Category Archives: Nobility

Frances Howard, Duchess of Richmond 1639

Frances Howard, Duchess of Richmond. England 17th century clothing. Baroque Turdor costume.

Frances Howard, Duchess of Richmond 1639

Frances Howard, Duchess of Richmond 1639.

Frances Howard (1590-1632) was an English noblewoman. The procedure for cancellation her marriage to Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex with the aim of Robert Carr, to marry the 1st Earl of Somerset, caused a public scandal. Once it became clear that she was responsible for a murder in connection with the marriage plans with the Earl of Somerset, this sparked one of the greatest scandals of England in the Stuart time. Because James I pardoned her, she escaped the execution. The couple remained imprisoned in the Tower until 1622. After the release she lived withdrawn. Return to the court they were not allowed.

Lady Arabella Stuart, 1615.

Lady Arabella Stuart, 1615. England 17th century clothing. Tutor, Baroque costume.

Lady Arabella Stuart, 1615.

Lady Arabella Stuart, 1615.

Arbella Stuart (also Arabella, Arbelle) (1575 – 1615 at the Tower of London) was an English noblewoman, niece of Queen Mary Stuart, cousin of King James I., and a maid of honor to his wife, Queen Anne. About her grandmother Margaret Douglas, she was a great-granddaughter of English princess and Scottish queen Margaret Tudor and thus a distant relative of Queen Elizabeth. In Elizabeth’s last years, Arbella was regarded at home and abroad for a long time as a possible heir to the throne, as she was in contrast to Jacob of English birth. It was, therefore, on the orders of Elizabeth until her 27th age under the strict supervision of her Maternal grandmother, Bess of Hardwick held.

After her death was Arbellas name was equated with the pursuit of freedom and even democracy, mainly due to Jacob’s increasing unpopularity. Perhaps their destiny William Shakespeare Inspired to his play Cymbeline. The German dramatist Rudolf von Gottschall edited Arbellas life in 1877 in his play Arabella Stuart. Tragedy in five acts.

Henry Prince of Wales, 1612.

Henry Prince of Wales in Armor. England 17th century clothing. Baroque costume.

Henry Prince of Wales, 1612.

Henry Prince of Wales, 1612.

Henry Frederick Stuart, Prince of Wales (1594-1612) was the eldest son of King James I and Anne of Denmark. He was born in Stirling Castle and named at his birth on Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick and Lord of the Isles. After his father had also mounted the English throne in 1603, he was appointed Duke of Cornwall, in 1610 the Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (these two titles are from the 14th century traditionally the inheritance contenders to the English and the Scottish throne reserved).

Henry was the great hope not only of his parents, his death at the age of only 18 years was considered a disaster for the nation. Henry was buried in Westminster Abbey.

Philip Herbert. Earl of Pembroke & Montgomery 1650

Philip Herbert. Earl of Pembroke & Montgomery. England 17th century Tudor clothing. Baroque costume.

Philip Herbert. Earl of Pembroke & Montgomery 1650

Philip Herbert. Earl of Pembroke & Montgomery 1650.

Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke and 1st Earl of Montgomery (1584-1650) was an English courtier and politician active during the reigns of James I and Charles I. Philip and his older brother William were the ‘incomparable pair of brethren’ to whom the First Folio of Shakespeare’s collected works was dedicated in 1623.

The German Royal Costume. Coronation Robes of the German Emperors

Medieval Coronation Robes. The German Royal Costume.

German Royal Costume. 11th century clothing. Medieval emperor coronation robes. Middle ages costumes.

Fig.1. German Royal Costume

The robes with which the German kings were invested at their coronation in Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle), and from 1711 onward in Frankfort-on-the-Main, and which, together with crown, sceptre, and orb, etc., composed the Imperial regalia (Fig. 1.), are as follows: Continue reading

Henry Howard, Earl of Northampton

Henry Howard, Earl of Northampton. England 17th century clothing. Tudor costume. Headdress.

Henry Howard, Earl of Northampton 1614

Henry Howard, Earl of Northampton.

Henry Howard, 1st Earl of Northampton (1540 – 1614) was a significant English aristocrat and courtier. He built Northumberland House in London and superintended the construction of the fine house of Audley End. He founded and planned several hospitals. He was the second son of the famous Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey (1516-1547) at the Tower of London) was an English nobleman and poet. The Earl of Surrey was the eldest son of Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, and his second wife, Lady Elizabeth Stafford, daughter of Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham. In 1546 he was arrested with his father and unjustly accused of treason. On 19 January 1547 Howard, Earl of Surrey was beheaded. Howard’s poems appeared in 1557 along with those of Thomas Wyatt. At Henry’s famous relatives were among his cousins ​​Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard, the second and fifth wife of Henry VIII, both of which were executed by her royal husband in the years 1536 or 1542.

Related:
Louis XIII. Ancien Régime. Renaissance, Baroque, Tudor fashion era.




