Entry of Louis XIV and Maria Theresa into Arras.

French Louis XIV. Maria Theresia. Baroque fashion. 17th century costumes

The Entry of Louis XIV and Maria Theresa into Arras 1667

The Entry of Louis XIV and Maria Theresa into Arras 1667.

The chariot of the French Queen Maria Theresia (1638-83).
The King Louis XIV (1638-1715) and the officers in the livree of the royal house.

The costumes shown here are borrowed from a picture of Adam Frans van der Meulen (1632-1690) that represents the entry of Louis XIV and Maria Theresa in Arras after the beginning of the campaign of 1667.
Maria Theresa, surrounded by her maids of honor, sits in a gilded, pulled by six horses state coach. Louis XIV follows on horseback in uniform: Rock of gold brocade; Vest and shirt red; long muslin tie, Bandelier (bandoulière), Furthermore a sash; feathered hat; Jackboots.
The whole train is surrounded by the pages and servants of the royal house. Two of them keep to the side of the carriage of the queen, while the others join the right and left. Two from the pages of the king, go as soon as he is on horseback, in addition to the stirrup, and follow the Gardes du Corps.
The Marshal of the Queen was subject to a first stable master, the king`s, the Grand Master of the Horse. A distinction was the large and the small Marshal; the staff of the former had on the sleeves galons en bracelet, ie transverse, the latter galons en quille, ie going from top to bottom strips. The Marshal of the Queen contained eight carriages, one of which was reserved for their person.

The carriage of the king was drawn by eight horses. The carriages of the courtiers was drawn by six horses and the carriages of the rich burgers where drawn by four horses. The Marshal François de Bassompierre brought the first glass coach in 1599 from Italy to France.

Source: Le Costume Historique by Auguste Racinet

Comparison: La Campagne de la reine ou Lettre galante écrite à des dames de la cour de Monseigneur le Dauphin, 1667. — L’État de France de 1676. — D. Ramée, Histoire des chars, carrosses, etc., 1856.

 Louis XIV. , Louis XV. , Louis XVI., Baroque, Rococo, Directoire, French Revolution, Regency, Empire, Restoration or Romanticism fashion era. German Biedermeier.


  1. The French Fashion History.
  2. Reign of Charles IX. 1560 to 1574. (Tudor, Renaissance, Spanish court dress)
  3. Reign of Henri III. 1574 to 1589. (Renaissance, early Baroque, Spanish court dress, Tudor)
  4. Reigns of Henri IV. and Louis XIII. 1589 to 1643. (Baroque)
  5. Reign of Louis XIV. 1643 to 1715. (Baroque)
  6. The Reign of Louis XV. 1715 to 1774.
  7. Reign of Louis XVI. 1780 to 1789.
  8. The French Republic 1789 to 1802.
  9. Timeline of the French Revolution 1789 – 1799.
  10. Les Modes sous la revolution 1792-1799 by Paul Louis Victor de Giafferri.
  11. Reign of Napoleon I. 1804 to 1814. France empire.
  12. Reigns of Louis XVIII. and Charles X. 1815 to 1830. Restoration,  Romanticism
  13. Fashion in the Reign of Philippe. 1830 to 1848. Victorian era. Romanticism fashion.
  14. The Second Republic. 1848 -1851. Victorian era. “Second Rococo”.
  15. The use of the Corset in the reign of Louis XVI.
  16. Ladies hat styles from 1776-1790 by Rose Bertin.
  17. Fashion under the  French revolution 1789 to 1802.
  18. Paris fashion 1793 to 1795. French revolution.
  19. The Execution of the King Louis XVI.
  20. The Execution of Marie-Antoinette.
  21. The Incroyables and Muscadins. The French directory dandies.
  22. Les Incroyables et Merveilleuses. Directoire fashion by Horace Vernet.
  23. Nymphs and Merveilleuses. By Octave Uzanne.
  24. Fashion in Paris after the Revolution. By Octave Uzanne. 1796-1800.
  25. Portraits by people during the French Revolution
  26. The Gallery of Fashion. by Nikolaus von Heideloff, London.
  27. Comparison of the French and English modes. 1808 to 1815
  28. The Salon of Madame Récamier during the French Revolution.
  29. The Salons of Paris before the French Revolution.
  30. Caraco à la francaise in 1786.
  31. The Evolution of Modern Feminine Fashion 1786.
  32. Fashion in Paris and London, 1780 to 1788.
  33. Historic hairstyles from Ancient times to the Empire.
  34. The Corset and the Crinolin from Remote Periods to the Present Time.
  35. Lace History. Reference List of Italian Laces.
  36. Collection of antique fabric design.
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