La belle ferronnière 1495 to 1499.
Renaissance fashion history. 15th century.
To this painting there are diverse opinions. The painting was first mentioned in 1642 in a catalog of the royal collection of the palace of Fontainebleau, as a work of Leonardo da Vinci, which represents “a duchess of Mantua”. In the notes and manuscripts of Leonardo da Vinci, there are no indications of the emergence of the unsigned and undated image, as is the case with many of his pictures, and what also to the usual controversy over the authenticity of professionals and participation of workshop and students has led. Its present title received the painting apparently as a result of confusion.
The same catalog also mentions a portrait of “La Belle Ferronière”, a name not exactly known mistress of the French King Francis I. It is possible that the mistress of the wife or daughter of an ironmonger (French ferronnier) or was the wife of a lawyer called Féron or Le Ferron.
The confusion was apparently supported by the headdress of the represented person: The model is wearing a studded with a jewel, narrow headband. Jewels of this kind were called in the 16th century after those beloved of the king, as “Ferronière”.
Francis I. fashion era. French Ancien Régime. Renaissance, Tudor fashion era.
- Reigns of John and of Charles V. 1350 to 1380. (Medieval, Byzantine, Gothic)
- Reigns of Charles VI. and Charles VII. 1380 to 1461. (Medieval, Gothic, Burgundy)
- Reigns of Louis XI, Charles VIII, and Louis XII. 1461 to 1515 (Late Medieval, Burgundy, early Renaissance)
- Reign of Francis I. 1515 to 1545. (Renaissance, Tudor)
- Reign of Henry II. 1547 to 1558. (Tudor, Renaissance)
- Reign of Francis II. 1559 to 1560. (Tudor, Renaissance)
- Reign of Charles IX. 1560 to 1574. (Tudor, Renaissance, Spanish court dress)
- Reign of Henri III. 1574 to 1589. (Renaissance, early Baroque, Spanish court dress, Tudor)
- Reigns of Henri IV. and Louis XIII. 1589 to 1643. (Renaissance, Baroque)
- Reign of Louis XIV. 1643 to 1715. (Baroque)
- Reign of Louis XV. 1715 to 1774. (Rococo)
- Reign of Louis XVI. 1774 to 1780. (Late Rococo)
- Reign of Louis XVI. 1780 to 1789. Le Pouf. Fashion in the Ancien Régime.
- The Reticulated Headdress. 15th century. Medieval Burgundy era.
- The Hennin. 15th century. Medieval Burgundy era.
- Costumes de Noblesse du 14ème siècle. Histoire de la mode médiévale.
- Gabrielle d’Estrées, mistress of the French King Henry IV. 16th century, Renaissance fashion era.
- Henri de Lorraine, duc de Guise. France 16th century. Huguenot wars.
- Madame de Pompadour. Her political power and general influence to Louis XV. Rococo era.
- 15th century medieval room interior. The history of Tobit. Historia Scholastica.
- The Corset and the Crinoline. Introduction of Cottes-Hardies. The Ladies of Old France.
- Pictures and Royal Portraits Illustrative of English and Scottish History.
- Les Modes de la Renaissance de l’an 1461 à l’an 1574.
- The Corset and the Crinolin.
- Characters of The Commedia dell Arte. Italian Renaissance Theater.
- The Rise of Monachism. Monastic costumes history.
- On the history of costumes. Fashion gallery from ancient until the 19th century.