Brocade silk caftans of Mehmed the Conqueror, 15th c..

Sultan, Mehmed, II, Ottoman Empire,
Sultan Mehmed II. Painting by Gentile Bellini

Brocade caftan on silk of sultan Mehmed the Conqueror (1432-1481)

Mehmed II. (1432 – 1481), called Father of the Conquest) was the seventh Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. He reigned from 1444 to 1446 and then from 1451 until his death. On May 29, 1453 he conquered Constantinople, thus sealing the end of the Byzantine Empire. Due to his numerous conquests, he can be considered the second founder of the Ottoman Empire alongside Osman I, for which he created the territorial, ideological and economic basis.