Louis de Giafferri • Renaissance fashion era
French Renaissance corsage fashion. 1. Corsage under Charles IX (1574). Azure blue, embroidered... Read more
King James from England with sword. Son of Mary Stuart.
16th Century • England • Hat • Nobility • Renaissance • Tudor
Crown • English history • Portrait • Renaissance fashion era
King James (1566-1625) from England with sword. Tudor fashion era. Renaissance period. He was b... Read more
Persian silk velvet fabrics 16th century
16th Century • Fabric • Persia • Renaissance
Renaissance fashion era • Textile design
Persian silk velvet fabrics 16th century. Associated to: Fabric terms dictionary from A ... Read more
Henri de Lorraine, duc de Guise.
1580 • 16th Century • Court dress • France • French fashion history • Nobility • Renaissance
Architecture • Costumes civils et militaires des Français • Portrait • Renaissance fashion era
Henri de Lorraine, duc de Guise. France 16th century. Reign of Henri II. Renaissance fashion his... Read more
16th century Spanish court dress.
1550 • 16th Century • Court dress • France • Germany • Hairstyle • Hat • Nobility • Renaissance
On the history of costumes • Renaissance fashion era • Spanish Fashion
16th century Spanish court dress, Renaissance Period. Mode of the nobility during the Second thir... Read more

Elisabeth Queen of Bohemia, Daughter of James the First, 1662.

Elisabeth, Queen of Bohemia, Daughter of James the First. England 17th century clothing. Baroque costume.

Elisabeth, Queen of Bohemia, Daughter of James the First, 1662.

Elisabeth Queen of Bohemia, Daughter of James the First, 1662.

Elizabeth Stuart (1596 – 1662) was Princess of England and Scotland, and by her marriage to Frederick V of the Palatinate, the Winter King, 1613-1623 Electoral Princess Palatine and Queen of Bohemia from 1619 to 1620. Because Frederick V was able to assert itself as a Bohemian king for a year, Elizabeth had to go with him into exile in 1621 in the Netherlands, where she lived for 40 years. Become a widow in 1632, she struggled in particular, that her eldest surviving son, Charles Louis, the Palatinate got back. But it was only in 1648, he received it on a reduced scale. After the restoration of the Stuarts in 1661 she could return to home, where she died the following year. The picture presents her as Bohemian queen. It was probably in 1635, made ​​in the Dutch exile after the death of her husband.

Free eBook: Memoirs of Elizabeth Stuart, queen of Bohemia, daughter of King James the First. Including sketches of the state of society in Holland and Germany, in the 17th century.

Medieval English fashion. 14th century costumes. Gothic era.

Medieval English fashion. 14th century costumes. Gothic fashion. Knights, Priest costume, Peasant costumes

English fashion 14th century.

Medieval English fashion. 14th century costumes.

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German Medieval dresses in the 14th Century.

German Medieval costumes. 14th Century. Gothic, Burgundy fashion

German costumes 14th century.

German Medieval dresses 14th Century.

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English and German medieval clothing in the 14th Century.

Medieval clothing. Castle woman, knight in hunting dress, Nobleman, English noblewomen, English princess. English prince and Page.

German and English costumes 14th century

English and German medieval clothing in the 14th Century.

Top row left: Clothing of a German Castle woman and a knight in hunting dress. Right: Clothes German nobleman and citizens.
Bottom row left: Courtyard clothing English noblewomen and an English princess. Right: Court clothing English prince, Page and nobleman.

On the history of costumes. Münchener Bilderbogen. Edited by Braun and Schneider 1860.