The Pool of Siloam in Jerusalem.

Siloam Pool. Israel. Jerusalem. Sacred Christian site. Gihon Spring. Solomon. Holy Land.

Pool of Siloam

The Pool of Siloam. Sacred Christian site.

The Pool of Siloam, also called Breikhat Hashiloah, is a pond in Jerusalem, in which the water of the city on the eastern foot of Mount Zion the Gihon Spring was passed and which ensured the water supply of Jerusalem. The Gihon Spring is the only year-round source in Jerusalem. For Jews, the water of the Gihon Spring has a special significance because of their Solomon said to have been anointed king over all Israel.

Siloam Pool. Israel. Jerusalem. Sacred Christian site. Gihon Spring. Solomon. Holy Land. Sacred Destinations

Pool of Siloam. Scenes in the East by Henry Baker Tristram. London 1870.

Source: Oriental and Sacred Scences, from notes of travel in Greece, Turkey and Palestine by Howe Fisher. Published 1854.

The Pool of Hezekiah, Jerusalem.

Hezekiah's Pool. Pool of Pillars. Pool of the Patriarch’s Bath. בריכת חזקיהו‎‎, Brikhat Hizkiyahu. Biblical place. Jerusalem.

Pool of Hezekiah, Jerusalem.

THE only spring of Jerusalem is the Fountain of the “Virgin,” which rises in a deep cave at the foot of Ophel, valley of the Kedron, under the Temple walls. The Moslems call it the “Mother of Steps,” on account of the two flights of steps that lead down to it. The masonry lining the sides of the cave is very ancient.
This spring is the En Rogel of the Old Testament; but Major Conder believes it to be the Pool of Bethesda, mentioned by St. John as the scene of the healing of the Cripple, for the water has an intermittent flow. This peculiarity gave rise to the legend that a dragon lies at the bottom of the fountain. When he is awake he stops the water; when he sleeps, it flows.
St. John tells us “that an angel of the Lord went down at certain seasons and troubled the water”; whoever then stepped in first was healed of any infirmity. It had five porches, in which the sick and suffering lay to await the rising of the waters.

From the back of the cave or rock chamber of the Virgin’s Fountain a very narrow passage runs south,under the Ophel hill, for about the third of a mile, to the Pool of Siloam. It is a channel for the fountain, but owing to the intermittent flow of the water it is at times clear; at others, however, when the water rises, it rushes down the channel and fills it, in some places, up to the roof. As the flow takes place at uncertain intervals, and cannot be reckoned on, the exploration of the tunnel is very dangerous;nevertheless, it has been explored by Dr. Robinson, Sir Charles Wilson, Sir Charles Warren, Major Conder, and others.

Dr. Robinson was in some peril in it, and has given us an interesting account of his adventure. He and his fellow traveller, Dr. Eli Smith, put on aquatic costumes, took candles and matches, and entered the channel. At first they could walk erect, but in a short time the passage became lower, and they had to crawl on their hands and knees. At last even kneeling became impossible, and they could only proceed by lying at full length and dragging themselves along by their elbows. Whilst they were thus circumstanced they heard suddenly the murmur of approaching water.

It must have been a moment of intense anxiety, but happily, as the water came on, it did not reach the roof of the rock by a few inches; they had, however, the greatest difficulty in finding breathing room, and had little hope of escaping death by drowning or suffocation, when they perceived the water gradually sinking. At last it fell entirely, and they continued their laborious progress. Very thankfully, we may be sure, they saw the light at the end of the winding passage, and issued from the tunnel through an arched opening on the pool of Siloam.
At this very spot, in1880, a Jewish boy found an inscription on the rock, and aware of the anxiety of the Palestine explorers to find inscriptions, he at once informed them of it. Several copies of it were made, but the first accurate one published in Europe was sent home by Major Conder.
The inscription has no date, but the form of the “beautifully-chiselled letters” made it plain to the explorers that it must have been written in the reign of Hezekiah, a little less than 700 years before Christ.
It recorded the making of the tunnel, which was begun at both ends. “The workmen,” Major Conder tells us, “heard
the sound of the picks of the other party in the bowels of the hill, and called to their fellows. Thus guided, they advanced and broke through,the two tunnels proving to be only a few feet out of line.” To see if they could discover any more inscriptions, and to find, if possible, the spot where the workmen met, Major Conder and his companions, Lieutenant Mantell and Mr. G. Armstrong, explored the tunnel, dragging with them a chain, and taking compass angles, “which were entered in a wet note-book by the light of a candle, often put out by the water.”
They suffered ” from bites of leeches and want of air,” and risked the danger of the rise of the water, from which this time they escaped The dangerous exploration was achieved a second time, but at considerable risk. We advise our readers to look at the account of it given by Major Conder, in his book entitled “Palestine.”
As ordinary people cannot penetrate this singular passage, it is usual to walk from the Virgin’s Fountain to the Pool of Siloam. The road is down the Kedron Valley to cornfields dotted with trees, where the Tyropæan Valley joins the Kedron. These fields are the site of the King’sGardens, of which Nehemiah speaks. Across the Tyropæan, on an old embankment, stands (or stood) an ancient mulberry tree, fast falling to decay,a few years ago. It is said to mark the spot where the prophet Isaiah was sawn asunder by order of Manasseh, and was called Isaiah’s Tree. Turning to the right and passing a cliff, the traveller ascends the bank and stands by the Pool of Siloam. It is a large reservoir built in with rough but not very ancient stones. At the back of the picture of it is the arch which is at the entrance of the tunnel already described.
It was here that the blind man, obeying “our Lord’s command, washed his eyes, and came seeing.” The words, “Go, wash in the pool of Siloam,” have immortalised its waters. Of the identity of its site there is no doubt, Josephus has so accurately described it, and Jerome speaks of the intermittent flow of its waters.

