German lansquenets. Thirty Years’ War, (1618–48).
First quarter of the XVI. Century.
Top row left: Lansquenets. Right: drummers and flag bearers.
Bottom row left: Piper, Waibel. Right: Captain and Lieutenant.
As a mercenary or lansquenet is defined as the fighting on foot, mostly German mercenaries of the late 15th and 16th centuries, its primary weapon after the Swiss model of mercenaries was the Pike. They were considered especially powerful because of their progressive and disciplined fighting style. However, they also had the reputation of looters and marauders that could devastate whole regions, which could happen in the absence of wages payment or “unemployment”. The essence of the mercenaries developed mainly during the reign of Emperor Maximilian I. In today’s parlance lansquenet is sometimes used as a synonym for mercenary. Lansquenets expressed their audacity by extravagant, provocative appearance. Their extremely colorful clothing consisted of puffed and slotted shirts and trousers to which they touched down a arming cap or diagonally over a wide brim with feathers and wool decorated bushes colorful beret. At the feet they wore, named after its shape cow muzzle shoes. Since there were no uniforms, the lansquenets differed in combat at a certain color ribbon, which was worn across the chest.
Gallery: On the history of costumes.
Louis XIII fashion era. French Ancien Régime. Renaissance, Baroque fashion history, Tudor fashion era.
- Reigns of John and of Charles V. 1350 to 1380. (Medieval, Byzantine, Gothic)
- Reigns of Charles VI. and Charles VII. 1380 to 1461. (Medieval, Gothic, Burgundy)
- Reigns of Louis XI, Charles VIII, and Louis XII. 1461 to 1515 (Late Medieval, Burgundy, early Renaissance)
- Reign of Francis I. 1515 to 1545. (Renaissance, Tudor)
- Reign of Henry II. 1547 to 1558. (Tudor, Renaissance)
- Reign of Francis II. 1559 to 1560. (Tudor, Renaissance)
- Reign of Charles IX. 1560 to 1574. (Tudor, Renaissance, Spanish court dress)
- Reign of Henri III. 1574 to 1589. (Renaissance, early Baroque, Spanish court dress, Tudor)
- Reigns of Henri IV. and Louis XIII. 1589 to 1643. (Renaissance, Baroque)
- Reign of Louis XIV. 1643 to 1715. (Baroque)
- Reign of Louis XV. 1715 to 1774. (Rococo)
- Reign of Louis XVI. 1774 to 1780. (Late Rococo)
- Reign of Louis XVI. 1780 to 1789. Le Pouf. Fashion in the Ancien Régime.
- The Reticulated Headdress. 15th century. Medieval Burgundy era.
- The Hennin. 15th century. Medieval Burgundy era.
- Costumes de Noblesse du 14ème siècle. Histoire de la mode médiévale.
- Gabrielle d’Estrées, mistress of the French King Henry IV. 16th century, Renaissance fashion era.
- Henri de Lorraine, duc de Guise. France 16th century. Huguenot wars.
- Madame de Pompadour. Her political power and general influence to Louis XV. Rococo era.
- 15th century medieval room interior. The history of Tobit. Historia Scholastica.
- The Corset and the Crinoline. Introduction of Cottes-Hardies. The Ladies of Old France.
- Pictures and Royal Portraits Illustrative of English and Scottish History.
- Les Modes de la Renaissance de l’an 1461 à l’an 1574.
- The Corset and the Crinolin.
- Characters of The Commedia dell Arte. Italian Renaissance Theater.
- The Rise of Monachism. Monastic costumes history.
- On the history of costumes. Fashion gallery from ancient until the 19th century.