Spanish fashion at the French court in 1570
French nobility in court dress, 16th century. Renaissance era.
It is the time of the late Renaissance, the Thirty Years War, marked by the Counter-Reformation, with the beginning of the Spanish baroque. In view of the dominance of Spain captured the cool elegance of the Spanish court dress the European countries. It replaced the elegant and light fashion of the renaissance as dissolute and proclaimed the modesty and chastity of the Catholic Church.
The man is wearing a waist-length jacket which was named after its final form “goose belly”. It was closed by a central row of buttons. It’s padded and formed of beads on the sleeves. The sleeves and the collar was completed by ruffles cuffs. The sleeves are long with fabric ribbons, which look like a throwback to the Burgundian fashion of houppelande. The collars should develop during the era of the Spanish fashion to the so-called millstone ruffs. They strongly restricted the movement and looked like a statement. The carrier or bearer was in the most impossible positions attitude preserved. The pants had a high waist and was padded as well as the jacket and produced a wide hip. He wears buckled shoes and stockings.
The clothes of the woman meets the man’s. A stiff corset bodice with drop waist. The narrow sleeves and collar are also completed by ruffles cuffs. The hairstyle is, given the limited range of motion, carried high. The skirt is floor length and richly decorated. Forward it will be kept open so that the cone-shaped bottom skirt that was also decorated came forward. The aim of the clothing was the complete concealment of the body. The women wore under the long skirt the Kothurne, the shoes were made of wood or cork. The church was full of praise for the way these uncomfortable shoes because they prevented the dance and even the physical pleasures were opposed.
Louis XIII fashion era. French Ancien Régime. Renaissance, Baroque fashion history, Tudor fashion era.
- Reigns of John and of Charles V. 1350 to 1380. (Medieval, Byzantine, Gothic)
- Reigns of Charles VI. and Charles VII. 1380 to 1461. (Medieval, Gothic, Burgundy)
- Reigns of Louis XI, Charles VIII, and Louis XII. 1461 to 1515 (Late Medieval, Burgundy, early Renaissance)
- Reign of Francis I. 1515 to 1545. (Renaissance, Tudor)
- Reign of Henry II. 1547 to 1558. (Tudor, Renaissance)
- Reign of Francis II. 1559 to 1560. (Tudor, Renaissance)
- Reign of Charles IX. 1560 to 1574. (Tudor, Renaissance, Spanish court dress)
- Reign of Henri III. 1574 to 1589. (Renaissance, early Baroque, Spanish court dress, Tudor)
- Reigns of Henri IV. and Louis XIII. 1589 to 1643. (Renaissance, Baroque)
- Reign of Louis XIV. 1643 to 1715. (Baroque)
- Reign of Louis XV. 1715 to 1774. (Rococo)
- Reign of Louis XVI. 1774 to 1780. (Late Rococo)
- Reign of Louis XVI. 1780 to 1789. Le Pouf. Fashion in the Ancien Régime.
- The Reticulated Headdress. 15th century. Medieval Burgundy era.
- The Hennin. 15th century. Medieval Burgundy era.
- Costumes de Noblesse du 14ème siècle. Histoire de la mode médiévale.
- Gabrielle d’Estrées, mistress of the French King Henry IV. 16th century, Renaissance fashion era.
- Henri de Lorraine, duc de Guise. France 16th century. Huguenot wars.
- Madame de Pompadour. Her political power and general influence to Louis XV. Rococo era.
- 15th century medieval room interior. The history of Tobit. Historia Scholastica.
- The Corset and the Crinoline. Introduction of Cottes-Hardies. The Ladies of Old France.
- Pictures and Royal Portraits Illustrative of English and Scottish History.
- Les Modes de la Renaissance de l’an 1461 à l’an 1574.
- The Corset and the Crinolin.
- Characters of The Commedia dell Arte. Italian Renaissance Theater.
- The Rise of Monachism. Monastic costumes history.
- On the history of costumes. Fashion gallery from ancient until the 19th century.