Pan with a human body and the legs of a goat.

Pan. Fantastic Character. Satyr, Fauns, Satyrs. Ancient, Antique Greece mytologohy. Goddess

Statue of Pan

Statue of Pan

Pan. Greek sculpture and monument of ancient art.

A small statue of Pan, represented in the usual manner with a human body and the legs of a goat. The hair and beard are rough and shaggy, the ears are long and pointed, and at the top of the head is a projection, possibly the base of the horns with which this personage is furnished, unless indeed these objects are intended to be represented by the two rugged processes which rise on each side of the upper part of the nose. In his left hand he bears the pedum, or shepherd’s staff, his right is employed in an offensive action still used in Italy among the vulgar when wishing to insult any one. Its origin and it`s meaning it is unnecessary to explain; indeed, this arm being modern from above the elbow, it is by no means certain or even probable that such was the action of the original figure.

The knees are profusely furnished with rugged locks of hair, which mask the union of the human and animal portions of the statue, a principle of treatment almost universally prevalent in ancient works of art, where unnatural combinations, which it would be difficult to connect gracefully, are concealed, generally by foliage.

The shanks of both legs have been partially restored. The workmanship of this figure is unusually good, the human form is well understood, while the hard rugged development of the muscles indicates the half human, half animal character. It has probably formed part of a group, the expression of the face seeming to indicate a reference to some other figure from which it has now been accidentally separated.

In describing this figure as Pan, it may be as well to remark that there is much confusion about the proper denomination of the sylvan gods and followers of Bacchus.

The scholars and writers on antiquities, up to the time of Winckelmann, apply the term Fauns to the human figures with tails and pointed ears, while they term the figures with goat’s legs sometimes Pans, at other times Satyrs.

Since Winckelmann’s time it has been the general practice of the German archaeologists to apply the term Satyrs exclusively to the figures formerly called Fauns, and to describe all with goat’s legs as Pans. Before appealing to any modern authority, we will endeavour to elucidate this inconsistency by quoting chronologically such passages and expressions in ancient writers as describe the form of the personages in question, and such monuments of ancient art as most satisfactorily illustrate and corroborate these passages.

Related:

(Ancient Egypt, Greek, Minoan, Assyria, Roman, Levante, Byzantine)




Ancient Egyptian culture. Brief overview of the cultural epochs.
Brief overview of the cultural epochs by using selected characteristic elements of style. Architect... Read more
Ancient • Egypt • Fabric • Middle East
Ancient Egypt clothing • Architecture • Decoration • Interior
Ancient Egypt Prince Mantouhichopchf
Portrait of Egypt Prince Mantouhichopchf son of Ramses Miamun (Ramesses II the Great XIXth. Dynast... Read more
Ancient • Egypt • Middle East
Ancient Egypt clothing
Alethe, Priestess of Isis. The Epicurean, by Thomas Moore.
Alethe, Priestess of Isis. The Epicurean, a Tale by Thomas Moore. When Alethe arrived at a sui... Read more
1827 • 19th Century • Ancient • Egypt • Fantasy costumes • Genre • Middle East • Romantic Era
Ancient Egypt clothing • Artist • Character sketches
Antigone and Ismene. Greek mythology.
Antigone and Ismene. ANTIGONE (ancient Greek Ἀντιγόνη), daughter of Oedipus and Joca... Read more
Ancient • Ancient Greece • Genre • Mythology
Character sketches
Medes king and nobility. Offizer and Soldiers dresses.
Ancient Medes King, soldiers and officers costumes. Source: Münchener Bilderbogen. History... Read more
Ancient • Asia • Headdresses • Middle East • Military • Nobility
Ancient Medes costumes • Ancient Military
Coiffures. The Beautiful Lines of the Greek Costumes.
Ancient Greece, Coiffures. The Feminine Costume of the World. Coiffures. Part VIII. Ancient Greec... Read more
Ancient • Ancient Greece • Hairstyle
Ancient Greek headdresses • Paul Louis de Giafferri
Clovis is proclaimed by the Salian Franks as king.
Clovis is proclaimed by the Salian Franks as king. Clovis c. 466 – c. 511, was the first king... Read more
4th Century • 5th Century • 6th Century • Ancient • Gauls • Middle Ages • Nobility
Historical Gaul costumes • Merovingian fashion and history • Paris à travers les siècles
Marc Antony and the dead Caesar.
Marc Antony and the Dead Caesar. The Tragedy of Julius Caesar is a 1599 resulting tragedy by ... Read more
Ancient • Genre • Roman
Character sketches • William Shakespeare