Priestess (visionary) and nobility in chiton.
The resulting folds by pulling down the chiton over the belt was called Kolpos.
Source: Classical antiquity, ancient costumes from Greece: Costume of Greek Priestess, Nobility. Published in 1860, “Münchener Bilderbogen”.
Women were active not only as the Pythea as an oracle. Among others were the duties of citizens in Athens the ablution of the statue of Athena and the weaving of the peplos (robe for the statue).
At the Artemis sanctuary in Brauron girls served as altar attendants and they carried the sacred olive branches in procession to the temple of Apollo Delphinos to name just a few specific tasks.
Especially among the celebrations in honor of Demeter and Kore, women played a prominent role. Particularly noteworthy are the festivals which were exclusively reserved for women (Halos in January, Skira in July and Thesmophoria late October). The most important festival, the Thesmophoria, took a total of three days. On the first day, the women built the sanctuary and provisional shelters, on the second day they fasted and on the third they celebrated extensively. The victims, who were brought during this time (for, example, small piglets) were mixed later with the seed.
In these festivals, the women could represent as a group and took over responsibility regarding the agricultural work, as the harvest yields were backed up by the cultic activities. Also at the cult of Dionysus, the women played an important role. The best example is Olympias, the mother of Alexander the Great.
Olympias (Around 375 BC in Epirus; † 316 BC in Pydna.) was a princess of the tribe of the Molossians. She was a daughter of King Neoptolemus I of Epirus. Around 357 BC, she married the Macedonian king Philip II., and became the mother of Alexander the Great. Religious eccentric she was a devout member of the orgiastic snake-worshiping cult of Dionysus and joined the orgiastic celebrations in honor of the God already in her home country Epirus as a dancer and a Bacchante on. According to Plutarch took these rites also tamed snakes part that should be touched and writhed around the ivy crowned maenads. Archaeological excavations in Dodona confirmed the serpent cult of the local ancient inhabitants, and in Pella there were signs that the women Dionysus worshiped. Olympias had its own cult snake. Olympias played in the education of her son a significant role and may have influenced him in his religious views.
(Ancient Greek, Minoan, Amazon, Roman, Persian fashion history)
- The Ancient Greek costume history.
- Assyrian and Babylonian culture and fashion.
- Egyptian costume history.
- Minoan costume history.
- The Amazons.
- Ancient Roman costume history. B.C. 53 to A.D. 450..
- Ancient Costumes of the Persians and other Asiatics.
- Ancient Costume History of Egyptian, Greek, Roman and others.
- The Roman Tunica or Greek Chiton.
- The Toga and the manner of wearing it.
- The Gallic and Gallo-Roman costume period.
- The shields of the Gauls. Clans in the Roman Empire.
- The Barbarian Invasions. The Migration Period in Europe, 395-527 A. D.
- Roman legionary in full armor.
- Roman Britain. Maps, Places, Tribes. Historical atlas.
- Celt and Roman. History of England 43 BC to 440 AD.
- Gallic and Gallo-Roman helmets of Celtic warriors.
- The Roman Paenula. The cowl or hood.
- Roman, Greece and Egypt. The Corset and the Crinolin fashion history.
- Frankish Merovingian costume history. 4th and 5th century.
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- The Carolingian fashion period 752-987. Reign of Charlemagne.
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- Europe in the time of Charles the Great 768 – 814. Maps and Places.
- Alfred the Great. The first English king.
- King Harold II. Last Anglo-Saxon king of England.
- Monachism. Monastic costumes history.