Tag Archives: Medieval costume

Medieval costume history. The period between the end of antiquity and the beginning of modern times about the 6th to the 15th century. It includes as superordinate, the Byzantine, Merovingian, Carolingian and Burgundian costume eras. Therein are the Gallic, Celtic, English-Saxon, Normans, Gothic, Romanesque included.

William Longespée, 1st Earl of Salisbury.

Effigy, William Longespée, 1st Earl of Salisbury, Knight, 13th century, costume, dress, armour, middle ages, crusader

Effigy of William Longespée, 1st Earl of Salisbury, son of Henry II ‘Curtmantle’ d’Anjou, King of England and Ida de Tosny.

William Longespée, 1st Earl of Salisbury (1167-1226, also William I Longespée or Lungespée).

dropcap, Inkunabel, Initial, middle ages. 13th century, illuminated manuscript, Henry Shaw

Initial letter from MS. Arundel, No. 91. Known as Psalter and Book of Hours (the ‘Howard Psalter and Hours’), 14th century. Attributed to John of Metz ‘De Lisle Psalter’

MUCH of romantic interest is attached to the name of Longuespee. The first of the name, who is represented in our plate, was the son of King Henry II. by his celebrated mistress, Fair Rosamond.

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Head-dresses at the beginning of the 16th century

Anne of Bretagne, Claude de France, Headdress, 15th century, Henry Shaw, middle ages, fashion

Anne of Bretagne, Claude de France?

Head-dresses of the ladies of the fifteenth century

Initial Letter, Pliny. 15th century. Middle ages, manuscript.

L- Initial Letter

ELEGANCE and gracefulness, which had seldom exhibited themselves in the horned and peaked head-dresses of the ladies of the fifteenth century, began again to show themselves in the various headdresses of the beginning of the sixteenth. This was more especially visible in France, which country, then as now, took the lead in the fashions of dress.

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Knights in combat. England 13th century

Knights fighting, England 13th century, Middle ages, combat,Henry Shaw, armour

Medieval knights in combat. MS. Reg. 20 D, I.

KNIGHTS FIGHTING.

Q- dropcap, Inkunabel, Initial, middle ages. 13th century, illuminated manuscript, Henry Shaw

Q- dropcap. Royal Library, Paris 13th century.

QUIETNESS and peace were not among the most prominent characteristics of those ages, in which, unfettered by the sage power of judicious and efficient laws, people were taught to seek justice rather by their own strength, than by the intermediation of others. At that period, the songs which sounded most musical to the ears of the iron-cased barons were the romances that told of hard blows and doughty adventures, and the pictures most beautiful to their eyes were such as those which we here give in ouer plate.

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Richard II. King of England 1377 to 1399.

King Richard II, Costumes, Middle ages, Knight, England, 14th century,

King Richard II. Date about 1377.

King Richard II. 1367-1400.

Richard II (Richard Plantagenet, also known as Richard of Bordeaux 1367-1400), King of England from 1377 to 1399.

PERHAPS no monarch under the same circumstances ever enjoyed so great a share of the sympathy of posterity, as the ill-fated, though at the same time (it must be confessed) ill-deserving Richard II.

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King and Knight. Dresses of ceremony.

Costumes, Middle ages, Knight, England King, 12th century, Henry shaw

King and Knight.

King and Knight. England 12th century.

Initial letter, middle ages manuscript

D-Intial Letter. MS. Arundel, No. 91

DRESSES of ceremony for solemn occasions, particularly with persons in exalted stations, suffer fewer changes in the course of time, than those in common use. Our plate represents a king- of the latter end of the twelfth century, dressed in his robes of state; but we may probably take it as a good example of the regal costume during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.

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Two ladies of Siena. Italy 13th century fashion.

costumes, medieval, Italy, 13th century, fashion, middle ages, Henry Shaw, Sienna.

Ladies playing on the harp and organ.

LADIES PLAYING ON THE HARP AND ORGAN.

Gautier de Metz, initial letter, Manuscript, Middle ages

C- Initial letter. MS. Sloane, No. 2435

OSTUME, in the west of Europe, during the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, was not strikingly characteristic of difference of countries; its changes were frequent, and often remarkable, but the intercourse between England and France, and in some measure with the neighbouring states, was so constant, that these changes were nearly simultaneous in them all. When, however, we pass to the south, and enter the warm clime and free states of Italy, we find the dresses of all classes have an entirely different character.

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Fashion history of medieval England. 12th, 13th c.

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Richard I, medieval England, King, middle ages, 12th century fashion

RICHARD I., 1189-1199. (also “Richard the Lionheart”, “Richard Plantagenêt”, “Richard Ier Cœur de Lion”.)

Fashion history of medieval England from 1154 to 1216.

Anjou-Plantagenêt ruling dynasty.

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The Norman fashion period. England 1066-1154.

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Empress Matilda, female regent, England, history, Middle ages, 12th century, costumes

The Lady of the English on her visit to Winchester on 3rd March 1141. Matilda was given a formal welcome to Winchester and handed the keys to the treasury.
Empress Matilda (also Empress Maude 1102 – 1167) was the first female regent of the kingdom of England, but was not crowned.

The Norman Period

William the Conqueror, 1066-1087.

by Mrs. Charles H. Ashdown.

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Anglo-Saxon fashion history. England c. 460 to 1066.

 

Saxon, Anglo-Saxon, costume, history, England

The Saxon
Head-gear.— Banded Phrygian cap.
Cloak.— Of blue cloth embroidered.
Tunica.— Green cloth embroidered.
Stockings.— Red cloth cross-gartered yellow.
(Photographed direct from examples used in the Author’s lecture upon Mediaeval Costumes and Head-dresses.

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Clovis. The Merovingian Dynasty.

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Clovis, Merovingian King, Franks, Salian, French history, Rex

Clovis I. (466-511) also Chlodowech Latin: Chlodovechus; Frankish: Hlōdowig; German: Chlodwig I.; French and English: Clovis; was a Franconian king or rex from the Merovingian dynasty.

Clovis. The Merovingian Dynasty.

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