GIBRALTAR. FROM ABOVE CAMP BAY.
The margin of the western side of the mountain of Gibraltar is very irregular: large masses of rock jut out into the great bay, and form several small bays, which are extremely picturesque and beautiful.
The view here given is taken from a mortar battery on the craggy cliffs overhanging the south side of Camp Bay, which is nearest to the spectator, who is supposed to face the north. Next in succession, and separated from Camp Bay by a narrow ridge of rock, is Rosia Bay, a beautiful little crescent-shaped cove, just below the south barracks.
Beyond this is the dock-yard, with all the buildings appertaining to it. On the right hand, we have the great western face of the mountain, sloping down to the wide bay of Gibraltar, which is bounded in the distance by ranges of the Spanish mountains; and the town of St. Roque, the nearest Spanish town to Gibraltar, is seen on the summit of one of the nearer hills.
Part of the town of Gibraltar is seen at the foot of the slope, and numerous vessels enliven the head of the bay opposite. On the crest of the mountain, and nearer to the spectator, is the signal station. A little nearer is the termination of a long line of wall, which extends from the southern extremity of the town, at the base of the mountain, to its craggy top. This wall was constructed by order of Charles the Fifth, in the year 1589.
Numerous villas are scattered in delightful situations on the lower portion of the slope: these are chiefly occupied by military and naval officers belonging to the different departments of the garrison.
Between these and the town are the new and beautiful plantations of the Almada or public promenade, laid out with admirable taste by the present Lieutenant-Governor Sir George Don, whose attention to the improvement of the whole place is conspicuous wherever we turn.
The manner in which the fortifications are constructed, following all the irregularities of the rocky coast, so as to leave no point undefended, is well seen in the foreground of this view.
Source: Select views of some of the principal cities of Europe by Robert Batty. London: Moon, Boys, and Graves, 1832.