Renaissance fashion. French noblewoman and child in 1520.
Costumes first third of the 16th century. Fashion in France late Renaissance.
The women wore a double skirt. The upper skirt was cut in the chest round or square and had seen the shirt or an embroidered insert. To a bodice with a high neck, Koller or Goller called. The outer garment was the ornament and ended as a train. It was in walking, usually gathered. Therefore, the resulting visible petticoat was decorated. The sleeves are narrow at the top, are slotted in the lower section bulked and often lined with fur. Through the slits, the undershirt shines through. The sleeves cover half of the hands and are often subject to a surcharge. Instead of the toed shoes were the front rounded, wide shoes came in fashion, the cow mule shoes. When the woman wearing hat, a hood, called Calotte. These consisted of wool, and was often richly ornamented. There were a number of different regional caps, hoods or hair nets.
Europe was at that time still under the dominating influence of the Italian Renaissance fashion. Italy was the predominant nation in the world of fashion, because of advanced materials and manufacturers. Amalfi and Venice was the trading center for silks and fabrics. By marriage with Henry II. of France was Catherine de Medici Queen of France, strengthening the Italian influence at the court of Paris. The 16th Century as the age of the Renaissance witnessed the Reformation a fundamental cultural change. This permeated all social strata. Starting from the Czech Republic, by the reformer Jan Hus by, it spread throughout Europe.
This was accompanied by a new idea which concerned the meaning of clothes. In contrast to the elegance of the earlier emphasis on body went through the Burgundian fashion, using precious materials, instead joined a letdown. Fabrics were coarser and cheaper. Although the “dignified” silhouette remained about the same. However, the costume should not constrict the body more, but rather comfort and mobility support.
- Histoire du costume féminin français. Les modes de la renaissance de l’an 1461 á l’an 1574 by Paul Louis Victor de Giafferi.
- Fashion under the Reigns of Louis XI., 1461 to 1515.
- Fashion under the Reign of Francis I. 1515 to 1545.
- Fashion under the Reign of Henry II. 1547 TO 1558.
- Fashion under the Reign of Francis II. 1559 to 1560.
- Fashion under the Reign of Charles IX. 1560 to 1574.
- Fashion in the Reign of Henri III. 1574 to 1589.
- Reigns of Henri IV. and Louis XIII. 1589 to 1643.
- German women`s costume history, 15th century.
- Italian 14th, 15th century fashion history.
- The Hennin. Headdresses history.
- The Reticulated Headdress. Headdresses history.
- The Romance of the Rose. The Art of courtly love.
- The Lady of Tournament delivering the Price.
- The Corset and the Crinolin.
- Characters of The Commedia dell’Arte. Italian Renaissance Theater.
- On the history of costumes. From Ancient to the 19th century