Armenian Hamal. A porter or bearer in the Ottoman Empire.
Hammal, ḥammāl in Arabic, was the name given to the occupation of carrier. The Hammal had their own organisation, a kind of early union. They carried the merchandise through the narrow streets of Constantinople between the Han. The large warehouses were referred to as Han.
Source: Stamboul, Recollections of Eastern Life by Amedeo Preziosi. Published by Lemercier Paris 1861.
Racinet's Costume History is an invaluable reference for students, designers, artists, illustrators, and historians; and a rich source of inspiration for anyone with an interest in clothing and style. Originally published in France between 1876 and 1888, Auguste Racinet’s Le Costume historique was in its day the most wide-ranging and incisive study of clothing ever attempted.
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