Oporto, from the Monte D’Arabida. Portugal 1832.

Oporto, view, Porto, D'Arabida, Portugal,
Oporto, from the Monte D’Arabida.


Having in the preceding description indicated the position of the Monte d’Arabida, we may now exhibit a view of the city of Oporto as seen from this height. The spectator is here supposed to be looking directly up the majestic and beautifully winding Douro. Immediately below, on the left, is the charming valley of Massarellos, bordered on the bank of the river by a fine avenue of trees.

On the crest of the height beyond is a remarkable arch, built of stone, and erected as a mark for vessels to steer upon in crossing the bar at the mouth of the river. It is called the Torre de Marca. From the changes, however, which have taken place in the form of the bar, owing to repeated storms and the accumulation of sand, this land-mark has now become but an insecure guide.

To the left of the Torre da Marca, the lofty tower called the Torre dos Clerigos, situated on one of the highest points in the city, makes its appearance.

Turning to the opposite, or southern side of the river, that part of Oporto called Villa Nova, or Villa Nova de Gaya, is seen, built upon the steep and crescent-shaped hills directly fronting the city. The circular building crowning the eminence in the distance, is the Serra Convent, which bounds Villa Nova on its eastern side.

Close to the foot of the wooded height upon the right, and nearer to the spectator, is the delightfully situated convent of St, Antonio, which may be said to form the western boundary of Villa Nova, The appearance of the Douro, with its numerous shipping, and the variety of interesting objects scattered on its cheerful banks, render this one of the most pleasing scenes in the circle of Oporto.

Note:  The Holy Land. Jerusalem from the road leading to Bethany.

Source: Select views of some of the principal cities of Europe by Robert Batty. London: Moon, Boys, and Graves, 1832.



The Mouth of the Douro from Massarellos.

Oporto, from the Monte D’Arabida.

Oporto, from the Quay of Villa Nova.

Oporto, from Villa Nova.

Oporto, from the Custom-House Quay.

Oporto, from Fontainhas.

Leave a Reply

Auguste Racinet. The Costume History by Françoise Tétart-Vittu.

Racinet's Costume History is an invaluable reference for students, designers, artists, illustrators, and historians; and a rich source of inspiration for anyone with an interest in clothing and style. Originally published in France between 1876 and 1888, Auguste Racinet’s Le Costume historique was in its day the most wide-ranging and incisive study of clothing ever attempted.

Covering the world history of costume, dress, and style from antiquity through to the end of the 19th century, the six volume work remains completely unique in its scope and detail. “Some books just scream out to be bought; this is one of them.” ― Vogue.com

The Fabric of Civilization: How Textiles Made the World Paperback – December 7, 2021
by Virginia Postrel (Author)

From Neanderthal string to 3D knitting, an “expansive” global history that highlights “how textiles truly changed the world” (Wall Street Journal)

Fashionpedia - The Visual Dictionary Of Fashion Design

Fashionpedia - The Visual Dictionary Of Fashion Design

FASHIONPEDIA is a visual fashion dictionary covering all the technical terms from style to material to production with illustrations and infographics. It encompasses rich, extensive information and yet is easy to read. Whether you are an industry insider or a fashion connoisseur, FASHIONPEDIA is all you will ever need to navigate the fashion scene.

Textilepedia. The Complete Fabric Guide.

The Textile Manual is an encyclopaedia of textile information, from material to yarn, from fabric structure to the finishing process. Encompassing practical tips for a range of textiles and detailed visuals, this ultra-accessible manual is the perfect companion for fashion aficionados and aspiring fashion designers.


Couture: then and now Clothes define people. A person's clothing, whether it's a sari, kimono, or business suit, is an essential key to his or her culture, class, personality, or even religion. The Kyoto Costume Institute recognizes the importance of understanding clothing sociologically, historically, and artistically.