Éléonore de Portugal (~ 1436-1467).
Impératrice du Saint-Empire romain germanique.
Impératrice du Saint-Empire romain germanique.
Gallery: Les nations. Album des Costumes De Tous les Pays. Par Alexandre Lacauchie.
Paris. Maison Martinet. Haute Cœur frères 41, Rue Vivienne et 146, Rue de Rivoli 1850s.
Costume Traditionnel Jeune Fille a Porto. Portugal.
Costume Traditionnel Marchande de Poissons de Pardilhó. Portugal.
Costume Traditionnel Marchand de Volaille de Pardilho.
XVI Century – German Armor Art. Armeria Real Madrid. Armor blackened steel veneer.
“The Standards & Criminal Habits used by the Inquisition In the Dominions of Spain and Portugal” . Engraved for the Universal Magazine for Hinton at the Kings Arms in St. Pauls Church Yard, London 1748.
Associated with: The Rise of Monachism. Monastic costumes history.
THIS sketch represents the ordinary dress of the Bishops of Portugal, and bears some general resemblance to the respectable prelate, whose name is here introduced. Continue reading
THE approach to Guarda through the valley of saint Anthonio, formed by two parallel branches of the Serra da Estrella is beautiful and romantic.
The city is built on the highest of these mountains, and is considered the most elevated situation in Portugal. Its climate is cold and damp, but the salutary effects of the mountain breezes is visible in the blooming countenance and animated character, which distinguish its inhabitants, from those of the plain.
There is something singular and picturesque in the appearance of the young women, who are employed in carrying water pitchers to and from the wells. When empty, the pitcher is balanced on the head in the manner represented by the sketch, unsupported by the hands, and without any apparent restraint. Their dress is far from inelegant, and consists of no other colours than brown and blue. They wear no stockings; but their feet are protected by neat sandals.
IN this district a variation is observable in the dress of the peasantry, and bespeaks the contiguity of the Spanish frontier. Instead of cocked hats, which are so general in Estramadura, round ones with immense brims are used, turned up at the sides, or brought over the face, according to the fancy of the wearer.
Cloaks of dark brown are here generally worn.
THE Ladies of Portugal are generally handsome, and in many instances may boast the highest pretensions to beauty.
Their features are regular, their dark eyes full of expression, and they are justly celebrated for the clearness of their complexion, and the interesting character of their countenance.
Though their figures are rather en bon point, they are well shaped, and seldom exceed the middle height.
In the costume of the Ladies of rank, which partakes of the English or French fashion, there appears nothing to constitute peculiarity; and all that is remarkable in the dress of those of the middle class, is a white handkerchief worn as a head dress, and a cloak resembling the capa, which is worn over the person.
THIS sketch represents a Gentleman in the ordinary Portuguese habit. The capa or cloak, the remains of the Roman toga, is worn in Lisbon by every class of citizens, its use is not confined to auy particular season, but is continued in all weathers, and serves alike for protection agaiust heat and cold.
So much uniformity of dress prevails, that cocked hats form no particular distinction, but are seen on the heads of beggars as well as on those of the Fidalgos (Traditional title of Portuguese nobility). Ribbands are now worn across them, inscribed with mottos expressive of valour and patriotism.
Aqueduct of Alcântara. Aguas Livres aqueduct in 1808
Height of the arch from the ground to the intrados 230 Feet. From the vortex of the arch to the extrados, exclusive of the parapet 9 Feet. From the extrados to the top of the ventilator 23 Feet. Total height from the ground to the summit of the ventilator 263 Feet. Breadth of the principal arch 107 Feet. Breadth of the piers of the principal arch 28 Feet. Thickness of the piers in general 23 Feet.
The number of arches across the valley is thirty-five; fourteen of which in a range are pointed, the rest semi-circular. Over the arches is a vaulted corridor, nine feet six inches high, by five feet broad, internally. A continued passage runs through the centre of it for the people who attend to keep it in order, and a semicircular channel of thirteen inches diameter on each side, through which the water flows.
Lisbon is supplied with water, which is conveyed by means of this aqueduct, into reservoirs in different parts of the city; from which a laborious class of its inhabitants, chiefly Gallicians, are employed in filling barrels and vending their contents through the streets.
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