Indian plantation workers at Malabar around 1910.

Malabar, Kerala, pepper, plantation, Asia, Kolonialismus, Joan Berenice ReynoldsMalabar pepper plantation

Plantation workers harvest pepper in the historic, fabulous Malabar, today’s Kerala, one of the few remaining matriachates (The caste of Nair)  in the world.

Malabar originally designated the entire territory of the present-day state of Kerala on the southwest coast of India. Today the Malabar region is generally understood to mean only the northern part of Kerala, while the Malabar coast refers to the entire coastal section between Cape Komorin and Mangalore.

Source: Asia by Joan Berenice Reynolds. Publisher London, A. and C. Black, 1910.

Note:  Gyan Bapi Temple, Benaras, Varanasi, India 1895.
0 0 votes
Article Rating
Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments


Couture: then and now Clothes define people. A person's clothing, whether it's a sari, kimono, or business suit, is an essential key to his or her culture, class, personality, or even religion. The Kyoto Costume Institute recognizes the importance of understanding clothing sociologically, historically, and artistically.