Headdresses of the 14th Century
Quite characteristic of the earlier part and middle of the fourteenth century, to which the manuscript from which these figures are taken appears to belong, is the variety of ornament which they exhibit. At this period of our annals, almost every different illuminated manuscript, even illumination of a manuscript, furnishes us with some new form of lady’s headdress: and their colors vary less than their form. This variety of shape and the costume of the time afforded a never failing subject of satire to contemporary writers.
The manuscript to which we have just alluded appears to have been written and illuminated towards to the south of France, about the time of our King Edward III. It was formerly in the Lamoignon collection, from whence it passed to the library of the Duke of Roxburghe, and it has lately been purchased by the trustees of the British Museum for the sum of £200. It is a fine manuscript on vellum, containing a copy of the prose French romance of King Meliadus. Meliadus, according to the romances of the Round Table, was the father of the famous Tristan, and his history was extremely popular in the fourteenth century. It was composed in the latter years of the thirteenth century by an Italian named Rusticien de Pise, and is sufficiently common in manuscript.
King Meliadus, one of Arthur’s Knights, was one of the preux chevaliers of romance; his story is a combined series of combats and hardy adventures, with comparatively little relief; and it is truly characterized in the romance itself as differing from that of Tristan in the circumstance that the latter is a tale of love and chivalry, while all the brave acts of Meliadus originated from no other stimulus than that of his own attachment to noble actions: „qua ce que il fist il ne fist mie par forces d’armours, mès par force de son cross seulement: De sa propre bonté li vint de faire bien, non de force d’amours.“ It is thus not at all surprising that the numerous illuminations of the manuscript before us consist chiefly of battle scenes, varied now and then with tournaments. The latter are always accompanied by numerous figures of ladies, as spectators, and have furnished us with the greater part of the subjects of our plate. From one of the battle scenes we give the wood-cut on the present page, representing a group of warriors carrying off the body of their king, who has been slain.
The pictures in this volume are interesting to the artist as being in various states of progress, some only half finished, while others are merely sketched in outline. This is not an uncommon occurrence in old illuminated manuscripts. Here and there other subjects of interest are represented; particularly some views of towns, and a curious group of card-players, which is of importance as being the earliest known drawing representing people playing at cards. We know from various authorities that they were in use at this time, as they are mentioned in conjunction with other games about, or soon after, the middle of the fourteenth century but they cannot be traced, even by the allusions in old writers, to an earlier period.
Byzantine, Medieval, Gothic, Burgundian, Renaisance fashion history
- The Barbarian Invasions. The Migration Period. (Historical Atlas)
- The Gallic and Gallo-Roman costume period. 3rd to 4th century
- Byzantine costume history. 5th to 6th century.
- Frankish Merovingian costume history. 4th and 5th century
- Carolingian Period 752-987. Reign of Charlemagne.
- The Carolingian Fashion Period 987 to 1270.
- Europe in the time of Charles the Great 768 – 814. (Maps, Places).
- The Corset and the Crinolin. Fashion history from Ancient until 19th century.
- 11th to 13th century. French fashion history.
- 11th to 13th century. German fashion history.
- 11th to 15th century. Caps and Hoods fashion.
- 13th century. French male fashion history.
- 14th century. German fashion history.
- 15th century. German male fashion history.
- 15th century. German female fashion history.
- 14th, 15th century. Italian fashion history.
- Eleanor of Aquitaine, Medieval Queen in the 12th century. Fashion history.
- Eleanor of Castile first wife of King Edward I. England 13th century
- Reigns of John and of Charles V. 1350 to 1380. (Medieval, Byzantine, Gothic)
- Reigns of Charles VI. and Charles VII. 1380 to 1461. (Medieval, Gothic, Burgundy)
- Headdresses of the 14th Century.
- Headdresses of the 15th century. The Hennin.
- Headdresses 15th century. The Reticulated Headdress.
- The Influence of the Crusaders to the French clothing. 13th to 14th century.
- The Knights Hospitallers. The First Crusade. 11th century.
- The Knights of the Teutonic Order of Knighthood. History of German Crusaders 12th century.
- The Crusades. The Knights Templar. Medieval military religious order. 12th century.
- Syria during the period of the crusades. Maps, Names, Places. Historical Atlas.
- Life-size warrior figures in full armor and equipment. Greek, Roman, Gallic, Merovingian, Carolingian.
- Armor in England from the 10th to the 18th century
- The Rise of Monachism. Monastic costumes history.
- The Romance of the Rose. The Art of courtly love.
- The Lady of Tournament delivering the Price.
- On the history of costumes. From Ancient until the 19th century.