  1. Reigns of John and of Charles V. 1350 to 1380. (Medieval, Byzantine, Gothic)
  2. Reigns’ of Charles VI. and Charles VII. 1380 to 1461. (Medieval, Gothic, Burgundy)
  3. Reigns of Louis XI, Charles VIII, and Louis XII. 1461 to 1515 (Late Medieval, Burgundy, early Renaissance)
  4. Reign of Francis I. 1515 to 1545. (Renaissance, Tudor)
  5. Reign of Henry II. 1547 to 1558. (Tudor, Renaissance)
  6. Reign of Francis II. 1559 to 1560. (Tudor, Renaissance)
  7. Reign of Charles IX. 1560 to 1574. (Tudor, Renaissance, Spanish court dress)
  8. Reign of Henri III. 1574 to 1589. (Renaissance, early Baroque, Spanish court dress, Tudor)
  9. Reigns of Henri IV. and Louis XIII. 1589 to 1643. (Renaissance, Baroque)
  10. Reign of Louis XIV. 1643 to 1715. (Baroque)
  11. Reign of Louis XV. 1715 to 1774. (Rococo)
  12. Reign of Louis XVI. 1774 to 1780. (Late Rococo)
  13. Reign of Louis XVI. 1780 to 1789. Le Pouf. Fashion in the Ancien Régime.
  14. The Reticulated Headdress. 15th century. Medieval Burgundy era.
  15. The Hennin. Headdress 15th century. Medieval Burgundy era.
  16. Costumes de Noblesse du 14ème siècle. Histoire de la mode médiévale.
  17. Gabrielle d’Estrées, mistress of the French King Henry IV. 16th century, Renaissance fashion era.
  18. Henri de Lorraine, duc de Guise. France 16th century. Huguenot wars.
  19. Madame de Pompadour. Her political power and general influence to Louis XV. Rococo era.
  20. 15th century medieval room interior. The history of Tobit. Historia Scholastica.
  21. The Corset and the Crinoline. Introduction of Cottes-Hardies. The Ladies of Old France.
  22. Pictures and Royal Portraits Illustrative of English and Scottish History.
  23. Les Modes de la Renaissance de l’an 1461 à l’an 1574.
  24. Characters of The Commedia dell Arte. Italian Renaissance Theater.
  25. The Rise of Monachism. Monastic costumes history.
  26. On the history of costumes. Fashion gallery from ancient until the 19th century.
  27. King James I of England, son of Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots.
  28. The Gunpowder Plot. England history.
  29. Mary Queen of Scots
  30. The character of Henry VIII. Tudor King of England.
  31. The reign of Elizabeth. The days of Queen Bess.
  32. Tudor Queen. The offer of the crown to Lady Jane Grey.
  33. Queen Mary, the daughter of Henry VIII.
  34. Sir Francis Drake. England history.
  35. The english boy king Edward VI. England history.
  36. Relics associated with Queen Elisabeth. England history.
Citizen woman from Bautzen, 16th century.
1592 • 16th Century • Germany • Hairstyle
Collar • Lipperheide • Renaissance fashion era
Citizen woman from Bautzen, Germany 1592. Renaissance period clothing and style. Spanish collar. Read more
Tudor fashion in the 16th Century.
16th Century • Court dress • England • Nobility • Renaissance • Tudor
English history • Münchener Bilderbogen • Renaissance fashion era • Tudor period
English Tudor fashion in the XVI. Century. Top row left to right: Henry VIII, Anne of Cleves. Rig... Read more
Polish and Russian costumes 16th century.
16th Century • Nobility • Poland • Renaissance • Russia
Medieval costume • Münchener Bilderbogen • Renaissance fashion era
Polish and Russian costumes 16th century. Top row left: Polish lady and gentleman dressed in nati... Read more
Tudor England clothing 1550 to 1580, 16th century.
1550 • 1580 • 16th Century • England • Renaissance • Tudor
Renaissance fashion era • Tudor period
Tudor England clothing 1550 to 1580. Renaissance era. From left: Nobleman, Military habit, Mid... Read more
Italian Armory from Turin. 16th century.
16th Century • Italy • Military • Renaissance
Arte Decorativo • Weapons
Italian Armory from Turin. 16th century. Europe. Breastplate chiseled and maqueada. Sixteenth cen... Read more
Emperial Marshall, Margrave and Trumpeters costume.
1546 • 16th Century • Military • Netherlands • Nobility • Renaissance
Renaissance fashion era
Emperial Marshall, Margrave and Trumpeters costume. 216. Antoine de Glymes, Margrave of Bergen op... Read more
German citizens costumes in 16th Century. Renaissance Dresses.
1580 • 16th Century • Germany • Hairstyle • Headdresses • Middle Ages • Renaissance
Beret • Collar • Renaissance fashion era • Schaube
German citizens costumes in 16th Century. Renaissance Dresses of Nuremberg Maid and Cart Driver i... Read more
Francis III of Brittany, Dauphin of Viennois in 1534.
1530 • 16th Century • Ancien Régime • Court dress • France • Nobility • Renaissance
Modes et Costumes Historiques • Renaissance fashion era • Tudor period
Francis III of Brittany 1518-1536,  Duke of Brittany and Dauphin of Viennois 1534. Ancien Régim... Read more

Elisabeth Queen of Bohemia, Daughter of James the First, 1662.

Elisabeth, Queen of Bohemia, Daughter of James the First. England 17th century clothing. Baroque costume.

Elisabeth, Queen of Bohemia, Daughter of James the First, 1662.

Elisabeth Queen of Bohemia, Daughter of James the First, 1662.

Elizabeth Stuart (1596 – 1662) was Princess of England and Scotland, and by her marriage to Frederick V of the Palatinate, the Winter King, 1613-1623 Electoral Princess Palatine and Queen of Bohemia from 1619 to 1620. Because Frederick V was able to assert itself as a Bohemian king for a year, Elizabeth had to go with him into exile in 1621 in the Netherlands, where she lived for 40 years. Become a widow in 1632, she struggled in particular, that her eldest surviving son, Charles Louis, the Palatinate got back. But it was only in 1648, he received it on a reduced scale. After the restoration of the Stuarts in 1661 she could return to home, where she died the following year. The picture presents her as Bohemian queen. It was probably in 1635, made ​​in the Dutch exile after the death of her husband.

Free eBook: Memoirs of Elizabeth Stuart, queen of Bohemia, daughter of King James the First. Including sketches of the state of society in Holland and Germany, in the 17th century.