Directly facing the Pool of Siloam is Aceldama— the field of blood— purchased by the priests with the price of blood, that the traitor Judas had cast at their feet. Here is a great square building, half excavated from the rock, half built of massive stones. It is twenty feet deep, and is a vast charnel house, the floor of which is covered with mouldering bones. This has been identified as the site of the Aceldama ever since the fourth century, and the clay of the soil confirms the belief that it was indeed the potters’ field “used to bur strangers in.”

Source: Palestine Past and Present. Pictorial and Descriptive. Compiled and edited by L. Valentin. Published by Frederick Warne & Co. London 1893


The Syren, after C. L. Muller, 1878.
The Syren, after Charles Louis Muller 1878. The Syren by C. L. Muller - New Gallery Of British Ar... Read more
19th Century • Arabia • Genre • Middle East • Syria
Jewish Clothing • Oriental Scenery • Romanticism fashion • Traditional Arabian costumes
Traditional Jewish women dress.
Jewish girl from Morocco in 1869. Original by Émile Vernet-Lecomte (1821–1900) Titel: "Beaut... Read more
1869 • 19th Century • Middle East • Traditional
Jewish Clothing
Mummies of Ancient Egypt in a sarcophagus
Mummies of Ancient Egypt in a sarcophagus. The process of mummification. La galerie agréable du... Read more
Ancient • Egypt • Middle East • Nobility
Ancient Egypt clothing
Harem girl in Cairo 1848. The Oriental Album.
Harem girl in Cairo 1848. The Oriental Album. Characters, costumes, and modes of life, in the val... Read more
1850 • 19th Century • Egypt • Middle East • Traditional
The Oriental Album • Traditional Arabian costumes • Traditional Egyptian costume
Traditional Egyptian costumes 1850. Tambourine player, water wearer and servant.
Traditional Egyptian costumes. Dress of Tambourine player. Veiled water wearer and Servant in 1850... Read more
1850 • 19th Century • Egypt • Headdresses • Middle East • Traditional
Egypt • Traditional Arabian costumes • Traditional Caftan • Traditional Egyptian costume
Jewish Priest in India, 19th century.
Jewish Priest The subject of this picture is a Jewish priest from Bagdad. There are a considerabl... Read more
19th Century • Asia • Ecclesiastical • India • Middle East
Ecclesiastical Dress • Traditional India costumes • Traditional Jewish Clothing
Traditional Arabian Women from Cairo. Ottoman Empire.
AN EGYPTIAN ARAB. Arabian Women from Cairo. Ottoman Empire. THE varieties of female dress in mo... Read more
1804 • 19th Century • Arabia • Egypt • Middle East
Octavian Dalvimart • Ottoman Empire costumes • The costume of Turkey • Traditional Arabian costumes • Traditional Egyptian costume
Ptolemaic‬ headdresses and crowns
Ancient Greek Ptolemaic‬ headdresses and crowns Different Ptolomies and their Q... Read more
Ancient • Ancient Greece • Egypt • Hairstyle • Headdresses • Middle East • Nobility
Ancient Greek headdresses • Thomas Hobe

  1. Suisse costumes nationaux
  2. Traditional French national costumes.
  3. Tyrolean national costumes 1835.
  4. Souvenir de L’Exposition Universelle de Vienne.
  5. Costumes of Japan and Java.
  6. Historical Asia costumes by Auguste Wahlen.
  7. Our islands and their people. Hawaii, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Cuba.
  8. Costumes of all countries by Alexandre Lacauchie 1850s.
  9. Historical and folk costumes by Franz Lipperheide.
  10. The costume of Turkey. Ottoman Empire 18th century.
  11. Traditional Dutch national costumes.
  12. The Switzerland national costumes of 17th ‚18th, 19th century originals.
  13. Folk dresses from Norway, Dutch, Germany and Hungaria.
  14. Mexico by Carl Nebel 1836.
  15. Provincial Russia. Costume and Culture.
  16. Costume of the Russian empire by Edward Harding.
  17. Serbian national costumes by Vladimir Kirin.
  18. Historical European costumes by Auguste Wahlen.
  19. The Highlanders of Scotland, 1870.
  20. Costumes and scenery of Afghanistan.
  21. Views of Darjeeling: With typical native portraits and groups.
  22. Africa, the landscape and the people 1931.
  23. Historical costumes from Africa, America and Oceania.
  24. Traditional folk costumes of Italy and France in 1821.
  25. The Serbs in the Adriatic. Their types and costumes 1870-1878.