Françoise d’Aubigné, marquise de Maintenon 1635-1719.

Madame de Maintenon, Coiffure, fashion, history,
Madame de Maintenon. Coiffure Louis XIV.

Madame de Maintenon 1635-1719. 

Françoise d’Aubigné, marquise de Maintenon, briefly called Madame de Maintenon was the last mistress and in morganatic marriage, the second wife of Louis XIV of France.

After the death of his wife, Queen Maria Theresa of Austria in October 1683, Louis XIV went to the Maintenon secretly a left-handed marriage (The right hand is the oath hand, the hand of the marriage alliance. The left-handed marriage granted the wife in the aristocratic society not full marriage rights, but was merely a special form of concubinage. Not a full legally binding marriage, morganatic marriage, not befitting).

Until his death, he lived with her ​​and visited her every day in their rooms. The unclear relationship to the outside of the two and the fact that she was a little older than him, led to some talk on the court and in Europe.

In 1685 she founded in the town of Saint-Cyr-l’École (Arrondissement Versailles) a boarding school, Maison royale de Saint-Louis, for 300 daughters of impoverished noblemen – the Maison Royale de Saint-Louis. There she retired after the death of the king in 1715, without ever having to leave the place again. Her tomb lies in the Chapel.

Source: Albums de coiffures historiques par E. Nissy. Editeur: Albert Brunet, Paris c. 1860.

Illustration, hairstyle, Albert Brunet,

Continuing

Note:  Coiffure l'Ingénue, Coiffure en Hérisson a crochets 1785.

Leave a Reply

The American Duchess Guide to 18th Century Beauty: 40 Projects for Period-Accurate Hairstyles, Makeup and Accessories by Lauren Stowell & Abby Cox.


Seventeenth and Eighteenth-Century Fashion in Detail by Avril Hart & Susan North. From cut and construction to fabric and trimmings.




Auguste Racinet. The Costume History by Françoise Tétart-Vittu.

Racinet's Costume History is an invaluable reference for students, designers, artists, illustrators, and historians; and a rich source of inspiration for anyone with an interest in clothing and style. Originally published in France between 1876 and 1888, Auguste Racinet’s Le Costume historique was in its day the most wide-ranging and incisive study of clothing ever attempted.

Covering the world history of costume, dress, and style from antiquity through to the end of the 19th century, the six volume work remains completely unique in its scope and detail. “Some books just scream out to be bought; this is one of them.” ― Vogue.com

The Fabric of Civilization: How Textiles Made the World Paperback – December 7, 2021
by Virginia Postrel (Author)

From Neanderthal string to 3D knitting, an “expansive” global history that highlights “how textiles truly changed the world” (Wall Street Journal)


FASHIONPEDIA
Fashionpedia - The Visual Dictionary Of Fashion Design

Fashionpedia - The Visual Dictionary Of Fashion Design

FASHIONPEDIA is a visual fashion dictionary covering all the technical terms from style to material to production with illustrations and infographics. It encompasses rich, extensive information and yet is easy to read. Whether you are an industry insider or a fashion connoisseur, FASHIONPEDIA is all you will ever need to navigate the fashion scene.


Textilepedia. The Complete Fabric Guide.

The Textile Manual is an encyclopaedia of textile information, from material to yarn, from fabric structure to the finishing process. Encompassing practical tips for a range of textiles and detailed visuals, this ultra-accessible manual is the perfect companion for fashion aficionados and aspiring fashion designers.