In almost all Buddhist monasteries, may be seen a bell, which is tolled by the monks morning and evening. These regular tollings comprise a series of 108 strokes. This number 108 represents:
In ancient times, a small flag was erected beside the grave, in order to distinguish it from others by means of this special mark.
The main source of the popularity and vitality of ordinary religious pilgrimages in all parts of the world seems to be this, -that they are among the few mundane activities in which keen physical and mental enjoyment may coexist with an exhilarating sense of religious fulfillment.
The custom of making these paper-houses existed already at the beginning of the Yuan dynasty. In A.D. 1287. The paper-house is then taken to an open space, and there burnt, in order to have it conveyed to the nether world for the benefit of the dead.
The custom of making these paper-houses existed already at the beginning of the Yuan dynasty. In A.D. 1287, in the VIIth year of the style Chi-yuan, during the reign of the Emperor Shi-tsu
Chinese wife with bound feet, 1891.
Opium smocking in Shanghai 1899.
THE DYING COOLIE 1897.
Chinese National Day. Tien An Men parade 1954.
The Chinese “braves” are employed to aid the civil magistrates as policemen, to act as custom- house officers at the military stations, along the roads, rivers, and canals; and also to mount guard at the city gates.