Catalina de Erauso alias Francisco Loyola who became famous as a soldier, was a Basque noblewoman who lived as a man for several decades (“The nun lieutenant”).
Traditional Huaso costume from Chile. The huaso, or cowboy of Chile´s central plain, is a picturesque, a character as the cowboy of North America`s western prairie. Illustration by Jo Bartas.
The original inhabitants of Tierra del Fuego, the Yamana or Yaghan, Haush, Selk’nam and Kawesqar people, almost completely exterminated by white settlers during the colonization.