Juno crowned with an indented diadem.

Juno, Ancient Roman, Headdress, diadem, Goddess

Bust of Juno

Juno crowned with an indented diadem.

Bust of Juno crowned with an indented diadem which is elevated above her forhead; the hair parted in the midle, and flowing in regular tresses across the forehead, till it falls, behind the ears, to the shoulder below.

The head-dress is a modification of that usual in delineations of Juno, as may be seen by a careful examination of many coins on which she is represented.
It is usually called stephane or stephanos. On coins of Plataea we find it represented as rising high above the head, but flat at the top and unadorned; on those of Argos, Crotona, and Pandosia in Bruttium, as rising but little above the head, but richly adorned with chasing of floral ans other designs; while on those of Elis, themselves among the most beautiful specimens of ancient numismatic art, the stephane is narrow, and forms a belt round the head, so that the hair is seen clearly above it.

This belt is often embellished by chasings of honeysuckle and other patterns. Originally, however, it is likely that this head-dress was in all cases nothing more than a circular disc of metal. The origin of this type is probably oriental, the turred head-dress being common on the regal and autonomous coins of Syria; while there is a remarkable illustration of it in one of the latest of the sculptures from Koyunjik, on which is an Assyrian queen seated with the king under trellis-work of vines, and wearing a peculiar form of embattled diadem, which exhibits the earliest illustration of this form of headdress, ebing, in all probability, not later than B.C. 640.

Source: A description of the collection of ancient Marbles in the British Museum by Combe Taylor, London 1861.

Related:
(Ancient Egypt, Greek, Minoan, Mesopotamia, Roman, British, Levante fashion history)




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  1. Culture and fashion of Mesopotamia. Assyria, Babylonia and Sumer.
  2. Egyptian costume history.
  3. Ancient Greek fashion and costume history
  4. Minoan costume history. Ancient Greek, Crete.
  5. The Amazons. Female warrior.
  6. Ancient Roman costume history. B.C. 53 to A.D. 450..
  7. Costume history of the Persians and other Asiatics.
  8. Ancient British period. Fashion history of England. Bronze age.
  9. The Byzantine Fashion History 5th to 6th century.
  10. Collection of ancient costumes Egyptian, Greek, Roman and others.
  11. The Roman Tunica or Greek Chiton.
  12. The Roman Paenula. The cowl or hood.
  13. On the origin of the pants by Max Marcuse
  14. The Toga and the manner of wearing it.
  15. The Gallic and Gallo-Roman costume period.
  16. The shields of the Gauls. Clans in the Roman Empire.
  17. The Barbarian Invasions. The Migration Period in Europe, 395-527 A. D.
  18. Roman legionary in full armor.
  19. Roman Britain. Maps, Places, Tribes. Historical atlas.
  20. Celt and Roman. History of England 43 BC to 440 AD.
  21. Gallic and Gallo-Roman helmets of Celtic warriors.
  22. Britannia Saxonica. Chronology of the Anglo-Saxons.
  23. The Roman Paenula. The cowl or hood.
  24. Roman, Greece and Egypt. The Corset and the Crinolin fashion history.
  25. Frankish Merovingian costume history. 4th and 5th century.
  26. Byzantine costume history. 5th to 6th century.
  27. The Carolingian fashion period 752-987. Reign of Charlemagne.
  28. The Carolingian Fashion Period 987 to 1270.
  29. Europe in the time of Charles the Great 768 – 814. Maps and Places.
  30. Alfred the Great. The first English king.
  31. King Harold II. Last Anglo-Saxon king of England.
  32. Monachism. Monastic costumes history.
  33. History of costumes from ancient until 19th century