Ranavalona III., last queen of Madagascar.
Ranavalona III, born November 22, 1861 at Amparibe and died in exile in Algiers May 23, 1917, was the last queen of Madagascar where she reigns from 1883 to 1897, under the influence of the prime minister and husband, Rainilaiarivony. During her reign led to the first war with France. This ended in a significant weakening of their position. On December 12, 1887 had to sign a contract that France admitted participation rights. 1896 France attacked the island kingdom again, Madagascar became a French protectorate. Formally was Ranavalona III. continue the ruler. That changed a year later: The French General Joseph Gallieni put the Queen on 28 February 1897, banished into exile in Algeria, where she died in 1917. 1938 her remains were transferred to Madagascar and was buried in the royal tombs in Ambohimanga.