Burgundian fashion. Woman from Siena, Italy 13th century.
Siennoise en 1300
Italian noblewoman in Burgundian fashion, Gothic period, High middle ages.
Horned Hennin, ribbons and veils. The top dress with round neckline is made of precious damask and at the edges richly decorated with gold-embroidered fabric ornaments. The long wide sleeves that reach to the hands are covered with fur cuffs. The belt is worn high on the waist. The hairline is drawn far above what distinguishes a high forehead. The round décolleté is adorned with a heavy gold chain.
Fashion of nobility in 1450 in Germany of the late Middle Ages. The woman with a high Hennin and veil. The over robe (Surkot) is made of heavy damask, gold interwoven, with train, the hem of the dress is decorated with ornaments. The sleeves lengthwise slit. She wears a belt and pointed shoes. The emphasis on fashion, the cut of the clothes (Cotte and Muodor), cleavage is, in contrast to the medieval fashion is very physical, in the prominence of the female figure. The man is wearing a skirt girded (Schecke, front opening dress), with high collar. The shoulders are padded. At the collar bells attached. The sleeves are short, stands out among the wide linen shirt. It is in the style of the Mi-parti held, a specialty of the Burgundian fashion. It was the garment consists of two halves influenced both by different colors of the color complex symbolism of the Middle Ages, or even by different types of interface. For instance, a long sleeve, the other short, as in this picture, where the left sleeve is ripped up and the linen shirt, with wide-cut sleeves, stands out. He wears a two-colored leggings, which are attached by cords to the skirt. With one leg up over the knee extends, the other end already under her skirt. He wears his hair long with a diadem adorned with a feather.
Clothing of German citizens during the Reformation. Late Gothic dresses. German early Renaissance in 1450.
The man is wearing an overcoat, known in Italy as Zimarra in Germany as Schecke, french pour point. This coat came in different lengths. Among the most distinguished citizens, he reached down to the ankles. Characteristic are the large openings of the sleeves, sometimes up to 50 cm in length, which were often decorated with fur. The time had two tendencies in the fashion of the clothes. Either certain parts of the body with the type of cut were emphasized or it has been revealed. In this example, the shoulders of the man highlighted what gives it a decent look. This is emphasized further by wearing a beard. The upper portion of the skirt is richly decorated, the section tapering upward, resulting in an increase in the upper part of the body with it, culminating in a high collar. Ending with sumptuous folds down and wide open spaces, above the knees. Small embellishments on the collar, and sometimes the shoes emphasize the dignity of the citizen. Popular were big, heavy gold chains. On his head he wears a beret is adorned houppelande. In the houppelande, a relic of the late Middle Ages, is an arc cut cloth rag in the Middle Ages adorned the hems of the garments. The overall picture in his hand closes the worn, decorative gloves off.
The woman is wearing the robe hanging, the Gamurra, or cotta, with a train made of heavy fabric. The head is shaved, and above the sella, a less conspicuous form of two-horned hennin, with a long veil that covered her hair and identifies them as a married woman. Young unmarried girls decorate their hair with undisguised beads or garlands. The plain cotta or Gamurra was round cut and consisted of long, lush ornamental sleeves, which were usually sewn only slightly and were replaced by it. In addition it carries the elegant Cioppa with ornate hem in bright, clear colors. The Cioppa is worn belted high, with long sleeves and trim is made of a train.
German Citizens in 1480. Gothic fashion period, 15th century.
The man is dressed in the typical dandy fashion, late Gothic dress. He wears a beret with a large feather, a pleated shirt with sash provided, plus a close-fitting trousers (Miparti), belted at the waist. Toed shoes, Poulines, with a long narrow tip. Over his shoulder he wears a coat that is held together on the right shoulder. Her headdress is a heart-shaped Hennin with veil. The dress is close fitting top with deep front and back clipping. It is belted at the waist. Through the length of it is worn gathered
German Renaissance Costume, Magistrate and Knight in 1540
Fashion in Germany during the Reformation period. Late Renaissance clothing. First third of the 16th century
Among men, the beard is in fashion. To a hair cut called the Kolbe. The hair was worn half long, straight cut on all sides and combed evenly. The beard was in the same kind of cut on the chin straight. The head is covered by the flat cap, in various shapes and sizes. Material was usually embroidered velvet, adorned with feathers, or as a cover for women, sometimes embroidered with precious pearls. This headgear found then in the artistic circles of German Romanticism (19tes century), its rediscovery. Long pants up under the reach below the knee, plus a long jacket, emerged from the Renaissance camisole. The camisole was a short jacket with buttons on the front and a small collar. For women, it was laced worn over the undergarment. This led to the later corset. In today’s women’s fashion, there are still remnants of the original camisole, back in the costumes of some of today’s landscapes. Especially in the south of Germany where this tightly laced loaves are worn over the dirndl. By the German mercenaries of the slotted fashion clothing was taken during the Thirty Years’ War. The reason, it is believed, was greater freedom of movement in combat. These were to slits in the fabric by looking under the dress shirt through. In the fashion of the 15th century, this stylistic device is then varied with different colors of the garments. In the Middle Ages, the doublet originally a padded coat with long sleeves. This was worn under the armor. Later it became the main garment under the overcoat and accompanied the men’s fashion until well into the 17th century. In the Spanish fashion, it becomes a goose belly, only to be replaced in the 18th century by the vest. The color range of clothing in Germany was mostly kept in yellow to red. Other countries, however, certain occupations, preferred specific colors. France preferred bright colors to predominantly white.
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