A romantic gaucho playing the guitar.

Traditional Gaucho costume, Argentina. Sombrero

A romantic gaucho playing the guitar.

A romantic gaucho playing the guitar.

The guitar was the favorite musical instrument of the romantic gaucho of former days. From listening to the haunting melodies of Negro slaves, the gaucho finally evolved an entirely new musical idiom, which forms the basis for Argentina`s modern song and dance rhythms.

Illustration by Jo Bartas

Gaucho from Argentina wearing the traditional chiripá.

Gaucho costume, Argentina. Traditional chiripá.

Traditional Gaucho costume, Argentina.

Traditional Gaucho costume, Argentina.

The traditional gaucho costume is characterized by the chiripá, a woven blanket or piece of cloth, which is held in place at the waist by a wide, silver ornamented belt. The chiripá hungs down like an apron over wide baggy trousers,

Illustration by Jo Bartas

Farmer in folk dress of the Etter Mountain Thuringia.

Traditional German Thuringia costume. Franz Lipperheide

Farmer from the area of the Etter Mountain Thuringia 1875

Farmer from the area of the Etter Mountain Thuringia 1875

Gallery: “Sheets for costume design: historical and folk costumes. Published by Franz Lipperheide, 1876-1887.

African warrior of the Nuer tribe, 1930s.

African warrior of the Nuer tribe. Africa soldier tribals, costume

Nuer warrior with tribal mark on forehead.

African warrior of the Nuer tribe, Sudan 1930s.

The Nuer are an African ethnic group in South Sudan and western Ethiopia. They are traditionally cattle farmers. Their social structure is divided into many individual descent groups, which derive their origin from the fathers line and together form a society without a central political leadership. The people of the Nuer lives mainly in the wetlands of the White Nile and its two main tributaries.

Gallery: The dark continent; Africa, the landscape and the people by Hugo Adolf Bernatzik

African tribe Ovambo women, Ondonga.

Hairstyle African tribe Bantu Namibia costume.

Ovambo women, Ondonga S.W. Africa.

African tribe Ovambo women, Ondonga S.W. Africa.

The Bantu society Ovambo is the most numerous population group of Namibia and is also in the immediately adjacent extreme south of Angola’s largest ethnic group. The Ovambo live mainly in the Namibian-Angolan border region of North Central Namibia, which was called in the German colonial era and the South African occupation Ovamboland. The region lies between southern Angola and the Etosha National Park in Namibia.

Gallery: The dark continent; Africa, the landscape and the people by Hugo Adolf Bernatzik

Marquis de Lafayette 1757-1834.






Portrait Marquis de Lafayette. French Revolution History. Directoire costume

Marquis de Lafayette 1757-1834. Aristocrat and military officer. Key figure in the French Revolution of 1789

Marquis de Lafayette 1757-1834. Aristocrat and military officer.

Marie-Joseph-Paul-Yves-Roch-Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de La Fayette or Lafayette was a French general and politician. He took part on the side of the colonists on the American Revolutionary War and played an important role in the French Revolution. La Fayette came from a noble family in Chavaniac. His father died in 1770 at the Battle of Minden (Seven Years War). After her mother’s death in 1770 he was already 13 years old orphan, but had in the following because of the large fortune of his family no material restrictions and was able to pursue his inclinations. After the declaration of independence of the British colonies La Fayette went with a self-recruited volunteer force in 1777 to America. There he fought for American independence and its affiliates with the Enlightenment ideals of equality, freedom and justice. When he returned to France, the people gave him a triumphant welcome and Louis XVI. received him into the Assembly of Notables. Even in the United States La Fayette was (written Lafayette) celebrated as a great war hero. Under La Fayette’s influence adopted Louis XVI. the Edict of 1787 (tolerance), which was especially good to the Huguenots. On 11 July 1789 he presented the Draft of the Declaration of Human Rights, which he had developed with the assistance of Thomas Jefferson. La Fayette was taken responsibility for ensuring that the king could try to escape on June 20, 1791. Three days after the second anniversary of the storming of the Bastille he had the open fire on an angry crowd. This massacre on the Champ de Mars with dozens dead cost him much of his popularity. La Fayette died on 20 May 1834 at the age of 76 years in Paris and was buried in the cemetery Cimetière de Picpus. His name is inscribed on the Arc de Triomphe in Paris in the third column.

Gallery: Portraits by people during the French Revolution

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Persian in traditional costume from the city Khoy.

Persian traditional costume. Khōī, Khoy Azerbaijan folk dress. Franz Lipperheide. Arabian muslim clothing

Persian from the city Khoy.

Persian from the city Khoy, Iran West Azerbaijan Province.

Gallery: “Sheets for costume design: historical and folk costumes. Published by Franz Lipperheide, 1876-1887.