Art Nouveau costume, reform dress, 1900

Greek tunic. German Art Nouveau reform clothing in 1900

Greek tunic acts as a reform dress

Art Nouveau fashion 1900, Reform dress.

Depiction of a woman in a so-called reform dress. These clothes were to prevail and remained an episode of the early 20th century fashion history. The background was a reform movement, which for an exemption from social constraints and, consequently, against the health damaging fashion, for example, the corset, pleaded.
Monte Verita at Ascona in the Ticino, was a stronghold of the movement. Founded by pacifists and reformers Gusto Gräser, it became a rallying point for the former alternative movement. Mary Wigman, Hermann Hesse, Erich Mühsam, Emil Jannings, and Isadora Duncan, just to name a few, were connected with this place.
On this postcard, the woman is presented in manner of a Greek tunic. But what coincides with the above-mentioned epoch.
By the prudery of the society of that time, the classic antique was used as a model for a clothing Reformation.

Note:  Flounce dresses. Fin de siècle fashion 1915.

Leave a Reply

The Fabric of Civilization: How Textiles Made the World Paperback – December 7, 2021
by Virginia Postrel (Author)

From Neanderthal string to 3D knitting, an “expansive” global history that highlights “how textiles truly changed the world” (Wall Street Journal)

Literature

Couture: then and now Clothes define people. A person's clothing, whether it's a sari, kimono, or business suit, is an essential key to his or her culture, class, personality, or even religion. The Kyoto Costume Institute recognizes the importance of understanding clothing sociologically, historically, and artistically.