Pan with a human body and the legs of a goat.

Pan. Fantastic Character. Satyr, Fauns, Satyrs. Ancient, Antique Greece mytologohy. Goddess

Statue of Pan

Statue of Pan

Pan. Greek sculpture and monument of ancient art.

A small statue of Pan, represented in the usual manner with a human body and the legs of a goat. The hair and beard are rough and shaggy, the ears are long and pointed, and at the top of the head is a projection, possibly the base of the horns with which this personage is furnished, unless indeed these objects are intended to be represented by the two rugged processes which rise on each side of the upper part of the nose. In his left hand he bears the pedum, or shepherd’s staff, his right is employed in an offensive action still used in Italy among the vulgar when wishing to insult any one. Its origin and it`s meaning it is unnecessary to explain; indeed, this arm being modern from above the elbow, it is by no means certain or even probable that such was the action of the original figure.

The knees are profusely furnished with rugged locks of hair, which mask the union of the human and animal portions of the statue, a principle of treatment almost universally prevalent in ancient works of art, where unnatural combinations, which it would be difficult to connect gracefully, are concealed, generally by foliage.

The shanks of both legs have been partially restored. The workmanship of this figure is unusually good, the human form is well understood, while the hard rugged development of the muscles indicates the half human, half animal character. It has probably formed part of a group, the expression of the face seeming to indicate a reference to some other figure from which it has now been accidentally separated.

In describing this figure as Pan, it may be as well to remark that there is much confusion about the proper denomination of the sylvan gods and followers of Bacchus.

The scholars and writers on antiquities, up to the time of Winckelmann, apply the term Fauns to the human figures with tails and pointed ears, while they term the figures with goat’s legs sometimes Pans, at other times Satyrs.

Since Winckelmann’s time it has been the general practice of the German archaeologists to apply the term Satyrs exclusively to the figures formerly called Fauns, and to describe all with goat’s legs as Pans. Before appealing to any modern authority, we will endeavour to elucidate this inconsistency by quoting chronologically such passages and expressions in ancient writers as describe the form of the personages in question, and such monuments of ancient art as most satisfactorily illustrate and corroborate these passages.

Related:

(Ancient Egypt, Greek, Minoan, Assyria, Roman, Levante, Byzantine)




Herodias. A Mirror of Fair Women.
Herodias. A Mirror of Fair Women. Theodore Child, in "A Mirror of Fair Women," published in "Harp... Read more
Ancient • Genre • Israel • Middle East • Roman
Character sketches • Oriental Scenery
Greek woman with detached diploidion.
Ancient Greek. Side view of figure with detached diploidion. Read more: Ancient Minoan Civiliza... Read more
Ancient • Greece • Hairstyle
Ancient Greek Costumes • Thomas Hobe
Amazon warrior costume. Classical antiquity.
Amazon warrior costume. Classical antiquity. Illustration of a female warrior from the classical ... Read more
Ancient • Greece • Headdresses
Ancient Greek Costumes • Ancient Greek helmets
Greek woman in Ampechonion and sleeveless chiton
Figure with ampechonion or outer garment, and sleeveless chiton buttoned to give the appearance of... Read more
Ancient • Greece • Headdresses
Ancient Greek Costumes • Thomas Hobe
Bust of beardless Satyr. Greek sculpture.
Bust of beardless Satyr. Ancient Greek sculpture Bust of a young and beardless satyr, distinguish... Read more
Ancient • Greece • Hairstyle
Ancient sculpture
Roman legionary in full armor.
Roman legionary in full armor. Reconstructed after reliefs of the Trajan's Column (Completed ... Read more
Ancient • Military • Roman
Ancient Military • Ancient Roman Costumes
Automedon charioteer of Achilles. Homer's Iliad.
Automedon charioteer of Achilles. AUTOMEDON was the son of Diorus, and the charioteer of Achilles... Read more
Ancient • Genre
Character sketches • World Theater
Ancient Egypt princely chariot at Tell el-Amarna.
Ancient Egypt princely chariot, Tell el-Amarna. Chariot relating to a prince. (Tell el-Amarna - 1... Read more
Ancient • Egypt • Middle East • Military
Ancient Egypt clothing

Leave a Reply