Chinese garden – Paris exhibition grounds, 1878.

Paris exhibition grounds, 1878. Chinese traditional costumes and garden.

Chinese garden – Paris exhibition grounds, 1878.

Chinese garden – Paris exhibition grounds, 1878.

Water-color by T. Tapir.

Read more: The Paris Exposition Universelle of 1878 By Arthur Chandler.
Reproduced from World’s Fair magazine, Volume VI, Number 4, 1986

Louis-Lazare Hoche 1768-1797. French Revolution History.

French General Louis-Lazare Hoche. Portrait French Revolution History. Directoire costume

Louis-Lazare Hoche 1768-1797. General of the Revolutionary army.

Louis-Lazare Hoche 1768-1797. French Revolution History.

Louis-Lazare Hoche was a French general of the Revolutionary who was known for his level-headed actions in the suppression of the revolt in the Vendée in 1795 as the “pacificateur de la Vendée”. Hoche was the son of a former soldier and garde-chenil du roi (presumably. Overseer of the royal hunting dogs). After the early death of his mother, he was raised by an aunt who also paid him an education. A priest from Saint-Germain-en-Laye fell on his scholastic zeal and intelligence; he gave him lessons in Latin and aroused his interest in the ancient writers and philosophers. Hoche was 15 years old stable boy in the écuries de Versailles (royal. Stables) and entered the regiment of the Gardes Françaises-16-one. Its origin from very humble background was no obstacle for an amazing career in the revolutionary army. With 24 years (according to the Revolutionary calendar), he was already in the rank of general. Hoche is said to have survived two duels and two attacks. Hoche was 1797 – after centuries of feudal rule – the first civil government chief of the left of the Rhine parts of the country. His name is inscribed on the Arc de Triomphe in Paris in the third column. One of the great, leading to the Arc de Triomphe Paris streets, the Avenue Hoche.

Gallery: Portraits by people during the French Revolution


Shepherd in the sheep stable by Charles Jacque.

Traditional shepherd dress. The sheep stable. Charles Jacque. Barbizon School.

The sheep stable.

Shepherd in the sheep stable. Painted by Charles Jacque (1813-1894).

The artist was a French animal (sheep) and landscape painter and graphic artist versatile of the Barbizon School. In the natural performance of nature, which was new at the time, he worshiped the Dutch etcher of the 17th century.

Armenian woman from Constantinople in traditional costume.

Traditional Armenian costume. Ottoman Empire clothing. Franz Lipperheide.

Armenian woman from Constantinople.

Armenian woman from Constantinople in traditional costume, 1850.

Ottoman Empire costume

Gallery: “Sheets for costume design: historical and folk costumes. Published by Franz Lipperheide, 1876-1887.