Reis Effendi. Minister for Foreign affairs. Ottoman Empire.

Turkish empire clothing. Ottoman Empire costume. Traditional islam, Mohammedan dress

Reis Effendi. Minister for Foreign affairs.

Reis Effendi. Minister for Foreign affairs. Ottoman Empire.

THE office of Reis Effendi unites what in Europe would be called Secretary at State, high Chancellor of the Empire, and Minister for Foreign affairs. From the great extent and importance of his employment this officer is reckoned one of the first in the Turkish empire. Every order of the Porte, which is not immediately connected with the finances, or military operations, passes through his hands, and must have his signature. He negociates and confers with all the foreign ministers who are at Constantinople. In fact, every thing relative to foreign affairs, as well as all the administration of the interior, passes through the hands of the Reis Effendi. But even with all this power and business he is obliged to consult the Grand Vizier, and to follow his directions. If, however, he is thus obliged to be obedient to the orders of the Vizier, the Reis Effendi by these means transfers the responsibility, and consequently the danger, of every act to that officer.

Drawings by Octavian Dalvimart.
Printed by Howlett and Brimmer.
Published in London, 1804.

Note:  Turban bearer. The guarding of the turkish Sultan’s turbans.

Leave a Reply

The Fabric of Civilization: How Textiles Made the World Paperback – December 7, 2021
by Virginia Postrel (Author)

From Neanderthal string to 3D knitting, an “expansive” global history that highlights “how textiles truly changed the world” (Wall Street Journal)


Couture: then and now Clothes define people. A person's clothing, whether it's a sari, kimono, or business suit, is an essential key to his or her culture, class, personality, or even religion. The Kyoto Costume Institute recognizes the importance of understanding clothing sociologically, historically, and artistically.