Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham (1536-1624) was an English statesman and admiral. He was the son of William Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Effingham and Margaret Gamage, a daughter of Sir Thomas Gamage. His great-grandfather was Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk. He was since 1575 Knight of the Garter. On 8 July 1585 Howard was appointed Lord High Admiral. A year later he was involved in the trial of Mary Stuart. 1587 he was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the British fleet, which was arrayed against the Spanish Armada, appointed, although he was then not directly involved in the fight against the Spanish Armada. His flagship was the Ark Royal. In 1596 he commanded together with Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, the expedition that pillaged Cádiz. In July 1597 he became Chief Justice in Eyre south of the Trent. In 1601 he was responsible for the crackdown on the Essex Rebellion. Howard died in 1624 at the age of 88 years. The title of Earl of Nottingham became extinct with the death of his younger son Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Nottingham, in the year 1681.
Henry Frederick Stuart, Prince of Wales (1594-1612) was the eldest son of King James I and Anne of Denmark. He was born in Stirling Castle and named at his birth on Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick and Lord of the Isles. After his father had also mounted the English throne in 1603, he was appointed Duke of Cornwall, in 1610 the Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (these two titles are from the 14th century traditionally the inheritance contenders to the English and the Scottish throne reserved).
Henry was the great hope not only of his parents, his death at the age of only 18 years was considered a disaster for the nation. Henry was buried in Westminster Abbey.
Philip Herbert. Earl of Pembroke & Montgomery 1650
Philip Herbert. Earl of Pembroke & Montgomery 1650.
Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke and 1st Earl of Montgomery (1584-1650) was an English courtier and politician active during the reigns of James I and Charles I. Philip and his older brother William were the ‘incomparable pair of brethren’ to whom the First Folio of Shakespeare’s collected works was dedicated in 1623.
Medieval Coronation Robes. The German Royal Costume.
Fig.1. German Royal Costume
The robes with which the German kings were invested at their coronation in Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle), and from 1711 onward in Frankfort-on-the-Main, and which, together with crown, sceptre, and orb, etc., composed the Imperial regalia (Fig. 1.), are as follows: Continue reading →
Henry Howard, 1st Earl of Northampton (1540 – 1614) was a significant English aristocrat and courtier. He built Northumberland House in London and superintended the construction of the fine house of Audley End. He founded and planned several hospitals. He was the second son of the famous Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey (1516-1547) at the Tower of London) was an English nobleman and poet. The Earl of Surrey was the eldest son of Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, and his second wife, Lady Elizabeth Stafford, daughter of Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham. In 1546 he was arrested with his father and unjustly accused of treason. On 19 January 1547 Howard, Earl of Surrey was beheaded. Howard’s poems appeared in 1557 along with those of Thomas Wyatt. At Henry’s famous relatives were among his cousins Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard, the second and fifth wife of Henry VIII, both of which were executed by her royal husband in the years 1536 or 1542.
Related: Louis XIII. Ancien Régime. Renaissance, Baroque, Tudor fashion era.
Elisabeth, Queen of Bohemia, Daughter of James the First, 1662.
Elisabeth Queen of Bohemia, Daughter of James the First, 1662.
Elizabeth Stuart (1596 – 1662) was Princess of England and Scotland, and by her marriage to Frederick V of the Palatinate, the Winter King, 1613-1623 Electoral Princess Palatine and Queen of Bohemia from 1619 to 1620. Because Frederick V was able to assert itself as a Bohemian king for a year, Elizabeth had to go with him into exile in 1621 in the Netherlands, where she lived for 40 years. Become a widow in 1632, she struggled in particular, that her eldest surviving son, Charles Louis, the Palatinate got back. But it was only in 1648, he received it on a reduced scale. After the restoration of the Stuarts in 1661 she could return to home, where she died the following year. The picture presents her as Bohemian queen. It was probably in 1635, made in the Dutch exile after the death of her husband.
Free eBook: Memoirs of Elizabeth Stuart, queen of Bohemia, daughter of King James the First. Including sketches of the state of society in Holland and Germany, in the 17th century.
English and German medieval clothing in the 14th Century.
Top row left: Clothing of a German Castle woman and a knight in hunting dress. Right: Clothes German nobleman and citizens. Bottom row left: Courtyard clothing English noblewomen and an English princess. Right: Court clothing English prince, Page and nobleman.
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