Sarong. Sinhalese with Umbrella.

Sinhalese. Traditional sarong. Sri Lanka national costume.

The Sinhalese

Sinhalese in traditional sarong with Umbrella.

The dress of the men, in that bright isle “where every prospect pleases, and only man is vile,” differs considerably from that of the native of India. This however does not apply to the women, who might very easily be mistaken for Hindus by anyone who was not cognizant of certain small details. The men dress in a comboy (sarong or amude), which is formed of a long piece of cloth, sewn together at the two ends. This resembles a skirt, but having no gathers in it, the top is equal in size to the width of the bottom. Any difficulty, however, which might be imagined to exist, is overcome by the wearer pleating up the garment in front, and then making one large lap of the whole from right to left. He then either rolls the comboy over at the top, by which means it is easily supported, or puts on a belt. A jacket of European cut, with a military shaped collar, is worn over a singlet; this, together with a comb upon his head and sandals on his feet, completes his attire.

Ceylon is the Emerald Isle of the East, and as rain is far more frequent there than in India, the island presents a never-ending panorama of tropical verdure of every shade, from the pale green lettuce plant to the begonia, the leaves of one variety of which are nearly black. Viewed in conjunction with the deep blue sky and dark red kabook roads, a most charming picture is formed, in nature’s richest colours.
Of recent years Colombo has become an important port of call, and owing to the enterprise of its European inhabitants it is still advancing by leaps and bounds. Streets have been widened, new and capacious buildings erected, and the whole town so altered and improved during the past ten years that one yearns in vain for a similar rate of progress in the city whose vainglorious boast it is to be the second in the Empire.

The Sinhalese very rarely work as coolies, either on tea estates or elsewhere, this work being almost exclusively carried on by Tamils from Southern India. They are generally sharper than Hindoos, and when carefully trained are capable of making very good workmen.
One of the favourite, and it is to be supposed the most lucrative, of trades in Ceylon is that of jeweller. The island abounds in precious stones, of sorts, and the work of cutting, polishing, and selling them affords employment to a large number of natives, many of whom are Moors, or, as they are usually termed, Moormen, who have lived in Ceylon for generations.
The efforts of these gentry to dispose of worthless stones mounted in trashy settings are amusing, but it becomes an expensive form of entertainment if the wiles of the lustre merchant are permitted to prevail. Good stones are to be bought, but never from the hawkers, and as the shopkeepers are very excellent judges of the London market value of their wares, a bargain is usually to the advantage of the vendor.

In few ports are passengers so much bothered by hawkers as in Colombo. They surround the ship and climb on board almost before the anchor is down, their presence frequently becoming a veritable nuisance, as they follow one round with great persistency in their endeavours to make a bargain. For the benefit of the uninitiated it may be remarked that there is a pass-word which effects a certain cure. Say quietly, as if you knew all about it, ” Epah, pallian! ” which, being interpreted, means, “I don’t want any, get!” and your tormentor, regarding you as an individual acquainted with both his habits and his language, will promptly comply with your request.

Source: Typical pictures of Indian Natives. By F. M. Coleman, 1897.


  1. Traditional Parsis in India.
  2. Chinese sceneries in 19th century.
  3. Typical pictures of Indian Natives.
  4. Costumes of Japan and Indonesia by Emile Gallois.
  5. The Indian Mughal Empire.
  6. The Persians in India.
  7. Plant drawings from an Indian Cotton Printer`s Pattern Book, 1910.
  8. Historical Asia costumes by Auguste Wahlen.
  9. Costumes of all countries by Alexandre Lacauchie 1850s.
  10. Historical and folk costumes by Franz Lipperheide.
  11. The costume of Turkey. Ottoman Empire 18th century.
  12. Costumes and scenery of Afghanistan.
  13. Provincial Russia. Russian Costume and Culture.
Costume Afghan soldier with old gun.
Costume Afghan soldier with old gun, 1843. Gallery: Asian costumes by Auguste Wahlen. Manners, c... Read more
1843 • 19th Century • Afghanistan • Asia • Military
Auguste Wahlen • Traditional Afghanistan Costume
A Chinese Mandarin. Historical Chinese costume in 1799.
A MANDARIN OF DISTINCTION IN HIS HABIT OF CEREMONY Historical Chinese costume in 1799. Qing dyna... Read more
1799 • 18th Century • Asia • China • Court dress • Traditional
Traditional Chinese costumes • Traditional Chinese Mens Dress
Sutars, Carpenters, Bengal.
A Group of Sutars, Carpenters, Bengal. Mongolo-Dravidian Type. The carpenters of Bengal, like ... Read more
1915 • 20th Century • Asia • India • Traditional
Pictures of Indian Natives • Traditional India costumes
Japanese flower seller. Marchand de Fleurs au Japon.
Japanese flower seller in 1895. Un Marchand de Fleurs au Japon. Published by Autour du Monde.... Read more
1895 • 19th Century • Asia • Japan
Boulanger • Traditional Japanese costume
Dost Mohammad Khan. Ruler of Afghanistan.
Dost Mahommed King of Caubul and his youngest son by James Rattray (1848) Dost Mohammed (Moghul ... Read more
19th Century • Afghanistan • Asia • Headdresses • Nobility • Traditional
Armenian merchant costume.
Armenian merchant costume 1843. Marchand Armenian Gallery: Asian costumes by Auguste Wahlen. Man... Read more
1843 • 19th Century • Armenia • Asia
Auguste Wahlen • Traditional Armenia costumes
Asiatic Female with head-dress Cidaris.
Asiatic Female with head-dress Cidaris. Bust of a female or effeminate person, wearing a cap, w... Read more
Ancient • Ancient Greece • Asia • Headdresses • Middle East
Ancient Greek headdresses • Ancient sculpture
Ornamental Metal Work from East India.
Ornamental Metal Work from East India. Ornamented Weapons, etc. ALTHOUGH the number of arms wa... Read more
1863 • 19th Century • Asia • India • Middle Ages • Military • Nepal • Persia
Masterpieces • Weapons


Traditional, historical dresses.

  1. Tyrolean national costumes 1835.
  2. Souvenir de L’Exposition Universelle de Vienne.
  3. Traditional Dutch national costumes.
  4. Traditional French national costumes.
  5. The Switzerland national costumes of 17th – 19th century originals.
  6. Folk dresses from Norway, Dutch, Germany and Hungaria.
  7. Mexico by Carl Nebel 1836.
  8. Costume of the Russian empire by Edward Harding.
  9. Serbian national costumes by Vladimir Kirin.
  10. Historical European costumes by Auguste Wahlen.
  11. The Highlanders of Scotland, 1870.
  12. Africa, the landscape and the people 1931.
  13. Historical costumes from Africa, America and Oceania.
  14. Traditional folk costumes of Italy and France in 1821.
  15. The Serbs in the Adriatic. Their types and costumes 1870-1878.