Clothing of German citizens during the Reformation. Late Gothic dresses. German early Renaissance in 1450.
The man is wearing an overcoat, known in Italy as Zimarra in Germany as Schecke, french pour point. This coat came in different lengths. Among the most distinguished citizens, he reached down to the ankles. Characteristic are the large openings of the sleeves, sometimes up to 50 cm in length, which were often decorated with fur. The time had two tendencies in the fashion of the clothes. Either certain parts of the body with the type of cut were emphasized or it has been revealed. In this example, the shoulders of the man highlighted what gives it a decent look. This is emphasized further by wearing a beard. The upper portion of the skirt is richly decorated, the section tapering upward, resulting in an increase in the upper part of the body with it, culminating in a high collar. Ending with sumptuous folds down and wide open spaces, above the knees. Small embellishments on the collar, and sometimes the shoes emphasize the dignity of the citizen. Popular were big, heavy gold chains. On his head he wears a beret is adorned houppelande. In the houppelande, a relic of the late Middle Ages, is an arc cut cloth rag in the Middle Ages adorned the hems of the garments. The overall picture in his hand closes the worn, decorative gloves off.
The woman is wearing the robe hanging, the Gamurra, or cotta, with a train made of heavy fabric. The head is shaved, and above the sella, a less conspicuous form of two-horned hennin, with a long veil that covered her hair and identifies them as a married woman. Young unmarried girls decorate their hair with undisguised beads or garlands.
The plain cotta or Gamurra was round cut and consisted of long, lush ornamental sleeves, which were usually sewn only slightly and were replaced by it. In addition it carries the elegant Cioppa with ornate hem in bright, clear colors. The Cioppa is worn belted high, with long sleeves and trim is made of a train.
Renaissance Fashion. Women`s Costume of German Nobility, 1450, 15th Century.
The left figure shows an unmarried woman, which is characterized by their uncovered hair. Her long hair is braided in some cases, combined with false hair pieces and decorated with a wreath of flowers.
Both women are wearing the round-cut cotta, or Gamurra with long, lush ornamental sleeves. The Gamurra was closely fitted top and highlighted the figure of the woman. The section was mostly kept around. The sleeves were richly decorated and fanciful, usually sewn only slightly and could be replaced. As material precious materials were used. Furs from Russia could be introduced by the brisk trade, the Italian textile manufacturers, provided the highest quality fabrics such as satin, gold-embroidered brocade, bright silks and velvets, patterned as a novelty. The movement, in such clothes, was slow and stylized. The colors dominated greens, reds and yellows.
Strengthened by the bourgeoisie in the cities of the Middle Ages, with its guilds, a sophisticated tailors’ guild was formed, which dominated the fashion required for this narrow, body-hugging cut.
Under the Gamurra dress the woman wore the loose-fitting Chemisse that set by the wide sleeves and round decorative cutouts, bright points and gave the richly decorated dress additional visual complexity. Popular were the embroidery of seams, especially at the neckline, different colors emerged.
Over the Camurra they carry Cioppa, a robe with ornate hem in bright, clear colors. The Cioppa worn belted high, with long sleeves and trim is made of a train. It is on this figure, the clothes edge, occupied houppelande, a fashionable decoration of the Middle Ages.
The right-married woman wears a head covering the sella, with a long veil.