French lady at the time King Charles VIII., 15th century.
Late gothic, renaissance fashion era.
Late gothic, renaissance fashion era.
The German women’s fashion of the Renaissance was characterized by the beret. A beret is a flat, round or square head covering of wool knitting, fabric, velvet or silk lined without shade or brim. During the period of its emergence in the 15th Century, the word was borrowed from the Middle Latin barretum / birretum. Originally, the beret was a sign of the educated classes. Furthermore, the bodice was separated from the skirt and had a low small collar, called Koller or Goller. Several skirts were worn over each other, the upper – and lower skirt that reached almost to the ground. The women drew the long overcoat while walking or dancing up so the the petticoat was visible. In winter, the women wore a long coat. On the belt fell down to the hips, a Aumonière (purse) and a small knife was attached, which was of women, as worn by men.
Costumes historiques de ville ou de théatre et travestissements. Author: Achille Devéria and José Domínguez Bécquer. Publisher Paris: Goupil et Vibert 1831. Publisher London: Charles Tilt 1839. Printed by: Lemercier & Cie.
Costumes historiques de ville ou de théatre et travestissements. Author: Achille Devéria and José Domínguez Bécquer. Publisher Paris: Goupil et Vibert. Publisher London: Charles Tilt 1831-1839. Printed by: Lemercier & Cie.
German townswomen of the Reformation period. Late Renaissance costumes.
The left figure shows an unmarried woman, which is characterized by their uncovered hair. Her long hair is braided in some cases, combined with false hair pieces and decorated with a wreath of flowers.
Both women are wearing the round-cut cotta, or Gamurra with long, lush ornamental sleeves. The Gamurra was closely fitted top and highlighted the figure of the woman. The section was mostly kept around. The sleeves were richly decorated and fanciful, usually sewn only slightly and could be replaced. As material precious materials were used. Furs from Russia could be introduced by the brisk trade, the Italian textile manufacturers, provided the highest quality fabrics such as satin, gold-embroidered brocade, bright silks and velvets, patterned as a novelty. The movement, in such clothes, was slow and stylized. The colors dominated greens, reds and yellows.
Strengthened by the bourgeoisie in the cities of the Middle Ages, with its guilds, a sophisticated tailors’ guild was formed, which dominated the fashion required for this narrow, body-hugging cut.
Under the Gamurra dress the woman wore the loose-fitting Chemisse that set by the wide sleeves and round decorative cutouts, bright points and gave the richly decorated dress additional visual complexity. Popular were the embroidery of seams, especially at the neckline, different colors emerged.
Over the Camurra they carry Cioppa, a robe with ornate hem in bright, clear colors. The Cioppa worn belted high, with long sleeves and trim is made of a train. It is on this figure, the clothes edge, occupied houppelande, a fashionable decoration of the Middle Ages.
The right-married woman wears a head covering the sella, with a long veil.
The man is wearing a beret, a sleeveless Schaube with wide collar (also called Zamora or Jerkin). Including a broad doublet reaching to the knees. A shirt with a small collar. These tights and cowmule shoes.
The woman is wearing a beret adorned with feathers on his head. A tight top with a square neckline and puffed sleeves slit. To a pleated, floor length skirt under an equally colorful petticoat worn.
The fashion is inspired by the mercenaries. The whole appearance of the people expressed a dignified bearing.
The man and the woman wear a large beret adorned with lush feathers. The jerkin is belted. The clothes were slotted rich. Including mostly different colored shirts or skirts were worn by the slots differently colored bulging through. Accordingly, colorful was the appearance. He wears the typical of that cow foot shoes that had developed from the pointed shoes of the Gothic in this form.
The woman has always been shrouded in a lot of material and was based in the fashion according to the man’s. The emphasis was on both genders in the sweeping shoulders.
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